Philip Larkin's "Toads" delves into the constraints of ordinary existence. Throughout, he employs a frog to represent the dual stresses in his life. This is a nine-stanza poem divided into four-line sections known as quatrains. The usage of repetition at the beginning of lines should also be noted by the reader. These repeated words or phrases serve as cues that link the different parts of the poem together.
In version C, which is the most common version today, the last line of each section is modified by adding "ly" to it. For example, the first quatrain ends with these three words: "little / brown / frogs." In version B, the last line of each section remains unchanged. Thus, version B ends with these three words: "little / brown / frogs / ly."
Frogs have been associated with chaos and uncertainty since ancient times. They were often used to symbolize the transience of life because they disappear when you turn your back on them. Larkin was aware of this meaning but he also used them to represent himself and his situation. He was little and brown - i.e., underprivileged compared to other children - and he felt like a frog among toads, or more accurately, like two frogs among little brown frogs.
Larkin's father was an English professor who taught at University College London. Although he didn't make much money, he did provide his son with a comfortable upbringing.
Workplace life and boredom Toads Revisited is a sequel poem to Toads (published in 1954), which presents work as a trap that requires fortitude to escape. It was written by American poet Allen Ginsberg.
The poem begins with a statement of intent: "To make clear the truth about work and its hold over our lives." It then goes on to describe how people are trapped by their jobs, often without knowing it. Ginsberg claims that this is what makes work seem like a punishment rather than a means of earning a living.
He also states that people try to escape from work but find it difficult because they lack motivation. This leads him to conclude that everyone wants something more out of life but no one has the courage to do anything about it.
In conclusion, Ginsberg states that work is a trap that keeps us confined between heaven and earth, where we are never free to go beyond.
Some scholars have interpreted Toads Revisited as a critique of capitalism, while others see it as a commentary on nuclear weapons development. However, the main theme that runs through both poems is that of resistance against authority.
Ginsberg wrote Toads Revisited in June 1995, just months before his death.
Larkin opens the poem by presenting the first toad, "Why should I let the toad work/Squat on my life?" (1-2) Work is considered to be equal to the first toad. The usage of this metaphor refreshes one's recall of the social implications associated with a toad. It is unworthy and beneath a human being to be treated as a piece of equipment. One must allow oneself to be exploited only if one chooses to do so.
The second toad asks a similar question but with different words: "Why shouldn't I let the toad work / My life away?" (4-5). Here the word "why" functions as an exclamation rather than a question. It makes sense for someone who has found success in life to deny assistance to a fellow creature. This person could be described as selfish or uncaring.
The last stanza repeats the same question with different words but still uses the first person pronoun ("I"). In this case, the question refers to another person rather than oneself. The poet is asking why it is necessary for another human being to suffer while you enjoy yourself.
This question brings to mind two answers that apply to most people: fear and love. Many people refuse to help others out of fear that they will be hurt themselves or because they do not want to increase their own workload.
Poetry in stanzas of three lines each, with a regular rhyme scheme, is known as an "end-rhymed" poem. Most end-rhymed poems are sonnets or sestets. Sonnets usually have 14 lines and sestets 15. Within these forms, there are many variations on the sonnet and sestet theme.
End-rhymed poetry was very popular in the English language between 1400 and 1700. During this time period, poets such as John Donne, Michael Drayton, and William Shakespeare were prolific writers of end-rhymed poems. Today, many people think of Shakespeare as the greatest writer of end-rhymed poetry, but he was not the first poet to use this form. Donne and Drayton also wrote numerous sonnets and sestets. After 1700, the practice of writing end-rhymed poems fell out of favor. Although some modern poets have returned to this form, they do not receive much attention from critics or readers.
This poem tells the story of a frog who takes advantage of a nightingale to make money. It demonstrates how the frog's poor training leads to the nightingale's death. Once upon a time, in a forest named Bingle Bog, a frog croaked. Other animals despise his voice, yet they are all obliged to listen. Even though he is ugly and stinks, a little bird comes to eat him because there is nothing else for it to eat. However, the moment the bird goes away, he wants to be beautiful and sing like a nightingale.
Frogs and nightingales were friends. They used to live together in peace until the day the frog learned how to talk. He taught this talent to some other frogs, and then everyone wanted to be able to speak. So the frog kingdom began to fall apart since only humans can really sing and no one else will share their food with them. In the end, the frog who couldn't stop talking killed his friend, the nightingale. Then he tried to hide behind a leaf, but the moon saw him through and so did the rest of the world. Now he spends his life alone, eating insects.
This short story tells us that even if you know what you're doing, you can still get into trouble. Always remember that people will use anything against you, including your own family. This story also shows that being smart doesn't always help you solve problems. Sometimes you have to be lucky too.