The basic goal of descriptive writing is to paint a mental image of a person, location, or thing in the reader's mind. Descriptive writing entails paying special attention to details and employing all five senses to capture an event. You can use descriptions to bring characters, places, and things to life on the page.
A description is used to communicate something about the subject of a piece of literature without using its name. For example, when reading Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre, one does not know that the character it describes is named Jane Eyre; instead, the story tells us this about its central figure through details such as her upbringing, her qualities, and how she is treated by others. One also could not tell from the title that Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was going to be so emotional or frightening. The descriptions in these novels are what make them unique stories that we still read hundreds of years later.
There are two types of descriptions: physical and psychological. Physical descriptions use details like colors, sizes, and structures to create images in the reader's mind. Psychological descriptions use words like angry, happy, sad to describe feelings. Descriptions help readers understand the story and connect with the characters.
In fiction, every story needs a description or two to give readers a sense of what the scene looks like or feels like for the characters.
1. Good descriptive writing has numerous vivid sensory elements that form a picture and, when appropriate, appeal to all of the reader's senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. Descriptive writing may also depict the sensations that a person, location, or item evokes in the writer. This type of writing is often called "imaginative" or "creative" description.
2. The most common descriptive technique is the description. A description is a written account of some aspect of your experience or observation. It can be as simple as how it looks (descriptive visual art), sounds (descriptive music), or feels (descriptive tactile art). The key ingredient for a good description is that it must be detailed but not exhaustive. Avoid describing everything about the subject at once; select only the relevant details for clarity and brevity's sake.
3. Another descriptive technique is illustration. Using drawings, photographs, and other visual media, you can add detail to your text that would not be possible with just words alone. These additions will help readers understand your ideas more clearly and make them feel like they're experiencing something new. For example, you could use illustrations to describe an event that was very moving but also very sad.
4. Finally, there is symbolism. Symbols are objects, actions, or phrases that have special meaning beyond their obvious physical appearance.
When appropriate, good descriptive writing incorporates numerous vivid sensory elements that form a picture and appeal to the reader's senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
For example, when describing a sunset, a writer might use words such as "red" and "orange" to describe the color of the sun as it sets behind the mountain, then add details such as the size of the rock in relation to the sunset, the angle at which the light hits it, etc., to give the reader a more complete picture of what they are seeing.
In addition to colors, sounds, and textures, people notice smells when reading about places or events. Smells can help readers visualize scenes that would otherwise be difficult or impossible to imagine exactly. For example, if you were to read about a beautiful place for the first time in your life, you might not know what it looked like, but with the help of words such as "crisp" and "snow-covered," someone could probably describe it to you.
A scent is something that gives off a smell. A smell is any substance or agent that causes our sense of smell to react. Smells can be pleasant or unpleasant.