Samizdat, public press, press, underground press, news media.
All forms of printed matter except book publishers' samples and official documents. Printed matter includes magazines, newspapers, periodicals, journals, brochures, flyers, advertisements, catalogs, recipes, and books. Books include fiction, non-fiction, manuals, dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, and comics.
Printed matter is a medium for communicating information and ideas from one person to another. It consists of written or printed words, images, or both. Some examples of printed matter are newspapers, magazines, journals, diaries, blogs, and books. Media such as radio and television can also be considered forms of printed matter because they communicate information and ideas to their audience. However, they do so with the help of engineers who program signals into discs or tapes that can be read by computers, so they are more accurate than most human endeavors at measuring time.
Media have many different forms, including books, films, audio recordings, video tapes, CDs, floppy disks, computer hard drives, and paper.
Local and national news are both important for any democracy to function properly. Local news is essential for informing citizens about issues affecting their lives while national news covers larger topics that impact many people.
Citizens need to know what's going on in their communities as well as across the country or world. Local newspapers publish local news while national newspapers cover national issues. Newspapers may also have foreign affairs coverage which can be national or international in scope.
The term "national news" has been used by journalists since at least 1885 when it was first used by The New York Times to describe news from outside its own region. Today, national news includes all major public events and controversies across the country or around the world. Some examples of national news include elections, wars, natural disasters, and cultural events.
Regional newspapers such as city papers and community magazines also report on local news but they do not cover national issues. National news stories may also appear in specialty newspapers such as business journals or science magazines. These articles often carry more weight due to their subject matter.
Publication or broadcast communication. Periodicals, mass media, and news. These are all names for the same thing: publications or broadcasts that reach a large audience.
Media can be classified by many different characteristics. One common classification is based on how the message is delivered: public or private. Media used to communicate with the public include newspapers, magazines, radio, television, the Internet, and flyers. Media used solely for personal communication include letters, emails, and voicemail. Some media may have both public and private uses; for example, a newspaper can be read privately at home but also has an editorial page that communicates a particular view point publicly.
Another classification of media is based on the number of people who receive the message: one-to-one or one-to-many. Personal relationships are often described as "one-to-one" because each letter that is sent out, only one reply is received. Broadcast media such as radio and television can be one-to-many because only one message is sent but it reaches many people at once. Public events such as rallies and demonstrations can be one-to-many because everyone attending the event receives the message.
The news media are those aspects of the mass media that focus on conveying news to the general public or a specific audience. Print media (newspapers and magazines), broadcast news (radio and television), and, more recently, the Internet are examples (online newspapers, news blogs, etc.). The term "news" can be used in a broad sense to include any type of information that is new or recent, but it is usually restricted to describe events that have not yet been published by others. News includes both public affairs events that attract attention from the media as well as private matters that affect individuals.
Newspapers are published daily or weekly; magazines, monthly. Newspapers are generally longer than magazines. Both print and broadcast news are edited for clarity and concision. Some articles may be written exclusively for the web. Others may appear in several locations simultaneously, such as a magazine article in the Sunday paper that also appears online.
Broadcast news comes from radio stations, TV channels, and satellite services that transmit audio and video signals to receivers tuned to their frequencies. Radio news involves covering entertainment events, political campaigns, local activities, and important issues surrounding health, science, religion, business, and education. Broadcast journalists report on news events and provide commentary on current affairs topics before, during, and after the event. They may interview experts on issues before them or discuss popular culture trends with their own opinions.
What's another way to say "news media"?
Journalism is the collecting, organization, and dissemination of news—including feature articles and commentary—via a wide range of print and non-print media venues. The term covers various types of publications that provide information about current events or issues of interest to readers.
It is a form of journalism that dates back to at least 1780 when Edward Irving started the first newspaper in America, the New York Journal. Today, newspapers are printed in different formats: daily and weekly; local and national; in color or black and white. Some focus on specific topics such as sports, business, or politics while others offer a broad spectrum of content including advertising, entertainment, and opinion. Yet all newspapers aim to deliver the latest news about things that affect readers' lives each day.
The term journalism has been used to describe the work of journalists since at least 1836 when William Cobbett wrote in his Political Register that "the political journal is called a newspaper." But it was not until after the American Revolution that the first newspapers were founded and they did not use the term journalism to describe their work. Rather, they were called "gazettes" or "newsletters." These publications delivered short items on military affairs or other current events of interest to their subscribers.
They cover sports, politics, technology, and scientific news, as well as local, national, and worldwide news, birth announcements, and entertainment news about fashion, celebrities, and movies. Parents nowadays grew up with this form of printed media. Newspaper journalists write articles that are then edited by other journalists before being published. Television newscasts are similar to newspaper articles; however, they usually last longer (1-3 minutes) and include video clips.
Newspaper reporters ask questions and seek out sources from which they can obtain information for their stories. The reporter may interview people who were involved in an incident or interviewed on television news shows. He or she might also visit places where events occurred to get first-hand information from those involved. Reporters use their knowledge of the world around them and its people to come up with story ideas. Sometimes they are given topics or issues by their editors/management teams to research and report on.
Television newscasts are prepared by a staff of journalists who work under the direction of a news director. They produce daily reports covering news items of interest to viewers. These reports often include interviews with experts on subjects related to the news at hand as well as footage of important locations and events.
Internet news sites publish news articles written by freelance journalists. Some articles are produced in-house while others may be commissioned by a company or individual.