The Tavern (The House of Wine) is a collection of 135 "quatrains": four-line poems (Ru'i) by Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907–2003). They address various themes, including love, life, and religion. The book was first published in 1970 by Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan as part of their Bachchan Series.
Bachchan wrote each quatrain in one sitting on the basis of a brief which only mentioned the subject matter. He never revised any of the poems after they were written.
Harivansh's father, Shivram Shankar Chaturvedi, owned a wine shop and bar in Delhi. When Harivansh was only eight years old, his father died. After this tragedy, Bachchan quit school and started working to support his family. He worked as a clerk in a government office while writing poetry during his spare time.
Bachchan's mother wanted him to get married so that she would not be alone after the death of her husband. But he refused to get married because he felt that marriage was against Indian culture and tradition. Instead, he devoted himself to writing poetry.
Later, he received a proposal from a famous poet named Sarojini Naidu to write poems for her.
Bachchan's trilogy was inspired by Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat, which he had previously translated into Hindi. He saw the possibility of utilizing drinking as a lyrical metaphor for liberation via his translations of Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat. The original version of Khayyam's work is an 11th-century Persian poetical collection of 700 quatrains that deal with life's problems, love, war, politics, religion and other subjects. It has been called "the first modern poetry book".
Kabir was a 13th-century Indian mystic and religious leader who founded the path of Sufism. He preached against materialism and advocated a spiritual approach to life. His teachings continue to influence people around the world.
Sufism is an Islamic philosophy that focuses on achieving enlightenment through faith in God and meditation practices. It arose in what is now Pakistan and India over 800 years ago.
Bachchan decided to write his own version of the poem because he felt that the original one was too difficult to understand for common readers. He also wanted to explore the possibilities of using drinking as a metaphor for liberation through his lyrics.
The Madrigal is a musical genre for voices that sets largely secular poetry in two epochs: the first in the 14th century, and the second in the 16th and early 17th centuries. 1520 until the early decades of the seventeenth century, Spain was under the rule of several different kingdoms or states. These periods are called the Ancien Régime.
During this time, literature and art were mainly focused on telling stories from history or mythology. There were no rules when it came to writing lyrics; poets could use any word they wanted as long as they didn't contain any profanity. Lyrics were only used as an aid for remembering the story or event being described in the text.
It wasn't until late in the Ancien Régime that musicians began setting poems to music. Before this time, people wrote songs but never really thought about notating them. So, these early musicians just played what they believed to be appropriate for the poem's words.
People started writing more elaborate poems with strong rhythms and melodies around 1520. These poems were called "madrigals". The term comes from the Italian word for "muse", who was the goddess of inspiration. Therefore, a "madrigal" was a song set to a poetic melody inspired by the muse.
These early madrigals were mostly monody.
Prior to the arrival of Islam, the city was known as Yathrib, but Muhammad himself renamed it. It is the Islamic Prophet Muhammad's burial location and the second holiest city in Islam after Mecca.
Maddison means "Maud's daughter" and "battle strength" (from Germanic "maht" = strength/might + "hiltja" = battle). It is also the English version of the Welsh name Mairgant.
Mairgant was originally a male name that became popular among females in medieval Wales. The name may have been introduced by Irish settlers who often worked as mercenaries in medieval Wales. The name comes from the Gaelic word maire gannt, which means "the son of the king." It was once used as a first name among the Scottish royal family.
Maddison is the English interpretation of the Welsh name Mairgant. It was originally a male name that became popular among females in medieval Wales.
Madhavi is a Hindi-originated Hindu girl's name with many meanings. Madhavi means "Sweet; Honey; A Creeper with Beautiful Flowers; Springtime; Yayati's Daughter." Madhavi's popularity and ranking is 2379 out of 29430 Hindu names.
People with the name Madhavi include:
* An Indian model and actress
From the late 1990s to early 2000s, Madhavi was one of the most popular female models in India. Now she is also known for her acting career.
She has appeared in more than 20 films since 2001. Her famous film titles include Pataakha (2001), Shubh Mangal Savadhan (2002), Bhoolunga (2003), and Sautela Sivani (2006).
In 2007, she received attention when she joined the protest movement against the government's introduction of new religious laws. She was arrested several times during these protests.
In 2008, she participated in the reality show Bigg Boss which is based on the concept of celebrity duos competing against each other in a variety of challenges for cash prizes.
After finishing school, young women often join the workforce to support themselves and their families. However, many Indian girls decide to pursue further education or take up skilled jobs.
Madinah is an Arabic term that simply meaning "city." Muslims around the world celebrate 'Madinah Month' in the last month of Ramadhan.
Madinah has been important for Islam since its founding days. Muhammad ordered his followers to migrate from Yathrib to a new town called Medinah, which means "trust" or "confidence". This migration marked the beginning of Muslim life outside of Arabia, since many people didn't believe Islam could bring about change. During this time Muslims lived under the protection of Allah (God) and received guidance from Him through their prophet. Today this city is one of the most important centers of Islamic learning and is where some of Islam's most influential figures are buried.
In addition to being the place of Muhammad's death and burial, Medinah is also the name of the country where he was born. Today, there is only one country named Saudi Arabia, but when Muhammad's followers migrated they found themselves in several different countries with different governments and laws. To help them understand their rights as migrants and create a community, Muhammad established six cities along the route of migration. These cities became important sites of religious learning for centuries afterward.
According to legend, Madurai was once a forest called Kadambavanam. Many visitors from Rome and Greece came to Madurai to trade with the Pandya rulers. Madurai prospered until the Cholas, the Pandyas' archrivals, seized it in the 10th century AD. The city then declined until 1559, when the forces of Elara, a feudatory of Vijayanagar, defeated those of the Pandyas at Battle of Pollilur. After this victory, Elara's son Achuthappa married the Pandyavarahan's daughter and united the two kingdoms.
In modern times, Madurai has become well-known for its temples, especially the temple complex at Thanjavur. Built by the Nayak kings of south India, it is regarded as one of the greatest religious sites in existence. In 1760, during the reign of the Thirumalai Nayak, most of the stones used in building the complex were transported from here to Thanjavur, 25 miles away. The work was completed within five years.
Madurai is also known for its annual festival, the Madhurianatha Perunthali. It is held every year in April/May in honor of the goddess Meenakshi. The festival includes music, dance, and exhibitions of martial arts.