Begin by stating that full sentences might be short or long, but they must have two fundamental components: a subject and a predicate. The subject of the sentence reveals who or what the statement is about, and the predicate is the action component of the phrase, or what the subject is doing. For example, the sentence "Mary jumps over the wall" has as its subject Mary and as its predicate the word jump. Subjects can be people's names, numbers, animals, inanimate objects, or actions such as verbs or adjectives.
Full sentences are used in writing to express ideas and thoughts. In speech, we often use fragments instead. A fragment is a part of a sentence that does not stand on its own as a complete thought. Examples include words like "but," "so," and "yet." Fused sentences are similar to fragments because they cannot be analyzed into discrete parts that can be taken separately. For example, "Jill loves apples but hates worms." Although this sentence appears to be simple, it actually contains two independent clauses connected by but. Each clause is a complete sentence that can be analyzed separately.
In general, complete sentences are easier to understand than fragmented sentences, so they are better for expressing ideas and thoughts. However, when speaking, it is difficult to combine complete sentences with other elements (such as fragments or quotations) without making your text hard to follow or seem unprofessional.
Only a subject and a predicate complete a sentence! A subject is a noun (a person, place, or thing), while a predicate is an action or connection. SUBJECT-the person or thing about whom the phrase is about. PREDICATE-the part of the sentence that states a condition or calls for a response; often expressed by a verb.
In other words, a complete sentence must have a subject and a verb. The subject is the actor or entity being described by the sentence, and the verb expresses some action or state of being. For example, "Mary is singing" is a sentence because it has a subject (Mary) and a verb (is). "Singing is a form of entertainment" is not a sentence because it lacks a subject as well as a verb.
A sentence can be simple or complex. A simple sentence contains only one word, such as "I love you." A complex sentence uses more than one word, such as "Mary loves Jack and Jill hate cookies." Sentences may also be formal or informal. Informal sentences are easy to confuse with fragments, which we will discuss in detail below. Formal sentences use proper grammar and vocabulary to convey meaning. For example, "Mr. Smith went to the market today" is a formal sentence because it follows the rules of composition and doesn't contain any spelling or punctuation errors.
A noun (person, place, or object) is a subject, while a verb is a predicate (action or linking). PREDICT: what action the subject will do or what it is related to by stating what the topic is. For example, "The dog bites" is a simple sentence because there is only one subject (the dog) and one predicate (bites). Other examples: "Mary loves John" and "My brother is tall." These sentences have two subjects and two predicates because there are two people/things and four actions mentioned.
Simple sentences consist of a subject and a verb. The subject is the thing or person who does the actioning (e.g., "John hits Mary"). The verb shows what kind of action is done (e.g., "Hit" is a violent act), even if other things are also involved (e.g., "John hurts Mary too"). Sentences with more than one subject or verb can be complex. Two types of complexes exist: coordinate and consecutive. In a coordinate complex, each subject and verb must be linked to its corresponding subject or verb by using "and" or "or". For example, "John and Mary love Steve or Andy" says that they love someone named Steve or Andy. This sentence has one complex subject (John and Mary) and two simple subjects (Steve and Andy). Consecutive complexes have several subjects or verbs without any connections between them.
The subject and predicate are the two most fundamental components of a sentence. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, or object that is carrying out the sentence's action. The predicate of a sentence is the part of the sentence that tells you what the subject does or feels. For example, in "Sally sells flowers," Sally is the subject and "sells flowers" is the predicate.
There are other elements that can be included in a sentence to provide more information about the subject or object. These include articles, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Articles indicate that something is such as "a/the" or "the", while prepositions show where something is such as "in", "on", or "from". Conjunctions tell what kind of relationship two things have such as "or", "and". Interjections are words that are used for their sound rather than their meaning; for example, "oh" and "uh-huh".
All of these elements work together to help us understand who, what, when, where, why, and how people or things act or feel.
In general, sentences contain subjects and predicates. These two parts of speech are the easiest ways to identify and classify sentences.
The subject and predicate are the two fundamental structural components of each full sentence. There are also other aspects inside the subject or predicate that offer significance or detail. The direct object, indirect object, and subject complement are examples of these components. A sentence structure with these components is known as a complete sentence.
A good sentence is one that is clear and concise, uses appropriate punctuation, and makes sense. These are just some of the factors that determine how good a sentence is. There are many more elements that go into creating a great sentence; for example: syntax, semantics, and style. Syntax is the most basic element of language and refers to the construction of sentences. Semantics is the meaning or purpose of an expression. Style is the manner in which someone expresses themselves, such as using plain language or formal grammar.
There are only five basic parts to any sentence. They are the subject, the predicate, the object, the preposition, and the adverbial. The subject is the part of the sentence that you want to talk about or that does the actioning. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what subject does. The object is the part of the sentence that you give something to. Prepositions are words like "for", "with", "from", and others that show relationship between subjects and objects.
The topic is who or what the statement is about. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells you what kind of sentence it is. There are five common types of sentences: statements, questions, exclamations, instructions, and requests.
Statements are plain old talking points. They tell someone what they think or know. You use the present simple to talk about repeated actions. "I walk my dog every day." "They dance at night in the city." Statements can also be called facts. A fact is something that is true because it has been determined by someone (or something). Facts are used to describe things like measurements or observations that have been verified through research or experience. For example, "The sun rises in the east and sets in the west" is a fact. Scientists have proven this theory by creating accurate maps of the earth over time with notes about where the sun was in the sky at different times during the day.
Questions ask for information. You use the present simple when asking someone something that you want an answer to. Questions can also be called queries.