What is the story of The Star-Spangled Banner?

What is the story of The Star-Spangled Banner?

Francis Scott Key writes a poem on September 14, 1814 that is eventually adapted to music and becomes America's national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," in 1931. The poem, originally titled "The Defense of Fort M'Henry," was written after Key watched the British bombardment of the Maryland fort during the War of 1812. In his poem, he described what he had seen as "a sight glorious to see" and used this as inspiration for writing about how our country came into existence.

Key sold rights to his poem to William W. Griffith who published it along with an illustration by J.E. McClintock. This first edition sold out within months and was followed by several more. The original manuscript of "The Star-Spangled Banner" is housed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

In 1914, director James Crossley hired actor John Philip Sousa to lead a band at a baseball game between the Chicago White Sox and Cleveland Indians. During this performance, Sousa suggested adding drums to the orchestra to make a bigger sound. This became known as "the march to war." After World War I began, other bands started using it as their own version of "The Star-Spangled Banner."

In 1931, President Herbert Hoover signed a bill that included "The Star-Spangled Banner" into law.

What event led to the adoption of the Star-Spangled Banner as our national anthem?

Francis Scott Key wrote the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner" on September 14, 1814, after watching the enormous nighttime British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Maryland during the War of 1812. The poem was published two months later in the Baltimore Patriot newspaper.

Key had been hired as a clerk by the secretary of the Navy, who asked him to come up with a poem to be sung by sailors aboard U.S. ships at sea. The idea came just days after the United States had lost its first war with Britain, and many Americans were angry about it.

In his poem, Key described what he saw from his window at night during the battle: dark skies filled with stars that seemed like "banners" waving in the breeze, an exploding bomb, and then hearing dogs howl and people cry out in pain. He said this inspired him to write about what he saw and heard, which is why the poem includes references to birds and animals.

After publishing his poem, Key went home to Illinois where he lived with his wife and family until he died in 1843. But the song we know today as "The Star-Spangled Banner" didn't become our national anthem until February 13, 1931. That's when President Herbert Hoover signed a bill making it so.

Which is the second verse of the Star Spangled Banner?

Based on its use before sporting events, an old joke goes that the second stanza of the "Star Spangled Banner" is the chief umpire's call: "Play Ball!" The real flag depicted in the poem has survived, and it is rather huge even now.

Francis Scott Key writes a poem that is eventually put to music and becomes America's national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," on this day in 1814. The poem, originally titled "The Defence of Fort McHenry," was written after Key watched the British bombardment of the Maryland fort during the War of 1812.

Why is the Star Spangled Banner the national anthem?

After being delighted that the United States had escaped British assault, Francis Scott Key penned the "Star-Spangled Banner" as a joyful poem. Since then, it has grown into the United States' national anthem, and it is played at official ceremonies, schools, and athletic events. The song is based on a European military tune called "John Anderson My John."

Key wrote the poem after watching ships firing their guns during the Battle of Baltimore on September 12, 1814. He was imprisoned in England after his ship was taken by the British, but he was allowed to return to America because of his poor health. He died in 1820.

The poem was first published in 1814 in the National Intelligencer newspaper. It was not popular at first, but it grew in popularity after being used as an army bugle call during the War of 1812. Today, it is known everywhere America goes: on baseball fields, basketball courts, and football fields across the country.

The song has been covered by many artists, most notably Louis Armstrong. His recording of it sold millions of copies and was named the best selling album of all time by Guinness World Records.

In 2004, a group of musicians called the American Federation of Musicians filed a lawsuit against the government for infringing on their copyright. They wanted Congress to pay them for allowing their music to be used during official ceremonies.

What inspired the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner"?

The Battle of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to create "The Star-Spangled Banner" on September 14, 1814. Mark Clague of the University of Michigan debunks some widespread fallacies concerning our national anthem. The mission of Key was a success. His poem soon after the battle became popular throughout the country.

Key had no intention of writing a national anthem. But when he saw the excitement over his poem, he decided to turn it into reality. He approached several prominent citizens of Baltimore to ask if they could help him get the song published. All declined, but one suggested that Key submit it to the government for publication as a national anthem. So he did and it was accepted quickly. On February 13, 1815, President James Madison signed a bill by Congress authorizing the federal government to publish "The Star-Spangled Banner."

English composer John Stafford lived near Washington D.C. in the 1790s and may have been the source of the tune's inspiration. The lyrics were written by Key who was born in Maryland but raised in New York. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1805 to 1813 before going to London where he worked as a clerk at the American Embassy.

What is the origin of the national anthem?

Of fact, the national anthem originated as a poem penned in September 1814 by Francis Scott Key after witnessing the British attack of Fort McHenry in Maryland during the War of 1812. (which ran until early 1815). The poem was set to music later that year by John Stafford Smith and has been widely regarded as the first American patriotic song.

Key's lyrics have been criticized over time for being too flowery and sentimental but they still stand up today as an example of the American poetry tradition that began with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

The current version of the anthem was written in 1931 by Emma Lazarus who had recently arrived in New York City from Italy. She hoped to gain entry into the United States by submitting a visa application while working as a housekeeper for a man named Daniel Murphy who owned a building site on Manhattan's West Side. In order to attract attention, she included her own words to the existing music which at this point didn't have any name attached to it.

Lazarus' son presented the original manuscript to the National Archives in 1994 where it remains today as part of the Declaration of Independence collection.

Lazarus never saw her work become the official national anthem because she died at the age of 37 years old before it happened.

About Article Author

James Beamon

James Beamon is a writer, publisher and editor. He has been working in the publishing industry for over 10 years and his favorite thing about his job is that every day brings something new to work on, whether it be author interviews, social media trends or just finding the perfect quote to use in an article.

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