An epithalamium (/, [email protected]'[email protected]/; Latin form of Greek epithalamion epithalamion from epi epi "upon," and thalamos thalamos nuptial chamber) is a poem written specifically for the bride on the way to her marital chamber. The term comes from the Greek epithalamion, which means "a song sung upon entering a house." It was usually done by a choir of men and women.
Epithalamions were originally poems written by friends or family members of the couple. But as time went on they began to be written by professionals, often composed by poets.
In ancient Greece, people didn't marry for love, they married because of money or social standing. The husband would give his wife a gift called an epithalamion before they married. This was like a present today but much more important back then. The epithalamion would contain a gift-like item that symbolized their marriage such as a ring or medal. Sometimes it also included a poem that sang out the couple's love for each other.
After the wedding ceremony people would go into the bridal chamber where wine and honeyed cakes were waiting for them. This was a celebration!
Today, epithalamia are still given as gifts before marriages, but they no longer include a poem because these days most people know how to write their own words of love.
An epithalamion is a poetry written for a bride and typically given to her on her wedding night. It is written in Greek deviration. Edmund Spencer originated the term prothalamion, which was the title of a poem he penned for Katherine and Elizabeth Somerset's weddings in 1596. Epithalamion gives rise to prothalamion.
Bride's parents give epithalamion to their daughter on her wedding day. It is customary for the couple to read it together later that evening after the wedding ceremony has ended. The epithalamion should be a part of the marriage license application too so that both parties understand its significance in the marriage contract.
Epithalamion poems are written by the husband-to-be for his wife-to-be and usually contain expressions of love and admiration. They often include metaphors relating love to other things such as wine, roses, or stars. As well, they may describe how the poet hopes to fulfill his wife's needs through marriage.
Some examples of epithalamions include: "Oh happy bride art thou/ That makest me thy lover dear./ Whose beauty shall forever be/ My joy, and pride, my star!" (from William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet) and "Love is like a red-rose; lovely to see but would stain the finger that took it.--Edmund Spenser" (from A Book of Epigrams).
Although strongly rooted in the classical tradition, Epithalamion derives its setting and some imagery from Ireland, the location of Edmund Spenser's wedding to Elizabeth Boyle. The poem imagines a marriage at sea between two nations: England and Ireland. It also alludes to the 1603 marriage agreement between Queen Elizabeth I and King James VI of Scotland.
Epithalamion was one of Spenser's earliest poems published during his lifetime. The title page states that it was "composed by Sir Henry Spenser, Knt., at Eltham, in Kent," but does not specify when. However, internal evidence suggests that it was written sometime before 1590, the year after Spenser married Katherine Parr, widow of Edward Seymour (duke of Somerset) and mother of Elizabeth I. They had one son together before Elizabeth annulled the marriage so she could marry Thomas Seymour (father of Jane Seymour, who would have been queen if not for her death).
Spenser wrote several other poems during this period, including Faerie Queene, which he began in 1590 and completed in 1596. He also translated Virgil's Eclogues into English verse.
Epithalamion belongs to a genre of poetry known as "marriage songs" or "wedding poems".
Epode is a poetic form made up of two lines that differ in structure and frequently in metre, with the second being shorter than the first. An epode is the third section of the three-part structure of Greek lyric odes, following the strophe and the antistrophe. The epode usually concludes with a tercet, which in turn gives rise to the French term "tercet".
Literary theorists have discussed at length the origin and development of the epode. Some believe it to be ancient, while others argue for its modern nature. What can be said with some certainty is that it was widely used by both Old and New Testaments poets.
In classical literature, the epode is found mainly in poems written in iambic meter, but it also appears in lyrics written in dactylic (10-syllable) meter and in hymns written in dactylic (12-syllable) meter. The epode is generally considered to be one of the most difficult genres of Classical Greek poetry to write well because it requires a great deal of skill in balancing repetition with variation. This difficulty may explain why it has rarely been achieved successfully after its inception.
In English literature, the epode first appeared around 1450 and was popular among all kinds of poets, from John Lydgate to William Wordsworth.
Epouse, la (f) spouse, the Noun. A married woman; a man's marital partner.
Origin: English, from Latin emancipata, freed, by derivation from epoque, from Gk. Ephuthein, to free.
Emancipation was originally granted as a gift or favor by a king or prince to someone who had been enslaved. It was not obtained by payment or contract. The term is now used more broadly to include any freeing, releasing, or giving up (of an animal, for example) that is not due to be done under legal or contractual obligation.
In ancient Rome, slaves were often given their freedom in return for serving in the army for a certain number of years. This type of emancipation is called military emancipation. Those freed this way were not considered equal to free persons and could not claim rights such as ownership of property or access to public offices.
Some slaves were able to buy their own freedom. This form of emancipation is called slave redemption. Those who sold themselves into slavery did so because they could not meet the requirements for military emancipation or because they wanted to try their luck at something else after being denied freedom several times.