The issue statement's principal aim is to identify and describe the problem. Furthermore, the issue statement is utilized to describe the intended environment. Defining the intended state offers a big picture view of the process or result. It can also act as a guide for developing solutions.
The problem statement is composed of two parts: the problem description and the problem identification. The problem description provides information about the situation involving the problem. This includes what is known (facts) and not known (opinions) about the problem. Facts are simply descriptive statements that have been proven to be true. Opinions are beliefs about facts that are not known to be true or false. For example, "Cats are good hunters" is a fact; "Cats are better hunters than dogs" is an opinion. Problem descriptions should include as much factual information as possible since this will help scientists make accurate comparisons with other problems or situations that may involve similar factors or causes.
Next, the problem identification section asks questions about the problem description to determine if it is actually a problem and if so, which one. There are three types of problems: actual, potential, and desired. An actual problem has already occurred and cannot be changed. A potential problem is one that might happen but isn't necessarily inevitable. A desired problem does not exist yet; it has not happened yet!
A problem statement is a succinct summary of an issue that needs to be addressed or a condition that needs to be remedied. It determines the difference between a process's or product's existing (problem) and desired (goal) states. The issue statement should address the five Ws while focusing on the facts. These are: who, what, when, where, and why.
The who includes the specific parties involved in the issue. In general, only one person or organization can be identified as having a problem or issue. However many people may have a say in how the issue is resolved through voting, sharing views, etc. As well, multiple issues may exist with different parties involved in each case. For example, an employee may have an issue with his or her supervisor but also may have a problem with another employee. When writing an issue statement, it is important to be clear about whom you are addressing with your message.
The what is a brief description of the issue or problem. This part of the statement answers the question, "Why is this issue important/relevant to me?" By explaining what is wrong or incorrect with a situation or entity, you can better understand how to resolve the issue and why it is relevant to you personally. Make sure that you cover all aspects of the what because this information will help others identify with you and your issue.
The when is a brief description of when the issue first arose.
As a result, the problem description must be clear and unambiguous. A problem statement can be expressed as a question.
For example, "Why are some people poor?" is a problem statement. "People are poor because they make mistakes buying property" is its solution. The problem has been stated in a straightforward manner and it can now be dealt with accordingly.
Problems can also be described as difficulties or challenges that need to be overcome. These descriptions may provide additional insights about their solutions. For example, "The project deadline was too short" is a problem statement that can be transformed into a difficulty by adding "The project failed to deliver what was promised within the time frame."
Finally, problems can be identified during a failure analysis when there is evidence that something went wrong with your process, product, or service. This evidence can include faulty measurements, damaged equipment, customer complaints-and they all count as problems.
It is important to distinguish problems from issues. Issues are problems that have been identified but not yet solved. For example, "We need to fix our leaky faucets" is an issue. "Our faucets are made in China" is a problem.
A problem statement is a short statement (from a sentence to a paragraph) that clearly states the problem that will be addressed by an experiment. In other words, the issue statement outlines why the experiment is being conducted. Problem statements are used at the beginning of experiments to guide researchers in their efforts.
Problem statements can be divided into three main types: research problems, practical problems and instructional problems. Research problems are issues that drive scientists to conduct experiments. Practical problems are issues that affect how scientists conduct experiments. Instructional problems are issues related to the learning environment that teachers create when teaching science classes.
Research problems should be stated in the form of questions with "why" and "how" components. For example, a researcher might want to know how much force is required to lift a certain weight. The problem would be stated as a question with both an why and a how component: Why do we need to know this information? How can we find out?
Practical problems should be stated in the form of questions that can be answered with "yes" or "no". For example, a scientist conducting an experiment on the effects of temperature on yeast growth could ask, "Is there any damage to the yeast cells as a result of the heat treatment?" The practical problem statement would answer this question with a simple "yes" or "no".
The problem itself, articulated clearly and with sufficient contextual detail to indicate why it is significant; the way of fixing the problem, frequently presented as a claim or a working thesis; and the goal, declaration of objective, and scope of the paper the writer is writing.
These three elements make up what is known as the problem statement.
It is important for an editor or reader to understand that this document alone cannot be submitted to a journal. It must first be reviewed by at least two people: one who is not involved in its preparation (the reviewer), and another person who has expertise in the field (the expert reviewer). Only after both reviews are completed can the article be accepted for publication.
The problem statement should be written in a clear, concise manner that addresses the readers' need for information on the topic. The problem statement should also include all relevant details regarding the issue at hand. Finally, while the goal may be implicit in some writing, it is best represented explicitly in others. For example, in academic papers, the goal usually appears in the title or abstract. However, it may also appear as a footnote to the paper or as part of the introduction section.
In order for an editor or reader to understand the purpose of the paper, it is essential that they understand the problem being addressed.