Let's begin with the normal APA format for writing book references. A book reference should include the author's last name, first initials, publication year, book title, and publisher. It also may include the chapter or section number and the page number where the referenced material can be found.
Book references are usually placed at the beginning of the reference list. However, if they are used frequently or there is space limitations, they may be included at the end of the list.
Here is an example of a book reference: Gantman, L., & Van Dyne, J. (2003). Social studies standards (3rd ed.). Chicago: American Library Association.
Citation styles vary but most follow the same basic pattern as above. The main difference between how books are cited in academic journals and newspapers is that journal citations include the issue number if available. For example, if I were referencing material in an article by Gantman and Van Dyne (2003), I would write the reference this way: Gantman, L. W. & Van Dyne, J. P. (2003). Chicago: American Library Association, pp. Xi-xii.
APA Citation Order Author Last Name (Surname) When it comes to organizing the APA reference list in alphabetical order, the author's surname is the first place to search. The author's surname comes first, then their initials. For example, if the article was written by "Smith, J and Jones, J," the reference list would look like this:
Jones, J. and Smith, J.
If there are multiple authors with the same name, put each one's name in separate citations with a comma between them. For example, if the second author's name is also Jones, then the reference list would look like this:
Jones, J. and Smith, J., "First name last name." Journal of Clinical Medicine 2017; 5(1).
Search for the author's last name in Google Scholar. If they appear together in an article, that means they were both contributing writers or researchers. In this case, include both names on the reference list.
If the author has a common middle name or prefix, include these details in the reference list too.
Book references should include the following:
A bibliography is a thorough list of the sources cited in an academic paper. The sources should be arranged alphabetically by the author's or editor's surname. When there is more than one author or editor, use the first name to position the work. In general, information to be included in a bibliography consists of three elements: the title of the work, an identification of the publisher and location where the work may be obtained, and an indication of the date of publication if not apparent from the title alone.
For example, a student might list as sources for his or her research paper: "The American Heritage Dictionary," "Houghton Mifflin Company," 200 Main Street, Boston, MA 02109-2220, published in 2003."
The order in which these sources are listed is not important; they can be sorted out later by the professor or reader. However, it is helpful if you include information about page numbers for each source, since scholars may want to look up specific words/phrases within the text of the book.
Often, students will list books they are using for reference instead of actual sources. While this is acceptable at first, it becomes problematic when the number of books listed grows too large. It is best to include only those sources that you have read outside of class and found useful for your paper.
Sort the list alphabetically by the first word of the citation. The author's last name is usually the first word. If there is more than one author, separate them with commas.
Write the book title in italics at the beginning of the sentence. Use quotation marks to indicate words that are taken directly from the text.
Include page numbers when available. Otherwise, assume that readers know how to locate items in the source document.
Bibliography entries contain three parts: a work name, an author's name, and a publication date.
Works include novels, collections of poems, plays, or articles; films; television programs; recordings (such as albums or singles); books published for children; and magazines. Works may also include unpublished manuscripts, reports, and essays. Include the title, author's name, and date if they are known.
Authors use their names to identify themselves and their works. Therefore, it is necessary to include the author's name along with the work title in the bibliography entry.
Publications include journals, newspapers, reviews, interviews, speeches, and other forms of media.
Electronic book references should include:
Wherever feasible, provide the author's name. The surname (last name) should be written first, followed by any initials. If there are more than three writers, cite the first one and use the abbreviation 'et al,' which means 'and all.' If no individual author can be identified, simply list the authors as 'unknown' or 'unidentified,' etc.
Academic references are usually cited in a sentence or two, so keep the explanation brief! You can find out more about academic referencing from our Academic Referencing Guide.