Characteristics in Brief A summary must be thorough. You should make a list of all of the essential points in the original paragraph. Examine all of the concepts on your list, and include in your summary just those that are essential to the author's development of her/his thesis or major idea. Avoid summarizing if this will not accurately represent the original work.
Characteristics in Detail The first thing to say about details is that they are used to make things clearer. For example, if someone was trying to explain something very complicated but needed to do it in a short space of time, he/she would probably use details. Details help to bring out the main ideas in a way that allows them to be understood quickly by the reader.
When writing a summary, it is important to keep in mind what purpose it serves. Will it be useful to the reader? If so, how can you make it easier for him/her to understand?
Summary paragraphs are often included at the end of essays, reports, and books. This gives the reader a chance to re-evaluate what has been written while still reading from start to finish. As well as being informative, summaries can also be entertaining!
In conclusion, a summary is a brief description of the main ideas in a piece of writing. They help readers understand complex subjects in a simple way and allow them to follow the flow of the text.
4 Tips for Writing an Effective Summary
Remember that producing a summary necessitates familiarity with the material, which can only be achieved by multiple readings. Using brief phrases, identify and formulate the major themes. Creating lengthier phrases by rephrasing the core themes helps to distinguish them in your mind and allows you to reflect on what is being said.
Summary paragraphs should include the following elements: a topic sentence that states the main idea of the paragraph or section, followed by supporting details provided in subsequent sentences. These supporting details may include examples, statistics, references, questions, comments, etc. That being said, not all paragraphs need to include a topic sentence; however, including one does not detract from the quality of the summary.
In addition to identifying the main idea, it is important to do research on topics related to your field. This will help you to provide relevant details and avoid covering similar ground as other people in the community. Remember that your audience members will likely have different interests than you, so don't focus too much on exploring every aspect of your topic. Rather, select the most important aspects to discuss and any others that come up during your reading sessions.
Finally, use language that is clear, concise, and interesting. Try not to repeat information included in the original document or talk about concepts that are already made clear in the text.
A summary should be like an umbrella, covering only the subject and nothing else. Don't make a remark, analyze it, or express an opinion on it. Beyond the facts supplied in the explanatory text, do not compare this to another topic. Never write in the first or second person. These are house rules that may or may not apply to other writers.
Generally, books written for a general audience are shorter than those written for a scholarly community. A book report is usually only one page long. An essay or article about a recent event or issue will be shorter still. Longer works need a summary paragraph or two to give an idea of their content.
In a review, a summary tells readers what the book is about and why they should buy it. A good summary makes the reader want to read the whole book. A bad one merely mentions the main points without giving any reason why these should be pursued. In short reviews, such as those found in newspapers, reviews can be very short. They often take up a column inch or less - even a sentence or two will do! It's up to the reviewer whether they wish to include more detail or not.
Summary paragraphs are used at the end of chapters, articles, and numbers in statistics papers. The purpose is generally to provide a brief overview of the material in the chapter, article, or number.