A theme is the main or central concept in a piece of literature. It is a story's uniting factor. A theme is not only a synopsis of characters or events. Rather, it is the story's dominating notion or primary insight. These themes can be moral (such as honesty or betrayal), emotional (such as loneliness or hope), or psychological (such as obsession or self-doubt).
Many novels and stories explore multiple themes within their narratives. For example, Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice explores the themes of pride and prejudice through the marriage prospects of three very different people: Elizabeth Bennet, Mr. Darcy, and Fitzwilliam Darcy. William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet explores the themes of love, hate, death, and survival. Many other works also explore multiple themes within their narratives.
Themes are at the heart of good storytelling. They draw us into the narrative and keep us there until we find out what happens to the characters. Then they leave an impression that may help us relate to others or understand aspects of life for which there was no prior knowledge. Themes are also important because without them, some readers might question whether the story is worth reading.
In conclusion, a literary work's main idea is its theme or central concept. It is what makes the story unique and appealing.
A theme is a literary work's fundamental concept, concern, or aim. A tale, play, or poem's topic might be its point about life—an understanding the writer wishes to impart to the reader. The concept is usually presented indirectly rather than explicitly in most stories, poems, or plays. Rather than telling readers or audiences exactly what they should think or feel, writers often leave this up to them. In fact, it is not unusual for writers to ask readers or listeners to imagine the scene being described.
Some themes that have been identified by scholars include honor, duty, love, greed, death, and religion. Whatever their subject matter, all stories seek to communicate ideas.
Often, the message or purpose of a story or poem will be apparent from its title alone. For example, "Love Is Love" and "Jealousy: The Only Sin" are both statements of belief about love and jealousy, respectively. Sometimes, however, the theme cannot be easily determined from the title alone. For example, "The Raven" does not seem to bear a clear relationship to any particular belief or idea. However, this poem has been widely regarded as one of Edgar Allan Poe's best works because of its use of mystery, horror, and metaphor to convey an underlying message about mortality.
In general, literary works deal with concepts either directly or indirectly through examples, characters, situations, and so on.
The core and prevailing thought (or ideas) in a literary work. The phrase also refers to an underlying message or moral in any piece of art.
Examples: There are several central ideas in Homer's Iliad. First, the gods are important factors in people's lives. People should not insult the gods because if they do, they will not be helped by them. Second, men are very violent by nature. Even though the gods want them to settle their disputes peacefully, they cannot control themselves so there will always be fighting. Third, people should respect others' opinions even if they disagree with them.
In Shakespeare's Hamlet, the main theme is that everyone dies. Even though the prince tries to escape this fate, it catches up with him. Also, he doubts the justice system so it is good that he can think freely since he is going to die anyway.
In Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, the main theme is the value of courage. Even though most of the book describes how crazy things go down at sea, at the end of it all, what matters is that Captain Ahab has courage as he seeks revenge against the white whale that destroyed his leg.