Yellow journalism refers to news media companies or journalists that engage in scandal-mongering, sensationalism, jingoism, or other unethical or unprofessional actions. These journalists aim to attract attention through shocking and inaccurate reporting for financial gain.
India has a long history of journalistic endeavors, but the current media environment is dominated by television channels that sell access to politicians or influence the outcome of elections. This type of journalism is known as "slop journalism" or "yellow journalism". It can also be referred to as "gutter journalism", because it deals with scandals and crime but often includes exaggerated or false reports about public figures.
Television channels in India are expected to register themselves with the regulatory body Press Council of India (PCI). However, not all channel owners respond to PCI's requests for information, therefore making it difficult for the organization to take action against them.
In addition to registering with PCI, certain guidelines have been suggested by civil society groups to ensure balanced and ethical journalism. Some of these recommendations include a ban on paid advertising, limits on the number of hours newscasters work, and mandatory training programs for journalists.
However, there is no government agency that monitors or checks yellow journalism, leaving this task to civil society groups and the press itself.
"Yellow journalism" and "yellow press" are words used in the United States to describe journalism and related publications that deliver little or no actual, well-researched content and instead rely on eye-catching headlines to generate sales. Exaggeration of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism are examples of techniques. These publications often have a political agenda or bias, support one side in an issue rather than reporting both sides fairly, and have a strong tendency toward libel or slander.
The term "yellow journalism" was coined by the British journalist Arthur Ransome in his 1913 book, _Mr. Standfast: A Tale of Modern England_. In it, he describes how newspapers in Britain and America were using exaggerated stories with eye-catching headlines to sell papers. He wrote that these articles were usually written by young journalists who did not believe their own reports and so relied on rumor and speculation for their information.
Ransome's book was very popular and had a great influence on Americans when they started reading about their country through foreign eyes. His description of an irresponsible media influenced many people to think that there was much more dishonesty in society than there actually was. However, despite its negative connotation, "yellow journalism" also inspired some good journalism. One example is Ira Bennett's 1915 book, _Gold Dust News: The American Press and the Czar_, which investigates how news was being delivered to Russia by the American press during the early years of the Russian Revolution.
As a result, the phrase "yellow journalism" is now used as a derogatory word to describe any journalism that treats the news in an unprofessional or unethical manner. The publication simply stated in 1898: "We name them Yellow because they are Yellow."
The term was coined by American writer and journalist William Randolph Hearst who exploited this type of reporting for his own financial gain.
He realized that by creating sensational headlines that would attract attention from readers, he could sell more newspapers. Therefore, stories with exaggerated or false information designed to appeal to readers' basest instincts were published under these headlines.
Some examples of "yellow journalism" include: editorials advocating war; coverage of crime and criminals; and reports on accidents, natural disasters, and other events that would likely cause concern or alarm among readers.
Today, "yellow journalism" is used to describe journalism that lacks professional standards and ethics. This type of reporting may involve the use of misleading headlines or photographs; excessive speculation; bias against certain groups of people; etc.
Often, these articles appear in the early months of a new season or before important political elections. This allows time for readers to learn about the atrocities being committed in order to draw their attention away from more positive or interesting stories.
Yellow journalism's unspoken editorial principles were to make news rather than chronicle it, to sensationalize events by misrepresenting the facts, to exploit public concerns, to control public views of events, to write pieces that sell newspapers, and to enhance the newspaper publisher's...
These practices made yellow journalism a significant factor in causing the political crisis that led to World War I. They also helped cause the collapse of the traditional media model in which journalists reported what had happened without any influence from publishers or advertisers.
After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in 1914, many countries in Europe concluded that one nation was responsible for the killing -- Serbia. These countries demanded that Serbia surrender its leader, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić, but he refused their demands. As war seemed likely, other nations began to mobilize their armies. Germany, Russia, France, and Italy went to war with each other; then Germany and Austria-Hungary attacked Russia; and finally England and Japan joined the fighting on the side of Russia, France, and Italy.
The conflict soon became international when Germany and Austria-Hungary invaded Belgium -- which had no army of its own -- and England and France declared war on Germany. Within months, all of Europe was at war.
Yellow journalism is the use of gruesome features and sensationalized news in newspaper printing in order to attract readers and improve circulation. The term was coined in the 1890s to characterize the techniques used in the fierce rivalry between two New York City newspapers, the World and the Journal. These papers were among the first in America to use reporters on the scene of a crime who were able to write up their stories immediately after the event without waiting for police reports or other information to come out.
These reporters would often make up stories about crimes that would draw readers in hopes of them buying a copy of the paper. They would do this by printing false articles about murders, rapes, and other violent acts that would scare readers away from going to the newspapers' websites instead.
The use of this technique became so common that it is now known as "yellow journalism."
One example of yellow journalism comes from the World newspaper in 1894. That year, it published an article written by George F. Knerr titled "Two Thousand Persons Admitted Patients at Nurseries Created by Wall Street Bankers." This story claimed that two thousand people were living in nurseries owned by wealthy bankers on Wall Street. It went on to say that these children were not being taken care of by their parents but rather were being abused and neglected by the staff members working in the banks' nursery businesses.