The Lady of the Lake Ave Maria! , (Latin: "Hail Mary"), original German title Ellens Gesang ("Ellen's Song") III, song setting by Austrian composer Franz Schubert, the third of three songs whose text is inspired from a passage of Sir Walter Scott's poem The Lady of the Lake (1810). It was published in 1825.
The music is based on the Latin language and thus is called an "opera" because it uses instruments such as harps, violins, and basses instead of just voices. The term "opera seria" is used to describe pieces like this one that use text from religious sources.
Ave Maria was originally written for voice alone but can also be performed with instrumental accompaniment. The piece has three movements:
I - Allegro moderato - C major
II - Andantino - D minor
III - Moderato - B-flat major
The first two movements are sung by a woman while the last one is recited by her.
Ave Maria is often used in weddings to celebrate Christian unity between the bride and groom. It is believed that if you say this prayer over a cup of coffee or tea, then you will love forever.
Ave Maria! Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee.
Schubert's "Ellens dritter Gesang" ("Ellen's Third Song") is one of the most popular interpretations of "Ave Maria" in the world. The words "Ave Maria" appear in the song, but only in reference to the traditional Roman Catholic prayer. Although written for voice and piano, "Ellens dritter Gesang" has been arranged for other instruments, such as violin, viola, cello, and bass.
The poem "Ave Maria" was written by Schubert's friend Michael Wieck. It first appeared in 1816 in a collection of poems titled Des Knaben Wunderhorn (The Youth's Magic Horn). The poem was also set to music by Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, and Gustav Mahler among others.
Michael Wieck was a young poet who had recently returned from studying law in Vienna. He wrote about his love for an older woman named Elly-Elly von der Osten. In the summer of 1816, he visited her home town of Stettin (now known as Szczecin, Poland) where he fell in love with its beautiful royal gardens. Later that year, back in Vienna, he wrote a poem called "Ave Maria" about his feelings for Elly. The poem was later set to music by Franz Schubert.
It has become one of Schubert's most popular compositions, having been sung by a diverse and vast number of vocalists under the title Ave Maria, in arrangements with varying lyrics that frequently deviate from the poem's original setting. Franz Liszt also arranged it in three piano versions.
The first version of Ave Maria was written by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1816. It is part of his Missa solemnis which he completed just four years after writing his Piano Sonata No. 8. The mass is scored for eight voices (soprano, alto, tenor, bass) and orchestra (brass, strings). It takes approximately 30 minutes to perform.
Ludwig van Beethoven died at age 56 on March 26, 1827. His body was taken to Boniface Cemetery in Vienna where it was buried next to his wife.
Ave Maria-Beethoven is one of the most famous songs in the world and its popularity continues today. It has been recorded by numerous artists including Andrea Bocelli, Celine Dion, José Feliciano, Sarah Vaughan, and John Williams.
John Paul Jones was the first person to sing Ave Maria as part of a ceremony when he presented America's flag to representatives of foreign nations during a banquet at Washington's City Hotel on June 13, 1798.
"Ave Maria" is a well-known and well-loved piece of Christian liturgical music. The wording of Franz Schubert's rendition is a precise translation into Latin of the renowned "Hail Mary" prayer, and it is commonly performed at Catholic masses and other Christian religious celebrations.
However, neither the original text of the "Hail Mary" prayer nor that of Schubert's song are found in the Bible. They were composed by humans to express ideas and sentiments they believed to be important for Christians to pray together and to mark special occasions such as Easter and Christmas.
The words of both texts have been used by many musicians over the years as a basis for other songs. One example is the "Ave Maria" song by U2 which itself has been covered by many artists including Cat Stevens and Judy Collins.
Latin is the official language of the Church and is used in public prayers and ceremonies throughout the world. However, it is not normally heard in church services in countries where English is widely spoken. Instead, priests use vernacular languages such as English or Spanish in their sermons because they believe this helps people understand what is going on spiritually.
People in Latin countries may know "Ave Maria" from its use in English-speaking churches but could not name the composer even if they tried.
"Ave Maria," one of Schubert's most popular pieces, has been recorded by a variety of performers, with lyrics that range significantly from the original poetry. Beautiful renditions have been recorded by Andrea Bocelli, Maria Callas, and Celine Dion, as well as the incomparable Luciano Pavarotti: his recording with Plácido Domingo was awarded a Grammy Award in 1993.
The song was composed by Schubert in 1816. He first performed it on 29 February 1817 at a private gathering in Vienna, where it was an immense success. The following year, he revised the piece extensively and had it published. Since then, "Ave Maria" has become one of the most famous songs in the world.
Luciano Pavarotti was born in New York City on 31 August 1935. He started singing at an early age, and after studying music he made his professional opera debut in 1963 as Rodolfo in "La boheme". In the following years he became one of the leading tenors of our time, having an enormous influence on the development of operatic singing. In 1991, he won the Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording for his interpretation of the title role in Verdi's "Otello". He died in London on 7 September 2007 at the age of 71 due to complications resulting from surgery.
Ave Maria is a famous and often recorded rendition of the Latin prayer Ave Maria, first released in 1853 as Meditation on S. Bach's Premier Prelude de Piano. The work comprises of a tune by French Romantic composer Charles Gounod overlaid over an almost identical rendition...
The song has become associated with several events in history. It was used to commemorate victims of the Titanic disaster and also for other acts of violence and tragedy throughout the world.
It is also sometimes played at the start of a television season to signal that many new episodes will be shown during this time.
Last but not least, it is said to have been the favorite song of Pope John Paul II. When he died in 2005, millions of people around the world were given the opportunity to hear his last public appearance, in which Ave Maria is played shortly after his death is announced.
The song is written by French Romantic composer Charles Gounod and first published in 1853. It remains one of the most popular songs in the world today. A different version of the song is included on most recordings of Gounod's opera Faust.
It is also used as the theme song for the Italian television series I Raccomandati. In 2001, it was selected by TV viewers through televoting as the Italian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001, where it came fifth.