In Goethe's poem, a youngster rides home on horseback in his father's arms. When he is courted by the Erl-King, a strong and terrifying supernatural figure, he is terrified. However, the boy's father cannot see or hear the monster and informs him that his mind is playing tricks on him. Soon after this, when the young man goes out riding alone, the Erl-King catches up with him. Terrified, the boy dismounts and lets himself be taken back to the castle where the Erl-King guards the entrance to Mauer (Cave). Here the youth learns that his father has been killed by the Erl-King, who had also taken his wife away from him. In revenge, the young man kills himself by jumping into the cave mouth.
The poem was written in 1773 as a reaction to the death of Goethe's mother. He was only fourteen years old at the time, but she had impressed upon him the need to follow his own path in life and not be swayed by others.
Goethe used his knowledge of magic and witchcraft to create a dark and dangerous character who we feel sorry for even though he commits suicide. But because his father cannot see or hear the monster, Goethe could do this without fear of being punished.
Goethe also writes about this subject matter in another work called "The Sorrows of Young Werther".
The Eilking's Melody and the Erlknig's Mood Back then, the erlking represented death. The topic of Goethe's poem is the loss of innocence, as seen in the poem when the Erlking lures the little boy and murders him, along with his innocence. The erlking is also described as a monster in the poem, who is half man and half beast.
The mood of the erlking is one of sadness or despair. He exists in a world alone and does not fit in with others. He also has no will to live because he is already dead. This shows that even though the erlking is a creature of darkness, he cannot help but feel pain and sorrow over his condition.
In addition, the erlking's loneliness is what causes him to want to lure children away from their parents. If anyone else were with him, they would notice how sad he was and wouldn't want to play with him. But since no one is around, they will follow him out into the forest where they can be killed.
Finally, the erlking's mood changes depending on whether it is day or night. When it is dark, he is afraid and wants to stay hidden. But during the day, he comes out and tries to lure more children.
The Erlking represents death, which the Romantic associates with both terror and fascination to the unknown and strange. Goethe's poem encompasses the universal issue of loss of innocence and is so significant. In this light, the Erlking is a terrible maturity that seduces youth but destroys its innocence.
The poem also reflects Goethe's personal struggle between his passion for young Gretchen and his desire to pursue academic studies. Goethe was only twenty-five when he wrote the poem; however, it is evident from the beginning that he has found an ideal subject for his talents. The poem is full of references to classical mythology and works of art that reflect the influence of Plato and Shakespeare. Goethe even quotes lines from his own poems in the Erlking sequence!
Romanticism was a movement in European literature and music that began in the late 18th century and continued through the early years of the 19th century. It was inspired by ideas such as liberty, democracy, nationalism, and unity among other things. One central theme that runs throughout much Romantic writing is that of rebellion against authority. Authors such as Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, and William Blake expressed their discontent with society through their work.
Goethe was a major figure in the development of Romanticism. His writings on science, nature, and culture were considered revolutionary at the time because they challenged traditional thinking about art and life.
The Erl-King, also known as The Elf-King, is a theatrical song composed by J.W. von Goethe and published in 1782 as Der Erlkonig. The poem is based on a Germanic folklore about an evil elf that wanders the Black Forest and lures youngsters to their deaths. The son has a fever and believes he can see and hear the erl-king. When his father goes to check on him, he finds him dead. Using this as justification, the king orders that all children under the age of six be killed.
Goethe used his own experiences as inspiration for the poem. At the time it was written there were many fairy tales circulating about young people being lured into forests and dying. One such story was that of "Pied Piper of Hamelin" which had been told several years before Goethe wrote his work. In this tale, a poor musician plays his pipe in order to save the children of a town from death but in return, they have to leave forever.
There are two versions of the story: one has the piper saving every third child; the other has him saving all of them. Goethe probably based his composition on the second version because it reminded him more of his own experience when he came out of his feverish dream to find his father gone. He never saw his father again and like the piper's character, he too was given up for dead at a very young age.
Goethe lived in Strasbourg with his parents and two sisters.
The concept, scene, and tone of Goethe's "The Erlking" encapsulate the spirit of the late-eighteenth-century Romantic period. Romanticism is defined by a love of nature, a curiosity with the occult, and repeating themes of love and death, all of which are present in Goethe's poem.
The Erlking is a supernatural figure who visits young lovers in their dreams to warn them that someone they know is going to die. He appears as a beautiful man with a winged horse and carries his enchanted cloak as a gift for those who accept his warning.
Goethe based his character on an actual person: Jacob Grimm, the father of modern fairy tales, who lived from 1742-1805. The Erlking was first printed as part of a collection of poems called "Siebenlieder Walpurgisnacht," or "Seven Songs of Holy Saturday," written by Goethe in 1770. It was later included in "West-östlicher Divan," or "Western-Eastern Book," which was published in 1772. This anthology of Turkish poetry was written by Goethe under the direction of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, his brother.
As with many poets of his time and later generations, Goethe was interested in myths and legends and used this interest as inspiration for his work.
The narrator establishes the scene after the galloping piano opening by depicting the father holding his son as they ride into the night. The boy's father inquires as to why he is covering his face in dread. When the youngster tells his father about seeing the Elf King, the father dismisses the vision as a misty streak. However, when they reach their destination, the father discovers that which he seeks is gone. He concludes that the creature must have returned home.
Here we have a mythical creature who lives in a forest. At night, he comes out and visits people. If you see him coming, you should never look him in the eye because if you do, you will lose your head! He is looking for a child to claim as his own so he can take him back to his kingdom. All creatures fear the Elf King because he kills anyone that he takes under his spell. Not only that, but also because he can change his shape at will and can pass through any barrier. No one knows how he arrived in this world, nor does anyone know what he looks like except for his long white hair. Most people think that he is a ghost because they can't see him, but he can see everything that goes on around him.
Erlkonig is a German name that means "elf king". It's very popular in Germany and some other European countries. There are also several stories about elves that use this name.