Worcester Journal of Berrow's The Evolution of British Newspapers Berrow's Worcester Journal, which began as the Worcester Postman in 1690 and was published on a regular basis beginning in 1709, is thought to be the earliest surviving English newspaper. It has been claimed that it is also the first, but this has not been officially recognized.
The newspaper contained news about events in and around Worcester, reports from Parliament, as well as advertisements for local businesses. It was also used to publish letters from readers. The editor's name has been given by some researchers as "Mr Tickel", but this has not been confirmed by any other source. He signed himself with the pseudonym "Gentleman", which was probably an assumed one. There are no known photographs of him, so there is no way to identify him beyond this assumption.
In 1760, William Gifford, who had previously worked at London newspapers like The Public Advertiser and The Daily Gazetteer, started the Worcester Journal as its editor. Under his guidance, it became one of the most respected newspapers in Britain. In 1843, he sold the paper to Edward Lloyd and it remained under their control until 1899, when it was purchased by George Drew. The Drew family owned it until 1960, when it was acquired by the Thomson Corporation. They in turn were bought out by the News Group, who now own it entirely.
It is the world's oldest English-language general daily newspaper still in print, having originally appeared in 1737. The 18th century witnessed the gradual growth of the exclusively political magazine, alongside journals primarily devoted to internal and international news, and business. Newspapers became an important tool for politicians to express their views to the public. They could not be ignored by voters.
In addition to reporting news about government policies and politics, newspapers also printed articles on science, sports, entertainment, travel, and anything else that might interest their audiences. Some papers had large sections written specifically for humor or satire. Others published letters from readers, which are now known as "editorials". Newspaper editors often played an influential role in politics by choosing which candidates to support or criticize, for example. They could also influence public opinion by publishing articles that were considered well-written or not-so-well-written, thus inspiring readers to think for themselves.
Newspapers were a major source of information for people who were unable to read themselves. This includes illiterate citizens who could ask questions of literate officials, and travelers who were away from home for long periods of time.
Finally, newspapers served as a way for people to learn about things going on in the world around them. For example, a woman living in rural England may have been unaware of recent events in London until she heard about them in the newspaper.
The London Gazette is one of the first and oldest surviving British "newspapers." It was initially published on November 7, 1665, as The Oxford Gazette. The Gentleman's Magazine was the first general-interest magazine, originally published in 1731 in London. It included articles on science, history, literature, and politics that were not suitable for publication in the more formal newspapers of the time.
In Scotland, a newspaper was first published in Edinburgh in 1712 called The Scots Magazine or Edinburgh Literary Journal. It was written by Scottish poets and authors including James Thomson (poet), Robert Burns (poet), and Walter Scott (writer).
In Ireland, a newspaper was first published in Dublin in 1720 called The Irish Daily Post. It was written primarily by members of the Irish House of Commons and others interested in politics. This was the first daily newspaper in Europe.
The first newspaper in the United States was the Boston News-Letter, which was published from 1807 to 1811. It was written by and for Americans living in Massachusetts who were dissatisfied with the quality of journalism at the time. After its failure, another paper called The National Intelligencer was started but it also failed after only six months.
The longest-running newspaper in the world
18th-Century Newspapers The release of the first English daily newspaper, the Daily Courant, on March 11, 1702, was the first and most significant event of the new century. For newspapers, the 18th century was a time of invention and progress. One hundred years earlier, in 1665, Henry Parker had published the first issue of England's first newspaper, the London Gazette, but it was not considered important enough to warrant a second edition. In 1702, Edward Lloyd established the Daily Courant, which became one of the largest dailies in London. Other prominent early 19th-century newspapers included The Times, which was founded in 1814, the Morning Chronicle, which began publication in 1829, and the Daily Mail, which started out as Avant-Garde Magazine in 1896.
19th-Century Newspapers The modern newspaper evolved from the monthly magazine, which was first published in Britain in 1828. Like its predecessor, it consisted of articles on diverse topics, such as history, science, politics, and sports. The main difference between the two publications was that the editor of a monthly magazine was required to write all the articles himself or herself, while this task was shared among several people for a newspaper. The first person known to have written for more than one newspaper is John Nicholson, who wrote for The Times and the Saturday Review from 1830 to 1831.