Western literature, often known as European literature, is literature composed in the framework of Western civilization in European languages, including those of the Indo-European language family and many geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian. It has been produced by authors living in Europe or in emigrants from Europe to other parts of the world.
In addition to these two categories, there are also Asian literatures written in languages such as Chinese and Japanese. However, since most Asians live outside of Europe and North America, these two regions account for nearly all modern literary works.
Europeans began writing down their experiences and thoughts about life around them. First, they wrote poems and songs, which were then put into books called bards' books. Over time, these poems and stories were added to with other people's material, so that we now have some of the most important literary works of all time. Shakespeare, Cervantes, Milton, Dante, Goethe, Schiller, Austen, Dickens, Tolstoy, Chekhov, and Pasternak are just a few of the famous names associated with European literature.
Books had an amazing impact on society with ideas, movements, and changes being brought to the surface for discussion. For example, the Renaissance was fueled by an interest in classical texts, resulting in new ways of thinking about art, science, and politics.
The Classical period in European literature
Literature from Europe includes writing in English, Spanish, French, and Italian. Literature from Latin America includes writing in English, Spanish, and Portuguese.
Literature from Africa includes writing in English, French, and Portuguese.
The term "literature" refers to written art or expression created by humans. It can include poems, stories, biographies, novels, essays, plays, lyrics, and treatises. Artistic works of any kind are called literary works, regardless of their form or material they are made of. Non-artistic works which have a narrative structure that can be told in sentences composed of words (rather than symbols) are considered writings; for example, histories, biographies, and autobiographies are all considered forms of literature. Music is often associated with poetry because of their common preoccupation with sound and silence; however, music alone is not considered literature. Neither are paintings or drawings. The term "literary work" may also apply to non-textual works intended to provide insight into the world or human nature such as philosophical texts, manifestos, and books of prayers.
What exactly is the core of English literature? English Literature is the study of works published in English from all over the world. Literature, in general, refers to several sorts of text, such as novels, nonfiction, poetry, and plays, among others. The term comes from the Latin word for "writing," which in turn comes from the Greek word for "drawing out" or "handling a pen." Thus, literature is anything written down by someone using ink on paper.
In university courses, you will often find that literature is divided up into different periods of time called "eras." These eras begin with the ancient world and go up to the modern day. Some common eras are the Ancient World, Renaissance Humanism, Enlightenment, Romanticism, and Contemporary Life.
Students of English literature will be required to read many different types of texts. There are fiction books, like novels and short stories; non-fiction books, such as history, biography, and magazine articles; and poetry. In addition, students will need to read textbooks, reference materials, and even encyclopedias when studying their chosen fields of interest within English literature.
Students who take classes in English literature may be asked to write essays, review papers, and reports. These documents are important tools for teachers to measure student understanding of the material being studied.
The term "modern European literature" refers to literature with a European flavor. "Modern" may be traced back to the beginnings of Western philosophy, which began with the Greeks (500BC). Indeed, everything following the Roman Empire (and the arrival of Christianity) is seen as "modern." During this time frame, many important figures emerged who have had a profound influence on future writers.
European literature during this period is diverse. From Greek poetry and drama to medieval French prose, every style of writing is found across Europe. However, certain themes begin to appear that define European literature as we know it today. Modern European literature is characterized by realism, subjectivity, skepticism, intellectual freedom, democracy, and capitalism.
Realism in literature can be defined as the attempt to represent life as it is experienced by ordinary people. In order to do this, realists use documents from history, personal letters, memoirs, interviews, and even notes written by characters in the story. History is an important source of information for writers because it offers evidence of past events that can be used to create stories with meaning and relevance for today's readers. Thus, historians play an important role in the development of literature.
Subjectivity in literature means that the author's view of reality is reflected in his or her work. Many authors feel strongly about certain issues such as love, loss, grief, hatred, and justice and they express these feelings through their stories.
Foreign literature studies are concerned with the thorough study of literature published in the language of the nation in which it was written, including the study of the geographical and historical circumstances in which it was written. This body of work is known as world literature.
In general usage, foreign literature is that written in languages other than English. However many critics include English language writings by British or American authors in their definitions of foreign literature because they were originally published in foreign languages. These include most novels by Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Henry James, D. H. Lawrence, Virginia Woolf, and Joseph Conrad.
English has become the world's leading language, so much so that many scholars now consider English-language literature to be a separate field of study called Anglophone literature or even Anglo-American literature.
Besides English, other widely spoken languages worldwide are French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian, and Japanese. Most modern literary works are produced in one or more of these languages; indeed, many countries' literary histories can only be told in detail from about 1800 onward because before then most writing was done in local languages rather than in Latin or Greek (the ancient languages used for serious scholarship until well into the 19th century).