Sonnet No. 18 "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" is a standard English sonnet, sometimes known as a Shakespearean or Elizabethan sonnet. This form is composed of three quatrains with the rime ABAB CDCD EFEF and a couplet with the rime GG. It was probably written by William Shakespeare and first published in 1609.
The poem is about the inconstancy of human love and describes the beauty of a woman compared to the frailty of human flesh. The poet asks if his lover will remember him after he has been replaced by another man. He concludes that although she may forget him for someone else, she will not do so forever because she is immortal like love itself.
This sonnet is often considered one of Shakespeare's better poems and is included in many school anthologies. It was also set to music by Henry Purcell and George Frideric Handel among others.
It has been suggested that the poem may have inspired Goethe when writing his own sonnets. Some scholars believe this to be the case but there is no evidence to support this assertion.
Shakespeare wrote several other poems in the 1590s using the same rhyme scheme as Sonnet 18. Some scholars believe they are related to each other thematically while others consider them independent works by the same author. Either way, they are important contributions to early modern poetry.
Sonnet 18 is a conventional English or Shakespearean sonnet, with 14 lines in iambic pentameter divided into three quatrains and a couplet. It also contains the usual rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. It also has a volta, or change in topic matter, beginning with the third quatrain. The first two quatrains are about love, while the third deals with death.
The sonnet was probably written by Shakespeare as early as 1598. It may have been written as a reply to a similar poem called "On the Death of Love" by an unidentified poet. Critics believe that it was probably written for someone named Anne Hathaway, who married Shakespeare five years later. Although they never met face-to-face, they came from neighboring towns, so they would have seen each other at social occasions such as weddings and funerals.
Shakespeare's sonnets were popular among his contemporaries. Some poets of his time used them as models for their own work. Others simply liked reading them for pleasure. Today, Shakespere's sonnets are read and appreciated by many people around the world.
Shakespeare uses Sonnet 18 to extol his beloved's attractiveness and to express how their beauty is preferable than a sunny day. The overriding topic of this poem is the constancy of love and its potential to immortalize someone. Love makes mortals of us all and while we may never know exactly what Shakespeare and his loved one were thinking or feeling, we can assume that they were alone at some point during their hour together on Earth.
Sonnet 18 has been interpreted as an elegy for Shakespeare's dead friend Francis Bacon, who had also been Prince Henry's companion. However, there is no hard evidence supporting this theory; instead, it is more likely that both men were just celebrating the beauty they saw around them.
In conclusion, Sonnet 18 praises the beauty of its subject and expresses how much she is worth fighting for. It is clear from this poem that Shakespeare was well aware of the danger posed by time to those who love each other, so he urges his friend to make every moment with her count because "time will tell" on whom the victory lies.
William Shakespeare used the sonnet in his own love poetry, following the sonnet pattern established by the English poets Wyatt and Surrey. The English or Shakespearean sonnet structure consists of three quatrains and a closing couplet. The rhyming system is a straightforward ABAB CDCD EFEF GG structure. Sonnets are traditionally written in iambic pentameter, which means that each line contains five feet: an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one. Although modern writers often use other meters, such as tetrameter or hexameter, only iambic pentameter yields true rhymes.
Shakespeare's sonnets share many characteristics with Italian poems called canzoni. Both genres began as sequences of poems directed at a single individual, but later became popular among groups of friends or patrons. Like the sonnets, canzones follow a formal structure consisting of three parts: an opening, a middle section called a vignette, and a closing. The opening and closing sections are identical; only the middle section changes from poem to poem. The Italian word for "canzone" is used because both the opening and closing sections of these poems are sung.
In addition to having a common ancestor, the sonnet and the canzone also share some traits with French poems called balades. Like the sonnet and the canzone, a balade has three sections: an introduction, a central part called a morceau, and an epilogue.
Sonnet 73, one of William Shakespeare's 154 sonnets, deals with the issue of old age. The sonnet is addressed to the "beautiful youngster." Each of the three quatrains incorporates a metaphor: fall, the passage of time, and the extinguishing of a fire. Each metaphor suggests a different way for the young guy to perceive the poet. In the first quatrain, he is likened to a beautiful boy who has just begun to grow up. Since beauty tends to disappear as people age, this guy might think that the poet will soon stop being attractive.
The second quatrain tells him that the poet does not want to be mistaken for someone else. This refers to the fact that many older men look like young guys who have grown up. Therefore, the young guy should not assume that because the poet is old, he must be ugly too.
In the third quatrain, the poet asks his young admirer not to let himself be deceived by the apparent destruction of his beauty. He says that although old men can still be handsome, in his case it is not true. The guy should not take the poet at his word but check it out for himself.
Overall, Sonnet 73 tells the young guy to trust his own eyes instead of relying on what others say about the poet.
The Sonnet extols the youth's attractiveness and demeanor, likening him to a summer day. The sonnet then immortalizes the youngster with its "eternal verses." The first phrase establishes the contrast of youth to a summer day. The second phrase explains that this beauty will be remembered forever because "verse" can only describe a person who is alive.
Central idea number one: Youth is fleeting; beauty is mortal. Beauty must be loved and enjoyed while you can because one day it will be gone forever.
Shakespeare's sonnet "Sonnet 138" Shakespearean sonnets are subject to a complex and exacting set of formal restrictions. They are 14 lines long and composed in a stanza. They are also composed in iambic pentameter and follow a certain rhyme pattern. The first line ends with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, the second line ends with a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one, and so forth. Finally, each quatrain (the four lines of a sonnet) ends with an incomplete enjambment, meaning that the final line ends with a partial word or phrase rather than a complete one.
These elements together form a rigid structure that ensures that every sonnet contains the same number of words, has the same metrical rhythm, and uses the same rhyming patterns as any other. This is why it is easy to assign sonnets to their authors based on stylistic similarities alone. For example, many scholars believe that Shakespeare wrote some of his own poems because they show such clear signs of revision; others poems, including "Sonnet 138", seem to have been quickly written as responses to events of the time.
In addition to these common features, most sonnets also share a central theme that focuses on love. This theme is expressed in different ways throughout the poem but can be found at its heart in almost all cases.