Thebes was well-known in Greek mythology and literature. It is famous for being the birthplace of the Greek hero Hercules and for playing an important role in the legends of Oedipus and Dionysus. Pindar, the most famous Greek poet of the day, also resided at Thebes. The city is also important for being one of the seven ancient cities of Greece (along with Athens, Corinth, Delphi, Elis, Sparta, and Tyre).
People from Thebes are called Thebanians, and Thebes itself is a district of Greece named after it. The Hellenic name for Thebes is Histiaea.
In modern times, Thebes has become a large city in southern Greece. In 2001, it had a population of 195,000 people. Thebes is the capital of Boeotia province. It is located about 50 miles south of Athens on the banks of the River Thebae.
Thebes was originally founded around 700 B.C. as a royal cemetery called Touboulin. Over time, the city grew into an important cult center where priests known as "Heralds" made sacrifices to tell the future and keep evil spirits away from humans. These Heralds were also musicians and poets who sang odes to the gods during religious ceremonies. In 566 B.C., Thebes became a free city and entered into alliance with Athens.
Thebes (/'thi:bz/; Greek: Theba, Thiva ['thiva]; Ancient Greek: Thebai, Thebai [the:bai]) is a city in the Greek region of Boeotia. It was the setting for the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles, and others in Greek mythology. The modern city lies at an altitude of about 450 feet (137 m) on a flat plateau surrounded by mountains to the east, west, and south. The town is located near the center of the state of Boeotia, which is itself in central Greece.
History records that Thebes was founded around 1500 B.C. by colonists from Corinth. The city became one of the most important centers of culture in ancient Greece. In 556 B.ershel, the date system used by Jews to record events such as wars and floods, was first applied to Thebes by the historian Herodotus. He described Thebes as the most powerful city in Europe back then. The city's power declined after the Peloponnesian War but recovered under the Roman Empire when it became a major religious center. Christianity came to Thebes in A.D. 250 and remained there until Saint Paul sent missionaries to Athens instead. The city's temples were converted into churches or monasteries. Today, some of these buildings are museums devoted to Hellenic culture and religion.
Thebes was the birthplace of many great thinkers including Pythagoras, Diogenes, Plato, and Aristotle.
Bz/; Ancient Greek: Thebai, Thebai, Greek pronunciation: [the:bai]; Greek: Theba, Thiva ['thiva] is a city in the Greek region of Boeotia. It was the setting for the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, and others in Greek mythology. The city was known as Phthia to its inhabitants.
The city was founded about 730 BC by colonists from Corinth. It was originally called Pallantium (all-people), but was later renamed after Thebeis, a daughter of Icmalius. Thebes became one of the twelve tribes of ancient Boeotia. Its people were famous for their skill with the lyre, which accounted for its name (the "City of Lyres").
Theban culture was prominent during the Mycenaean period, when it dominated much of mainland Greece. After a series of rebellions against the central government at Athens, Thebes was destroyed by a plague in 1456 BC. However, Thebes quickly rebuilt its city walls and became once again a powerful state. During the 8th century BC, it controlled most of southern Greece except for Athens and Sparta. In 663 BC, however, it was defeated by Athens and its territory divided up among her allies. The Thebans continued to reign over themselves until they were expelled by Macedonians under Alexander the Great in 343 BC.
Thebes Information Homer, the Greek poet, wrote of Thebes' prosperity in The Iliad. Mentuhotep II (2061–2010 B.C.) of Thebes stabilized the region and built Thebes as a prosperous metropolis. The ancient Egyptians referred to it as the "City of the Was"—a "was" was a long rod with an animal head and a forked base. The Egyptian name is still used today for certain kinds of bamboo grown in Asia.
The Greeks called Thebes "the fair." It was one of the few cities in ancient Greece to remain free from colonization by either Athens or Sparta. Thebes's independence ended in 371 B.C., when Athens conquered it during the Peloponnesian War. But Thebes rebelled against Athenian rule and formed her own state, which lasted until 314 B.u.s.
In mythology, Thebes is known for its role as the home of Cadmus, founder of the city of Cadyus. According to myth, he carried around with him a jar of sacred soil from the site where his mother, Europa, was said to have been abducted by Zeus while out walking one day. In Europe, there are many places named after Cadmus. In America, there is also a town named after him. Thebes, Illinois.
In modern-day Egypt, there is a village near Luxor called Thebes. This is probably not the same place as here.
Bz/; Greek: Theba, Thiva ['thiva]; Ancient Greek: Thebai, Thebai [the:bai] is a city in the Greek province of Boeotia. It was the setting for the legends of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles, and others in Greek mythology... Thebes, Greece.
Bz/; Greek: Theba, Thiva ['thiva]; Ancient Greek: Thebai, Thebai [the:bai] is a city in the Greek province of Boeotia. The modern town of Thebes is the largest in the Boeotian regional unit. It lies at the foot of Mount Cithaeron, about 15 miles (24 km) from central Athens.
The myth that forms the basis for Thebes's fame begins with the son of Poseidon and the sea goddess Amphitrite, Triptolemos. In order to escape his father's anger, he hides upon land. When he returns to sea, Poseidon makes him immortal. Years later, Triptolemos' grandson Kadmus arrives in Thebes with some seeds that will grow into trees bearing an endless supply of food. They are welcomed by the king of Thebes, Menoeceus, who promises to marry his daughter Creusa to anyone who can beat him in a wrestling match. Kadmus wins the match but refuses to kill Menoeceus because he is his host and has been hospitable toward him. Instead, Kadmus sends him away so that he and his followers may have time to eat their fill before continuing on their journey.
The modern city lies at an altitude of about 450 feet (137 m) on a plain surrounded by mountains, with forests covering much of the available land. It has an estimated population of 150,000 people.
Thebes was one of the twelve original cities of Greece. Its territory included most of the present-day country of Boeotia, as well as parts of central Greece. The city's main attractions are its historic sites, including the Temple of Karnes and the Old Palace. The New Academy building is a large structure built in the Roman Empire era. It features columns with ornate Corinthian capitals supporting a roof made of marble tiles. Today, Thebes is known for its production of leather goods, ceramics, and wine. There are also many festivals held annually in Thebes, such as the Festival of the Muses.
The city was founded around 730 BC by Theban refugees from Megara. The founders were mainly exiled princes who had been expelled for participating in a conspiracy against the ruling family of Megara. The new city was named after Thebez, one of the leaders of the rebellion that drove the Megareans out of Athens.