My final farewell "Mi ultimo adios" (English: "My Last Farewell") is a poem composed by Dr. Jose Rizal before to his execution by firing squad on December 30, 1896. The artwork was one of his final works before his death.
It is an elegy for the people of the Philippines, which describes their lost opportunity for independence and prosperity. The poem also expresses Rizal's own feelings of despair at the prospect of dying for a cause he believed to be unjust.
Rizal wrote the poem in the Ilokano language after midnight on the day of his execution. The last lines read: "Sapagkat nakakatatasa sa kasalanan / Hindi rin mabuti ang pamumuhay para sa kaluluwa / At parang huwag matulog sa umibig ng buwan." ("Since we are blamed for someone else's sins / Life will never be better for our people / And like a morning star, it will rise again tomorrow.")
The poem was not published during Rizal's lifetime due to censorship imposed by the Spanish government. It was first made public in 1903 when Eduardo Malong-Palomino released it along with other poems by Rizal.
During his dying days at Fort Santiago, Manila, Rizal sent letters to his motherland and people. Mi ultimo adios, or My Last Farewell, is one of Rizal's last writings. It is a poem composed in honor of the Philippine flag.
Rizal died on December 30, 1896, at the age of 36. He was buried in an unmarked grave near the wall of Santa Potenciana Church in Madrid. In 2002, his remains were moved to the Rizal Memorial Park in Malate, Manila.
Mi Ultimo Adios was written shortly before Rizal's execution. It was published for the first time three years after his death in the book Antologio (Anthology). The anthology was compiled by Dr. Felipe Agoncillo and included poems from many famous poets of the time.
In the poem, Rizal says goodbye to his family, friends, and country. He asks God to watch over them all and adds a verse of his own composition: "May my words light up the darkness around us / And may they guide us through these difficult times."
The poem is considered one of the most important literary works of the Philippines because it shows how much Jose Rizal loved his country.
He wrote his famous "Mi Ultimo Adios" (My Last Farewell) the night before his death by firing squad after being convicted of treason to the Spanish monarchy by a Spanish colonial court. (Fort Santiago, Manila) Rizal Shrine, the site of his execution, is a national monument in Manila.
Rizal's last words have been interpreted in many ways. Some believe he was apologizing for causing trouble with his writings while others say he was asking God to forgive him for any sins. But what they all agree on is that Rizal was giving his life so that other people could live freely and not be punished for speaking their minds.
After spending nearly three years in prison, Rizal was exiled to Dominguez Hills, near the town of Malolos in the Philippines. There he was given land to grow food on but also had to work as a farm laborer. He died at age 36 in that far-away place on June 30, 1896.
However, his ideas lived on despite the efforts of the Spanish authorities to suppress them. In the 1960s, the Philippine government issued a new currency called the Bicolo. On one side was a picture of José Rizal and on the other side was an image of Andrés Bonifacio.