The poetry and the drama were the primary forms of English writing throughout the Renaissance. The lyric, elegy, tragedy, and pastoral were among the various types of poetry that could be found in sixteenth-century England. Lyric poets included John Donne, George Herbert, and Michael Drayton. Elegy writers include Edward Young and Thomas Gray. Tragedy authors include Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, and Thomas Kyd.
The Italian poet Petrarch is regarded as the father of the modern novel with his 1374 work, _Il Libro diario_ (The Daybook). This book was a compilation of days' entries describing the many emotions experienced by its author at this time of life transition. The Italian novelist Giovanni Boccaccio published his collection of stories in 1350-1353; these are considered the first novels in Europe. Other notable writers of the period include Geoffrey Chaucer, Alain Chartier, Jean Froissart, Horace, Lucan, Titus Livius (Livy), Ovid, and Virgil.
In France, Pierre de la Rue publishes the first known printed book, a collection of poems titled _The Fountain of Love_, in 1408. In Germany, Johannes Gutenberg prints the first known Bible in 1454.
The lyric, tragedy, elegy, and pastoral were the most prevalent poetry genres used throughout this time period, according to The Literature Network. Each poet's purpose was to capture the essence of beauty in the modern world. "The primary goal of English Renaissance poem was to express beauty and truth in words."
Renaissance poets such as Edmund Spenser, John Donne, and Michael Drayton were influential in creating a distinct English style that is still used today. They also helped develop humanism as an academic subject which encourages knowledge about humanity.
Poetry is abstract while painting is not. This means that painters can show what they want with colors and shapes, but poets have no choice but to use language to describe feelings. Painting is also a more individual art form than poetry. A painter can give each work his or her own unique style while a poet can only write in certain styles based on how they choose to shape their words.
If all art were equal, then it would be impossible to tell one artist's work from another. But since artists often use different techniques to create their works, they need different types of art to express themselves.
William Shakespeare's prolific plays and poetry were composed in early modern English. Christian themes such as good and evil, death and resurrection, and heaven and earth were central to medieval literature. Saints' lives, Bible stories, and theological treatises were also widely represented in manuscripts and printed books.
Medieval writers were often monks who used their time writing poems, novels, and dramas for their monasteries or churches. Women wrote some works, but rarely alone. They usually had a male friend or relative write down their words for them. This person could be another woman or man. Sometimes women would use slaves or prisoners to write for them.
The most famous writer from the Middle Ages is undoubtedly Geoffrey Chaucer. His work The Canterbury Tales contains stories told by traveling priests, scholars, and others while passing through England after the victory of the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. It is considered one of the first modern novels with real characters who talk and act like people do in reality.
Chaucer was only one of many talented writers of his time. Some other famous names include:
Hermannus Contractus - French poet and composer of religious music
John Gower - British poet and author of romance tales
The English Renaissance, a period of cultural rebirth and poetic growth that began in the late 15th century and lasted until the revolutionary years of the 17th century, is regarded as an early peak of literary achievement, as well as the beginning of the contemporary sense of English poetry. The English Renaissance was part of a wider European movement called "the Renaissance", which also saw developments in Italy, Spain, and Germany. It can be traced to about 1450 with the revival of interest in classical antiquity; before this time medieval scholars such as Dante Alighieri and Thomas Aquinas had preserved and extended the knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
During the Renaissance, Europe emerged from centuries of obscurity to become one of the most innovative and progressive civilizations in history. Science, mathematics, engineering, anatomy, philosophy, art, music, theater—all flourished during this era. Renaissance thinkers were interested in everything relating to their culture and society, especially politics and law. They used their studies as a means to explore human nature and seek new ways to understand the world around them.
Poets at the time were not only musicians but also painters who used their talents to express themselves through words and images. Poetry readings and performances were important parts of the daily life of people during this time, just like concerts and theaters are today. There were also magazine articles written by poets that were sold or given away for free.