Overview of Myths The Nibelungenlied is a thirteenth-century German epic poem that mixes chivalric stories with older Germanic folktales. The Nibelungenlied, based on old Norse traditions, depicts the narrative of Siegfried, a German prince. The poem's title refers to the Nibelungs, who were once malevolent dwarfs with a miraculous but cursed gold treasure. After they are defeated by Siegfried, they ask for forgiveness which is granted by King Etzel of Germany. In return, the Nibelungs promise to make Etzel's son Kriemhild marry Siegfried. When Siegfried arrives in court to meet Kriemhild, he finds she has been married to several other men. Enraged, he kills them all, except for Hagen, his loyal servant. Later, when Kriemhild realizes what has happened, she makes peace with Siegfried and they marry. They have a son who becomes heir to the kingdom, but before he can take power, he is murdered by Hagen. Before dying, he tells Hagen to find his brother Gunther and tell him what has happened. So, Hagen goes to Etzel's kingdom and meets him along with another warrior named Gernot. Gernot is told that Siegfried's wife has been murdering her husband's friends and that someone must go to Brunhilda, a powerful sorceress, for help. He also learns that Kriemhild has a beautiful daughter named Ottilie who may be able to lead them to the murderer.
The 12th century The Nibelungenlied ('Song of the Nibelungs') is a classic German epic poem. The first part of the Nibelungenlied is virtually the same narrative told two centuries before in Iceland's Elder Edda, with Siegfried and Brunhild as tragic hero and heroine. However, the remainder of the poem is unique to Germany.
In France there is an early 11th-century Latin epic called Dafo which is lost but whose plot can be guessed from other ancient poems that remain intact. It is possible that this is where the story of Siegfried came from.
If we look at English literature, we find that the Iliad is the earliest known epic. It was written down in its entirety only in the 15th century (although some of its themes and episodes may have been used as epics within the Greek world long before then).
Siegfried is one of the most famous characters in medieval German literature. He first appears in the poetry of the Nibelungenlied, a collection of stories and songs about a legendary knight-errant who lives in the Netherlands. The Nibelungenlied was probably written around 1220 by an unknown poet who may have lived in Bavaria. This version of the tale is very different from the one that inspired Wagner's opera Siegfried, but both tales share many similarities including their overall structure, their use of magic, and their emphasis on heroism.
"Song of the Nibelungs" is a Middle High German epic poem composed about 1200 by an unknown Danubian Austrian. It is survived in three major 13th-century manuscripts: A (now in Munich), B (St. Gall), and C (Donaueschingen); current scholarship considers B to be the most reliable. The poet may have been a member of the von Epp family.
The poem tells the story of seven noblemen from Bavaria who obtain the aid of seven magical warriors known as "Nibelungs" in order to win back their wife's gold. When they succeed, the Nibelungs agree to serve them for three years. During that time, they go on many adventures and fight many battles. At the end of each year, the men renew their contract with their servants until finally all but one of them are killed. Then, the survivor takes his servant home with him and binds him up to ensure that he will never again go into battle.
This poem was very popular during the late 13th century and probably had a significant influence on the development of medieval warfare. It is believed that many of the military practices described in the poem were first used by the Germans. The poem also contains some of the earliest references to gunpowder weapons such as bombs and rockets.
The Nibelungenlied was the first heroic epic composed in Germany, and it helped to establish a broader genre of written heroic poetry. It has been described as "one of the most remarkable, and probably the most forceful, of the Middle Ages German epics."
In addition to being a great work of art, the Nibelungenlied is also significant for being one of the first examples of an international poem in English. The poem had a huge influence on medieval French poets who were familiar with it through translations. Indeed, some scholars believe that some stanzas of the Roman de Rou may actually be found in the original German version of the Nibelungenlied.
The Nibelungenlied was written between 1150 and 1200 and contains 905 lines divided into 25 chapters. Its author is unknown but he or she was likely a member of the knightly class since the story takes place during the reign of two German kings: Siegfried von Brabant and Ludwig der Frombacher. The poem describes how its characters travel across Europe looking for wealth and fame with which they can buy armor and weapons to fight in a legendary battle against a group of Norse gods known as the Hunnish army. Although they succeed in defeating the enemy, a number of characters die including Siegfried, who is killed by his own sword after being fatally wounded in battle.
The horde has been cursed. The Nibelungenlied (-let') [Song of the Nibelungen] is a lengthy Middle High German epic written in the early 13th century by a South German poet. It contains pagan mythology and customs, but it is clearly the work of a Christian, courtly culture. Its themes include chivalry, warfare, diplomacy, and storytelling. This song tells of how Siegfried, a young knight from the kingdom of Burgundy, defeats the evil dragon Fafner to win the beautiful princess Brunhild, who in turn spurns him. Enraged, Siegfried goes on to defeat many other warriors in single combat until finally he dies. After his death, Siegfried becomes a martyr and a saint in Christianity.
Although written as a story, the Nibelungenlied contains references to historical events such as the Battle of Hastings in 1066 or the death of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Normandy, in 1060. These facts help date the poem and give us insight into medieval European society. The poem also contains many allusions to Norse mythology including stories about Thor, Odin, and Valhalla. Thus, the Nibelungenlied can be considered a part of Scandinavian mythology as well as Germanic folklore.
The poem was probably intended for entertainment rather than education since it contains no actual narrative structure and only mentions topics such as kings, princes, knights, battles, etc.
Her vengeance kills all the Burgundians that came to Etzel's court, as well as destroying Etzel's realm and killing Kriemhild herself.
It is the only German-language poem that has survived from the early medieval era (8th century). It tells the story of Siegfried, a noble knight who lives with his uncle Gunther in the kingdom of Burgundy. Their family name is Nibelung; thus the poem is often called "The Song of the Nibelungs". Siegfried is expected to succeed his uncle as king, but first he must fight and win many battles. When he succeeds, he travels to Etzel's kingdom to marry Kriemhild, the daughter of the emperor. However, she bears no love for Siegfried and plans to kill him after becoming empress. Her revenge kills all the Burgundians that came to Etzel's court, as well as destroying Etzel's realm and killing Kriemhild herself.
Siegfried and Kriemhild have two children who survive into adulthood: Ebelsine and Eigern. When Siegfried dies, his wife Kriemhild goes back home to Bavaria while their children stay with Gunther in Burgundy. Over time, both children grow up to be famous warriors themselves.