Oliver Goldsmith's The Deserted Village is a pastoral elegy published in 1770. It is regarded as one of his great poems, idealizing a rural way of life that was being destroyed by the relocation of agricultural people, landlord greed, and economic and political upheaval. The poem also alludes to the devastating effects of war.
The poem begins with an invocation to "the muse", asking her to help him express his feelings about the village where he grew up and now lives in shame: "Oh! Muse, those hours when I did roam / Alone and sad beneath some old oak tree! / How many tender thoughts of love and grief / Did then my heart know! / But now those moments joyous come again, / And I would give the world for one more look at home!"
Golding describes himself as "a poor vicarage boy" who had to leave his native England to make a living. He was born on April 20th 1724 and died on March 28th 1803. He was educated at Cambridge University but could not afford to graduate so instead he went to France where he learned to write poetry. When he returned to Britain he took a curacy at St Mary's Church in London before becoming rector of All Saints' Church in Ashford in Kent. While serving this post he wrote several other poems which were well received.
"The Deserted Village" was written with the intention of eliciting powerful emotions in the readers. Goldsmith hoped that his audience would experience a desire for country life and turn away from the corruption of city life. He also wanted them to feel sorrow at the loss of innocence.
In conclusion, "The Deserted Village" aims to inspire its readers by portraying rural life as being better than urban existence and offering guidance on how to achieve true happiness.
Themes and Interpretations The major reason Goldsmith wrote "The Deserted Village" was to lament the demise of a way of life. Without a doubt, he romanticizes and idealizes the village's beauty and simplicity, the purity, innocence, and honesty of its people, and the true goodness of their lives. But he also condemns the villagers for being selfish and content with their shallow pleasures when they should have known that all would be lost if they did not take action soon.
There are several themes in this poem. One is civilization vs. nature. Before the coming of man, the Earth was full of beautiful wild animals and plants without any harm coming to them. But once humans appeared, they started destroying the environment to make room for their development. This is what leads to the second theme: human destruction. As Goldsmith states, "The face of nature is changed;/ Her gentle smiles no longer greet the sun." The entire world has become cold and dark because of human activity, so the only place where you can still find peace and quiet is in a desert.
The last theme is love. Love is one of those things that cannot be destroyed even by time or distance. It will always remain alive within us, just like the desert itself. Love is perfect because it does not want anything in return, it only wants to give happiness to the one it loves. This is why the poet says the village was happy, because they were all living in harmony with each other.
Oliver Goldsmith's work The Village Schoolmaster (lines 193-216) is an excerpt from his poem The Deserted Village (430 lines). It is a well-known pastoral elegy. The schoolmaster is mourning the death of a young student who has committed suicide.
This short poem is composed in iambic pentameter. This means that each line ends with a five-syllable word and that these lines are based on pairs of metrically identical syllables. For example, the first line begins with a long syllable followed by a short one and so forth until the fifth line which also begins with a long syllable.
The poem is about how the death of a child has an eternal quality to it and how nothing can ever destroy its memory or take away its beauty. It also describes how the village has been robbed of its most precious resource - the schoolmaster - and what will become of it without him. Finally, it asks whether love can find a way into such a desolate place.
Suicide was a controversial topic even at the time it was written. Some people believed that suicide was a sin and that God would not allow it to be done as a form of punishment.