Langston Hughes used the literary device of an extended metaphor in the poem to highlight the mother's existence. The extended metaphor is a method in which the author utilizes one analogy and employs metaphors to connect it to another. The metaphor compares the mother's life to a crystal staircase. The first line of the poem states that "Mothers should be mothers from dawn to dusk/And fathers sons." Here, Langston Hughes is comparing mothers' lives to those of servants and slaves. He does this by stating that mothers should act like servants or slaves since they must work throughout the day just as servants and slaves did. By connecting mothers to servants and slaves, Hughes is implying that they are equal partners in their family's life.
Other literary devices include similes and personification. A simile is a comparison made with two unlike things expressed in terms of similarity. In this case, the phrase "a mother's love is a constant star" functions as a simile because it compares the mother's love to a constant star that remains always shining even when its light cannot be seen by the naked eye.
Personification is the attribution of human traits to objects. In this case, the mother in the poem is personified as a "constant star" that shines on even when its light is not visible to the naked eye. This shows that mothers are valuable even though they cannot be seen regularly.
Langston Hughes' poem "Mother to Son" use imagery, metaphorical language, and sound methods to describe the speaker's feelings. The speaker's life is a metaphor for the crystal staircase. A metaphor is a figure of speech in which one thing is used to stand for another, usually with a similarity between them.
The first stanza begins with an image comparing the speaker's life to a crystal staircase. The crystal staircase refers to something beautiful but fragile that can break if you step on it wrong. This metaphor helps us understand how difficult life can be because we know that everything has its price. We should never judge any event or person based on what they have done, but rather look at their heart.
In the second stanza, the speaker describes his mother as a bird who sings from a branch of a tree. Birds are known for their beautiful songs, so this description makes us think of his mother as being beautiful even though she is not physically present. It also reminds us that birds can fly away at any moment so we should always keep our hearts free from anger and resentment.
In the third stanza, the speaker says that his mother is a water fowl who lives in a lake.
As the speaker states, the poem is an extended metaphor...
Langston Hughes used metaphors, personification, and idioms in his poem "Dream." Hughes employed literary strategies to convey the message "keep reaching for your dreams." Hughes utilized a metaphor in the words "Life is a shattered winged bird." He gave voice to this idea with a figurative image that was already known to the readers. Metaphors can be actual objects or people and in this case, Life is our own personal dream that we share together with everyone else.
Personification is when a non-human object is represented as if it were a human being. In this case, Life is portrayed as a bird who has been wounded but will still fly away even though one of its wings is broken. Birds represent freedom and joy because they are able to fly despite their physical limitations. Humans also have these same qualities so life is similar to other humans in that it has both positive and negative aspects.
Idioms are common expressions that are not strictly synonymous. They can provide additional information about a topic so they are often useful when trying to make a point within a short amount of time. For example, "sitting ducks" means an easy target because someone or something cannot defend themselves, while "to sit on hot coals" means to experience pain and suffering from something safe and comfortable like a chair. Idioms can help clarify ideas without adding more text.
Alliterations, chiasms, analogies, caesura, opposites, enumerations, metaphors, anaphoras, epiphoras, personal pronouns, historical references, a paratactical sentence structure, and parallelism abound throughout Langston Hughes' poem "As I got older." These are just some of the many different poetic devices that appear in his work. In fact, every one of these devices can be found in this poem.
An alliterative line begins with a word or phrase that sounds like it starts with the same letter of the alphabet each time it is repeated (like "shining" and "shine" or "moon" and "moon"). This device was popular in medieval times and is still used today in traditional poetry forms such as limericks. The first line of the poem contains several examples of this device: "Shining like the moon, my mother's tears / Were kept on ice until my father came home."
A chiasmus is a figure of speech in which a subject is said to be compared with itself, usually in terms of size or value. In other words, a chiasmus presents two opposite ideas within the same statement or clause. Either way, the message is the same -- they had a close relationship!
The following literary techniques appear in Sylvia Plath's poem "Mirror":