Origins. Before people could write, the evolution of the short narrative began. Indeed, the majority of great legends from the ancient Middle East were written in poetry, including "The War of the Gods," "The Story of Adapa" (both Babylonian), "The Heavenly Bow," and "The King Who Forgot" (both Canaanite). These works were used as teaching tools for children who would grow up to be leaders of their communities.
Short stories came after poetry had been invented by people around 3200 B.C. They probably started out as songs that were told rather than sung. As time went on, writers decided they could make money off these poems/songs so they included advice for making babies, winning wars, and catching lions more prominently. Some even included instructions on how to build boats or weave cloth! The Egyptians were the first to do this when they wrote down slave narratives in the early 1800's B.C.
In the Middle Ages, monks were responsible for preserving many classic tales that were no longer being passed on through families. As you may know, most books at this time were religious texts written by priests, so these stories were important for kids to hear. Over time, these tales gave us examples of good and evil actions to follow or not follow. Many of these stories still exist today in some form. For example, "Puss in Boots" is a medieval tale that was later rewritten by Disney.
The early storyteller frequently relied on stock words, established rhythms, and rhyme to help in the construction and memorization of tales. As a result, many of the world's earliest narratives, such as the ancient Babylonian tale, the Epic of Gilgamesh, are written in poetry. Over time, as people learned how to read and write, the short story came into its own.
The modern short story is a relatively new invention. During the 19th century, stories were often included in books or magazines. But it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that the short story became popularized when magazines such as Harper's Bazaar and Vanity Fair started running serializations of novels and plays. Today, most short stories are published in magazines, but some authors also sell their work directly to readers via the internet or in bookstores.
In conclusion, the development of the short story begins with people who can't write telling stories instead. As time went by, people started writing down their stories and adding more details to them. Today, the short story is an important part of literature.
While Shuruppak's fatherly wisdom is one of the oldest examples of recorded literature, the "Epic of Gilgamesh," a mythological epic that originally appeared in the third millennium B.C., is arguably history's oldest known fictional narrative. The story revolves on a Sumerian king named Gilgamesh, who is "foolish, proud, and strong-willed". Seeking immortality, he sets out on a quest for eternal life but fails to acquire it. When he returns home grieving, his wife, Enkidu, their child, and other friends and relatives have died while waiting for him.
Although written down within living memory, many consider "The Epic of Gilgamesh" to be an oral tradition for several reasons: its early date; its lack of any indication as to how it was created or by whom; and its apparent spontaneity and improvisational nature. No manuscript evidence has been found for "The Epic of Gilgamesh", although some have speculated that it may have been written on clay tablets which were lost over time.
It has been suggested that "The Epic of Gilgamesh" may be the world's first novel because of its creative use of language and imagery. However, this argument lacks consensus among scholars. Some believe that it is not enough to label something as a "novel" because it uses unique literary techniques, without also demonstrating that it changes or advances the way stories were told at the time it was written.
Short stories may be traced back to oral storytelling traditions that gave birth to epics like Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. Oral histories were frequently delivered in the style of rhyming or rhythmic poetry, with recurrent portions. Such tactics aided my recollection of the story. The art of writing short stories came about as publishers began to demand more sophisticated material. Writers such as Tobias Smollett and Jane Austen were early practitioners who are now regarded as the founders of the genre.
The first collection of short stories was published in 1714 by Henry Fielding. It was entitled The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. Fielding is best known for his novel George Eliot praised it as "the most extraordinary book on earth". In fact, Fielding wrote several other books before he died at age 44, so perhaps we should not be too surprised by this early death. His wife managed his estate until she had children of her own, then another husband was found to replace him. She has been called "England's first female millionaire" - all because of her inheritance from her husband.
In any case, Fielding is credited with establishing the form that later short story writers would follow: a mix of drama and comedy with often tragic endings; detailed descriptions of settings; and characters who speak in turn to introduce each chapter.
These are just some of the many characteristics that make short stories unique.