The purpose of the conclusion of your paper is to reiterate the major point. It reminds the reader of the merits of the major argument(s) and restates the most essential evidence supporting those arguments. Esfand, 1399 AP English Language & Composition.
Conclusions are like titles or tags for articles. They provide closure to the piece by summarizing its main ideas or points. Conclusions not only summarize the content of the paper but also help readers understand the relationship between the topics covered by the paper.
Generally, conclusions are written at the end of a paper because this is when the writer has the chance to return to themes introduced earlier in the essay and tie them together into one summary statement. This is called "summarizing." The end of the paper is also the best place to introduce new information or ideas since there is no risk of being misunderstood if you do so later in the text.
In academic writing, conclusions often include three elements: a summary statement, a review statement, and a call-to-action/recommendation.
Summary statements give a brief overview of the topic covered in the paper. They tell the reader what was learned in the course of writing it.
Review statements assess how well the paper meets its objectives. They check to see whether the paper's claims are supported by the data presented.
The conclusion essentially urges us to accomplish the following:
A conclusion is an important component of the paper since it offers closure for the reader while also reminding the reader of the paper's contents and value. In other words, it serves to remind the reader of the essential point.
Conclusions are also useful at the submission stage since they allow editors to see how your project fits into a field and to suggest modifications if necessary. For example, an editor might ask you to change the topic or to add additional sources because they believe that these changes will help the project be accepted by others within its field.
Finally, conclusions are helpful during peer review since they can provide guidance on future research directions or highlight significant findings that may otherwise have gone unnoticed. For example, a reviewer might suggest changing the focus of the study based on a particular conclusion reached during analysis.
It achieves this by stepping back from the minutiae to see the overall picture of the paper. The conclusion should not only summarize the main ideas but should also indicate how these ideas relate to one another and what future directions may exist.
Conclusions are often forgotten about until the last minute when they are usually a brief sentence or two at the end of the paper. This is where problems often arise, as conclusions should be part of the original plan for the paper, not added at the end. This makes them hard to write because you cannot add value after the fact; instead, your job is to explain everything from the beginning in a way that maintains clarity and avoids boring the reader.
In academic papers, the conclusion serves three main purposes: it summarizes the main points raised in the paper, it connects the current work to previous research, and it suggests future directions for related studies.
The conclusion should be concise yet comprehensive. You do not want to repeat information from the body of the paper so do not include lengthy quotations or tables from other sources. Likewise, avoid presenting new data unless it relates directly to the topic under discussion. Instead, use the conclusion to tie together all relevant information and provide a sense of direction for future research.
A conclusion does not add new ideas; rather, it clarifies the purpose and significance of the article. Effective conclusions are written in such a way that they attract readers' attention and make them want to read further.
Generally speaking, there are three types of conclusions: explicit, implicit, and summary. An explicit conclusion states exactly what was implied in the body of the essay or article. This type of conclusion would be appropriate after analyzing different perspectives on an issue or after comparing several articles on a subject. An implicit conclusion can be found at the end of an essay or article without being stated directly. These conclusions can be identified by their lack of a specific word limit and by the use of words like "therefore," "accordingly," or "furthermore." A summary conclusion gives a brief overview of the main points covered in the essay or article. It is usually written at the beginning but can be included as part of the body of the text as well.
Effective conclusions help readers understand the main idea of the paper while also leaving them wanting more. They should be concise yet comprehensive—not every topic can be covered in depth within a limited amount of space. Finally, conclusions should be tailored to the genre of writing being done (i.e., academic papers vs. journalistic pieces).