The Berne Convention, which mentions "copies" in article 3 (3), where "published works" are defined, also supports the definition of "publishing" as "distribution of copies to the wider public with the permission of the author.".
The act or process of creating and selling (a printed item) to the general audience. A printed product intended for sale or distribution (such as a book or magazine). A noun is publication. A verb is publish.
A publication is any output that is designed for dissemination to the public. This could be anything from a newspaper article to a corporate report, but it must be able to reach more than one person at a time. The term publication also includes electronic media such as magazines, newspapers, and journals. These can be in print or online format. Electronic publications are considered part of data communication. The term data communication covers the exchange of information between two individuals or organizations using computers. It does not include one-way messages broadcast on radio waves, television signals, or other methods not involving direct human interaction.
In journalism, a publication is any newsworthy item that is written by someone employed by an organization called a publisher. A publication may be a single issue of a newspaper or magazine or it may be several issues published over a period of time. Every article written for a publication becomes part of the writer's career history. Publications can be commercial or non-profit. For-profit companies produce publications for profit. Non-profit companies produce publications to raise funds or awareness for a cause.
A publication creates opportunities for those who write for it.
Papers in press are peer-reviewed articles that have been accepted for publication in this magazine. Journal pre-proofs are versions of an article that have been improved after acceptance, such as the insertion of a cover page and metadata, as well as readability formatting, but are not yet final versions of record. Authors can use these pre-proofs to make changes before publishing.
Journal articles are the most common form of publication. These papers describe original research conducted by one or more authors. A single author may write an article describing their own work or they may be co-authored by multiple researchers. In either case, only those people listed as authors on the paper are considered contributors to the work.
An article published in press is given a unique identifier called "journal citation". The journal citation is included on the article's reference list and is also available online in the form of a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). For example, a typical reference list might include the following articles:
"Citation 1" - Published article that has not yet been updated with publisher's information about how to access it. This is the version that readers can read immediately upon publication.
"Citation 2" - Published article that has been updated with information about how to access it on Wiley's website. This is the version that readers should download if they want to read the latest version of the article.
A newspaper or magazine article is a piece of literature that is published. An article usually contains several paragraphs, but it can be as short as one sentence. A newspaper article is made up of several paragraphs, often accompanied by illustrations and photographs. A magazine article is similar to a newspaper article, but it may not contain more than a few sentences per paragraph. It typically takes up less space than a book.
News magazines such as Time Magazine or US News & World Report are written articles that report on current events. These articles can have a dramatic effect on how people view both their world and their country. For example, an article describing political turmoil in countries like Egypt or Syria can lead many people to support protests against these governments.
Science magazines such as Nature or Scientific American report on new developments in science and technology. These articles can help people understand issues related to science, such as why scientists think climate change is happening or what is so special about water. They also can give readers knowledge about technologies such as smartphones or MRI scanners which they might not otherwise know about.
How magazines make money
Magazines make their money three ways: advertising, sales, and content licensing.