In other words, direct characterisation occurs when a writer displays a character's attributes directly or through comments made by another character participating in the tale. Direct characterisation assists readers in understanding the sort of character they will be reading about. It can also help writers create characters who are more realistic.
There are two types of direct characterisation: physical and psychological. Physical characteristics include such things as hair color, eye color, height, weight, and facial features. Psychological characteristics include traits such as personality, values, attitudes, and emotions. Characters may also be directly characterized by their actions; for example, a character may be "kind" or "not kind" to others. Writers may also comment on characters' attributes directly or indirectly via other characters involved in the story.
Physical characterizations tend to be described in greater detail than psychological ones. This is because readers need information about what sort of person they will be reading about before they can understand what sort of character they should develop feelings for. For example, if you were writing a novel about a young woman who is struggling with her identity after the death of her father, you would want readers to know that she is not a tall, strong man-stopper. You would also want them to know that she has red hair so it isn't black or brown.
Direct characterisation occurs when the author informs us directly about a character. We don't have to deduce anything from the character's behavior or looks since the narrator tells us plainly what the character is like. Direct Characterization Examples: The old man was self-centered and greedy. He cared only for himself.
Samantha, who liked boys and girls, fell in love with Albert, who liked boys only. Because she felt sorry for him being alone on Valentine's Day, she gave him a red heart with a white star inside it. She knew he would like it because he had been acting very romantic lately.
Even though George is rich, he cares deeply about his family. When his son John wants to go to Harvard University, George refuses to pay for even one year of his education. This shows that he believes that all children should be able to go to college regardless of their parents' income.
Nancy is beautiful, kind, and loving. Everyone loves her including her boyfriend Oliver who has secret feelings for her. But Nancy loves Fred more because he understands her well. So, when Nancy gets pregnant by Fred, everyone thinks that she will marry him. However, when he goes back home without marrying her, Nancy decides not to go through with the pregnancy because she does not want to hurt anyone.
The use of descriptive adjectives, epithets, or phrases by an author or another character in the tale to characterize or reveal a character is referred to as direct characterisation. This can be done by comparing characters with each other (e.g., one good and one bad person) or by describing characters' traits (e.g., pride and humility). Comparison to objects or events can also serve to characterize characters (e.g., someone honest compared to his dishonest brother). Revealing details about characters' lives before they meet which are not known to the reader, such as their previous relationships or experiences, can also provide information about them that is used to characterize them later in the story.
Characterization can also be achieved through the use of metaphors or comparisons to objects or events outside the narrative that are meaningful to the characters but not to the reader. For example, when Frodo realizes he is being followed by the evil Shadow, he looks back and sees its shadowy form behind him. Here, the shadow is a metaphor for the Shadow Lord, who is following Frodo because he knows where the Ring must go.
This form of characterization can be used to great effect in stories where characters are presented as stereotypes (i.e., generalizations about a group of people), such as the cowboys from Texas or the Indians from the plains. The use of such descriptors helps us understand these characters' motivations and feelings.
In contrast, an indirect method of characterization involves the author describing personality traits that we assume to be shared by all members of a particular category, such as courage, loyalty, or kindness. In other words, indirect methods of characterization rely on information provided by the narrator or inferred from the context.
For example, in Moby-Dick, the character Ishmael is described as a "wild young man" who lives with his parents in New York City. Here, the author describes a characteristic of Ishmael's personality but does not use any specific details to help us understand him better.
When the narrator tells the reader anything about a character, this is known as direct characterisation. Indirect characterisation occurs when the narrator reveals information about a character to the reader by the character's actions, what the character says, or what other characters say.
For example, in The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses both direct and indirect methods of characterisation. He describes each character using both words and action. For example, he describes Gatsby as a man who "lived up to his reputation" (page 3). Also, through other characters such as Nick Carraway, we learn more about each person's background and motivation for acting the way they do. This method of characterization is called indirect because the author reveals information about each character to the reader by telling us what others say about them or how they act.
In addition to using words and action, another method used by authors to reveal character information is through description. An author can describe their character's appearance, demeanor, voice, etc., which helps us understand who they are. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald uses this method frequently when describing each character. He also uses this method to show us changes that have been made due to past events, such as when Gatsby gets divorced and loses his money.
Finally, an author can use all three methods (words, action, description) to characterize their characters.
Many approaches are used by fiction authors to introduce readers to the characters in their stories. The narrator provides clear information about a character through direct characterisation, whereas indirect characterization exposes the character's nature through action, discourse, and what other people say about the character. The aim of both forms of characterization is to make the reader feel like they know the person being described.
Directly characterizing a narrative voice is easy because the writer is usually one of the characters themselves. The narrator gives a personal view of events as they happen, so they cannot be misrepresented. Statements made by the narrator that appear in italics are direct characterizations.
For example, when I tell you that Bob was afraid of spiders, this is a direct characterization of the narrator (me). But if I describe how nervous Bob became every time a spider crawled across his floor, this is an indirect characterization of him (because I am saying something about the way he felt rather than simply reporting his actions).
Indirect characterization is more difficult for two main reasons. First, we can't see into people's minds to learn their thoughts and feelings. So the writer has to give us clues about a character's nature by what they do, say, wear, or how they act around others. Second, even when there is no secret agenda, characters often have motives we don't understand immediately.