Similarities Fiction versus Nonfiction The framework and parts of nonfiction and fiction writing are very similar. Both can have people, a place, and a storyline. Both genres of literature might include truth or genuine persons, locations, and events. However, there are differences between the two that will determine how you structure your work.
Fiction is based on reality while nonfiction uses facts to explain or describe something that is not real like science articles or historical novels. People can tell the difference between fact and fiction because they can imagine things that could not happen. For example, if I told you that Spider-Man climbed up buildings then it would be fictional because you cannot make up such things. However, if I described what kind of webbing spiders create when they build their nests then you would know this was true information because it is based on reality.
You should also know that not all writers who publish under the genre of fiction are making up stories, only those who write science fiction, fantasy, and horror will need to follow the rules of these specific genres. Mainstream authors will use the tools available to them so readers understand that what they are reading is not real history or science but rather a story created by someone.
Nonfiction has many forms including essays, reviews, interviews, profiles, and speeches. Just as with fiction, nonfiction requires a framework within which to organize ideas and information.
It may be difficult for both authors and readers to distinguish between fiction and nonfiction. In general, "fiction" refers to made-up storylines, locations, and characters, and "nonfiction" refers to true tales based on real-life events and individuals. However, there are novels that mix fact with fiction (e.g., fables) and articles that blend information from multiple sources (e.g., history books, eyewitness accounts, scientific studies)
Authors have the freedom to create whatever world they want to within these boundaries. Some authors may include facts about real people in their stories to add credibility or detail; others may like to experiment with different perspectives by writing from several characters' points of view. All fiction is nonfiction in some form - it's just a question of how much information you include about actual people.
As for readers, they need to be aware of which category a book falls into before choosing to read it. If you're not sure if a book is fiction or not, check with your library staff - they should be able to help you find out.
However, the distinction between these two genres is occasionally obscured since they frequently cross. For example, works of historical fiction may include elements of history that actually occurred as well as others that are entirely fictional.
Fiction and nonfiction have much in common when it comes to writing tools. Both require research, but nonfiction needs to be researched carefully while fiction often uses some degree of improvisation. In fact, many successful writers work primarily in one or the other genre; Ernest Hemingway is a good example of this duality. He was most famous for his short stories which used limited vocabulary and simple sentences to capture the essence of human experience with clarity and precision. But he also published three novels - The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, and To Have and Have Not - that were considered classics.
The difference between fiction and nonfiction isn't just what kind of story you're telling, but how seriously you take it. Nonfiction writer Scott J. Ferrell notes: "Nonfiction writers tend to be more self-critical than their fictional counterparts. We can't let ourselves get distracted by details that don't matter, or by story lines that go nowhere.