At dark, the speaker protests the plight of South African blacks in Soweto. In Soweto, nightfall represents horror. It is the start of the instability, dread, and aggression that will last all night. The Apartheid regime in South Africa serves as the backdrop for this poetry. They use night as a metaphor for black oppression.
Blacks were banned from many towns and cities in South Africa after World War II. This was part of President F. W. de Klerk's policy of "separate development". The aim was to have separate white and black schools, hospitals, and other public services. This would help break down racial divisions between whites and blacks.
The policy did not work out as planned. Many black people were still denied access to these facilities because they were not allowed into them. This caused many tensions to rise up between blacks and whites. There were several incidents of violence against both blacks and whites by either group. For example, there was a riot in Soweto in 1976 where more than 70 people died. This is when Daniel Malan, then Minister of Bantu Education, announced the end of the ban on urban black education.
Malan hoped that allowing blacks into white schools would help integrate them into mainstream society. But it wasn't long before black students started facing racism there too. That is why the speaker in this poem feels unsafe at night in Soweto.
Be inventive and amusing while being genuine to the character. Loading... Nightfall in Soweto is only concerned with the white minority's persecution of South Africa's black majority. That poem was motivating. Following that is a poem on racial inequality in South Africa. It's called "A Dream Deferred."
Night falls over Soweto. The streets go quiet, except for the occasional car or truck passing by. In the distance, you can hear the noise of partygoers spilling out of pubs and clubs. But here in this neighborhood, there are no parties - just silence. This is what life is like for most people in Soweto.
South Africa's apartheid policy divided it into unequal groups based on race: Black people were denied many rights and privileges granted to whites. There was one major street in Soweto called Main Street. On one side of the street were all-black neighborhoods. On the other side were all-white neighborhoods. Children had no choice about which side of the street they lived on. If they were black, then they could not go to the expensive private schools made exclusively for white children.
In Nightfall in Soweto, William Carlos Williams describes how the night falls over Soweto. He uses this as a metaphor for the oppression of blacks under white rule.
Soweto is an abbreviation for South-West Townships, and it is located to the west of Johannesburg. It is home to some of the world's greatest slum populations and serves as the scene for Mtshali's poetry. In conclusion, nightfall arrives like "a feared sickness" (line 2) that wreaks havoc beyond repair (inf. line 5).
Mtshali is a contemporary Zimbabwean poet and writer. His work has been described as challenging both culturally and linguistically.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997. He is one of only two black writers (the other being Ngugi wa Thiong'o from Tanzania) to have won this prize.
Nightfall is a collection of ten poems written by Mtshali. The book was published in 1977 when he was just 24 years old. It is regarded as a seminal work in the development of modern-day Zimbabwean poetry.
In addition to his work as a poet, Mtshali is also known for writing political essays and novels that focus on social issues such as poverty, unemployment, and corruption. He has been imprisoned several times for his activism.
Mtshali was born on April 26, 1945 in Gokwe, then part of British-ruled Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
Ans. The poem discusses the dread of darkness and how to overcome it. It also shows that even though we are afraid of the dark, there is no need to be scared of it.
Douglas Quotations Oppression, like dusk, does not arrive all at once. In both cases, there is a twilight when everything appears to be unaltered, and it is during this twilight that we must all be most conscious of any shift in the air—however slight—lest we become unknowing victims of darkness.
To Night depicts Shelley's great longing for the night, which he personifies in the poem. The poem is a fantastic example of Shelley's ability to label his own mythologies. Not only has Night been personified and brought to life before us, but so have Day, Sleep, and Death.
Shelley used mythology and poetry as a means of expressing his feelings about life and death. In this case, he is saying that he longs for night because it represents peace and quiet after the chaos of day. However, since night also brings with it sleep and death, he realizes that even though he wants darkness, he should not hope for it completely.
Since "Night" is being addressed by "You", we can assume that it is someone close to Shelley. This could be a friend or family member. He/she is probably wondering why Shelley would want to speak of darkness at night when there are so many other things that need doing around the house.
Many of these words and phrases are normal ones that we usually don't think much about. But, if you look them up in a dictionary, you will see that they have special meanings for poets like Shelley.
(ii) The poet hears a cricket singing. At midday, he notices a midnight glow and a purple glow. Evenings are abundant with linnet wings. All of this makes him happy and provides him peace of mind.
(i) The poet sees an old man fishing in a lake on which are growing three kinds of flower: one red, one white, and one blue.
He also sees young girls dancing and laughing, and people gathering fruits from trees. All of this makes him happy and gives him hope for the future.