A lot of established humanity is the finest method to make a narrative sad or tragic. We must have fallen in love with or invested our interests in these personalities. The key thing is to just have your characters go through something, or if they have already gone through something, demonstrate the effect that something has had on them.
The more established these people are in their ways of thinking and acting, the greater the impact that situation will have on them. For example, if I tell you that George Clooney's character in the movie "Confessions of a Dangerous Mind" gets shot while trying to protect his girlfriend, you know this is going to be a sad scene because he is a reliable person who does not do foolish things.
Sad stories often involve people who have no one else to turn to. If you want to understand how someone became sad, just think about what would happen to them if they were left alone right now.
It is very difficult to explain what makes a story sad, but this is what all novels and movies with a sad ending are about. No matter how positive some scenes may be, there always seems to be something negative following close behind it. This is why characters in stories rarely experience any real happiness; instead, they oscillate between different degrees of sadness or joy.
The sad character Characters in stories are frequently doomed or faulty in some way, implying that they will fail to fulfill their objectives. Tragic individuals also assist to cast a contrasting light on the hero, demonstrating how near the hero may get to catastrophe and hence how heroic they are. The audience is given hope through the tragedy of these secondary characters, so they are satisfied even though the main character does not survive.
Tragedy allows us to appreciate the good things in our lives. If everyone was happy all the time, there would be no point in anyone doing anything interesting or worthwhile. Therefore, we need unpleasant experiences to make life worth living. Tragedies help us understand why people do bad things, but they don't teach us how to prevent evil from happening again; instead, they remind us that even those who have lived honest lives can still suffer misfortune.
In literature, tragedy is defined as "a dramatic work that deals with human failure or suffering and often concludes with the destruction of the protagonist's world." Although tragedies can be found in many forms including theater, film, and art, they are usually presented on the page. Indeed, novels written expressly for entertainment purposes are rarely considered tragedies, although real-life problems commonly arise which hinder one or more characters from achieving their goals.
It is possible to write a novel without using any tragic characters, but it would not be considered a true tragedy.
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People feel better about their own life after reading sad stories. Sad films provide viewers with an outsider's perspective, which might help them deal with their own concerns. And sadness is a necessary component in many stories because without it, there would be no need for hope or change or redemption. Sad stories are important because they show us that even though things may seem hopeless now, they aren't always so.
Sad stories also make us feel better because they remind us that life does have a way of balancing out. Even though some people may come into our lives and leave again, others stay forever. The old saying "tough times only make room for stronger people" applies here: the most successful people have been through difficult periods in their lives, because only they can tell how they managed to get through them.
Finally, we enjoy sad stories because they make us think about ourselves and our lives in a new light. We often wonder about the people who live next door or across the world, because they may appear perfectly normal on the outside, but on the inside they are going through their own set of problems that they are struggling to cope with. By imagining what it would be like to live someone else's life, we can more clearly see our own actions and inactions. This makes sad stories useful tools for self-reflection and improvement.