A "technical report" is a document created by a researcher that details the outcomes of a study and is delivered to the project's sponsor. TRs are not peer-reviewed until and until they are published in a peer-reviewed journal. However, technical reports often include detailed methods sections that can help other researchers reproduce results or develop similar studies.
The purpose of a technical report is generally to provide information for decision makers. As such, technical reports are usually concise and focused. They may also include tables and figures to enhance comprehension. Technical reports should be written in a clear and simple language and neither use complex vocabulary nor scientific terminology unless it helps convey the message being sent. For example, someone who conducts research on heart disease would not use the term "atherosclerosis" when describing their work, since this term is used to describe problems with blood vessels; instead, they might say that they are studying the effects of X on changes in Y behavior.
Technical reports are different from scholarly articles. Scholarly articles are published papers that undergo peer review before being accepted for publication. These papers may focus on any topic within the limits set by their field. For example, a scientist researching heart disease might write about the effects of cholesterol on the blood vessel walls using techniques such as animal experiments and clinical trials. Technical reports, on the other hand, are usually shorter and cover only one specific subject.
A technical report (also known as a scientific report) is a document that details the process, progress, or outcomes of technical or scientific research, as well as the current condition of a technical or scientific research challenge. It may also incorporate research-based suggestions and findings. Technical reports are used by scientists to communicate information regarding their work to other researchers and to peers who can influence their work or provide feedback.
Technical reports are different from journal articles in that they are generally not peer reviewed before publication. This means that they may include errors that would be corrected if they were found by others. Also, because technical reports are aimed at a specific audience, they will usually be written to explain concepts or techniques without explaining all possible applications of them. For example, a researcher might publish a technical report detailing a new method for analyzing microarray data without considering whether it could be applied to any other datasets.
Technical reports are typically longer than journal articles because they include extensive references to other studies or reports that help explain the research being presented. These other studies or reports often form the basis for further research conducted by others. For this reason, technical reports are important resources for scientists interested in exploring particular topics within their fields of study.
According to the National Institute of Science and Technology, research reports contain preliminary results of research projects that have not been published elsewhere.
Definition A technical report (also known as a scientific report) is a written document that details the method, progress, or outcomes of technical or scientific study. Technical reports are often written to address a specific research requirement. They can be used by themselves for documentation purposes or they may be part of a larger project.
There are two main types of technical reports: theoretical and applied. Theoretical reports focus on providing new insights into existing topics or fields through research. Applied reports take this one step further and provide practical solutions for real-world problems through research. Both types of reports aim to inform about findings that could not be included in other documents (for example, journal articles).
The purpose of a technical report is to share knowledge about a particular subject. Therefore, technical reports should be well written and contain sufficient detail so that others can understand them. They should also be self-contained so that someone who has never seen the report before can read it without needing any other documents or references. Technical reports that do not meet these requirements might be difficult to read and/or follow. Also, technical reports that try to cover too much content per page run the risk of being hard to read!
In addition to meeting these general guidelines, different types of technical reports have specific requirements to fulfill.