Anaphora is the most evident persuasive tool he employs in his discourse. This is especially clear at the start of the first three paragraphs: "I have a dream." Anaphora is used by King to immerse the viewer in an emotional experience. King's use of language here makes his speech more compelling.
Another tool employed by King is metaphor. Metaphor is the comparison of two things that are not comparable, such as comparing a mountain to a molehill or a war to a dance battle. In this speech, King uses these comparisons to make his point about human dignity and the need for change in America's social structure.
Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that the speaker does not. For example, if I as a writer know that my character does not die in this story, I can include clues in the text to indicate this fact to the reader. By doing so, dramatic irony is created between the character and the audience. King uses dramatic irony to great effect in this speech. For example, near the end of the speech, when Martin Luther King Jr. mentions "the fierce urgency of now," he is referring to the fact that he has just been informed that his life is in danger. The audience knows this but Martin Luther King Jr. himself does not. By mentioning this warning later in the speech, King implies to the audience that it should take action to bring about change.
Thesis: In his "I Have a Dream" speech, Martin Luther King Jr. used rhetorical methods such as analogy, parallelism, and repetition to persuade his audience.
Analogy is the comparison of two things in order to show their similarity or difference. For example, when Martin Luther King Jr. said in his "I Have a Dream" speech that he was "already on my way to Washington", he was comparing himself with other people who had dreams but were not able to make them come true because they were not in Washington. The fact that King was not in Washington at the time of his speech did not stop him from drawing an analogy between himself and those others people since this only made his message more convincing for his audience.
Parallelism is the giving of an account of what do several things alike. For example, when Martin Luther King Jr. said in his "I Have a Dream" speech that his dream was "the dream that all men can be free", he was explaining that his dream was exactly like everyone else's dream - that is, all men wanted to be free. By explaining his dream in detail, King showed that it was not different from anyone else's dream and thus proved to be more convincing to his audience.
Repetition is the act of saying or writing something again and again.
Through repetition, he is able to depict his ideal of a racially equitable America. The repetition causes individuals to reflect on their own aspirations while also allowing them to be inspired by Dr. Kings' dreams. Anaphora is useful in rhetoric because it can make an idea or argument memorable and attractive. Using language that others will recognize and connect with is important for success in any form of communication.
It was a compelling speech for the most part. Despite the fact that King utilized concrete examples to convey his point and enlighten the audience about the issue, some viewers may consider it as 'preachy'.
He used an emotional appeal by describing what life was like for blacks in America at the time. This worked because many people felt the same way he did. Black Americans were not treated equally by law nor were their rights respected by the government.
After giving his speech, Martin Luther King Jr. led a march from City Hall to the Lincoln Memorial. This demonstration was meant to raise awareness to the problem of racism once and for all. It also showed support for civil rights activists who had been arrested prior to the rally.
In conclusion, "I Have a Dream" is considered one of Martin Luther King Jr.'s best speeches because it conveys a powerful message on equality and freedom for all people regardless of color or class.
The repeated term "dream" alludes to the King's objective in his speech: to better express his dream and foster togetherness. As a result, King employs parallelism as a convincing approach. The King convinces his listeners by making his speech relevant in a variety of ways. First, he uses vivid language to appeal to the emotions of his audience. Second, he posits and proves hypothetical cases that help him arrive at a conclusion. Third, he references past events that bear similarities to present circumstances.
King establishes a connection between his dream and that of his audience by mentioning other countries once he explains his own country. He does this to show that his listeners can relate to what he is saying. Further, he shows that they share the same aspirations by explaining that other nations want peace as well. Finally, he suggests that they can work together to achieve these goals because everyone has dreams that they want to see come true. In short, the King uses parallels to connect with his audience and establish common ground.
Do you think that King's speech was effective in convincing his listeners to support his proposal? Explain your answer using specific details derived from the text.