The third-person point of view is used in most formal writing, including APA papers. Because it removes direct connection to the writer, using the third person makes thoughts sound less subjective. It also allows for a more objective treatment of facts, since any personal opinion about these facts can be removed from the story.
In the academic world, the third person is often required in articles and essays that deal with theories or concepts, such as philosophy articles. These types of papers are generally written at a high level of expertise, so the use of simple language that describes specific events or people without attribution is necessary. Using only the first person would be inappropriate because it would appear that you are presenting your own ideas rather than reporting on an actual event or situation.
In general, the third person is used in formal writing to provide objectivity and clarity in the story being told.
Writing in the third person is frequently required by instructors, institutions, and publishers to maintain a more official tone. The use of the third person can also make it easier for an author to cite sources because they are referred to as "a source said" rather than by name.
In the first sentence of an essay or paper, it's common to use the word "who" to indicate that what follows is information about someone. For example, if you were describing a picture and wanted to mention that one man is wearing glasses, you could say, "Who is this man wearing glasses?" This would tell readers that what follows is information about someone who is not yourself.
You would then proceed to describe the man with the help of additional words such as "his," "her," or "their." At the end of your description, you would repeat the word "who" and follow it with the name of the person being described. In this case, that would be "Who is this woman in the photo?"
This format is commonly used in essays and articles. It makes it easy to refer back to previous sentences when explaining or defining terms (such as "who is this woman?").
When detailing your research stages ("I studied...") and referring to yourself and your co-authors in APA Style, you can utilize the first-person point of view ("We examined the literature..."). The active voice is encouraged by APA Style ("We interpreted the results...").
In general academic writing, the first-person point of view is used when describing or discussing activities that were done by only one person. For example, if you are the only person who analyzed the data or wrote the paper, you would use the first-person point of view throughout the document. If you conducted the experiment with help from others, they would be mentioned in the text as well and could also use the first-person point of view.
The last-person point of view is used when naming or listing individuals. For example, if you want to mention all authors on a paper but don't know their names ahead of time, you could list them in order from most to least relevant (or important), followed by a comma and then each person's title or affiliation. In this case, "Smith, John, PhD" would be the only name used in the text.
It is acceptable to use both first-person and last-person points of view within the same document.
The APA recommends that authors utilize active voice rather than passive voice. This means that first-person writing is permitted in APA papers when the authors discuss how they developed their research methodology (conducted interviews, tested hypotheses, etc.). While third-person writing is acceptable when reporting findings from studies conducted by others, first-person writing is preferable because it makes the paper more credible and accessible to readers.
In addition, the APA requires that citations appear in endnotes rather than in text. Endnotes are numbered sequentially and attached to the page margins. They should not interrupt the flow of text nor take up more space than necessary. Authors must use a separate number for each note they make; this allows the author to refer back to previous notes without having to scroll back through the entire manuscript. Notes can only be placed in endnotes; they cannot be incorporated into the body of the essay like footnotes are. Footnotes are written in the text itself and include information such as sources or references for facts or statistics mentioned within the article. They can only be used if appropriate in an academic setting; for example, if there is some doubt as to the accuracy of information obtained from a particular reference, then that fact should be noted in a footnote so that readers can evaluate its significance themselves.
The APA advises utilizing the first person when describing your own research project ("I"). Unless you have coauthors, do not say "we." Do not use the third person to refer to yourself or your coauthors ("this author" or "these researchers"). Instead, use "I" and "us."
In addition, be sure to include page numbers when referencing pages of other people's work. For example, instead of saying "page 5" or "figure 3," use "pg. 5" or "fig. 3." Failure to do so may confuse readers as to where they can find certain information.
Finally, remember that the goal is to create a document that will help others understand your topic so use common sense when deciding how much detail to include. If you feel like you're writing an encyclopedia rather than a report, perhaps some details are better left out.
In APA Style, use first-person pronouns to express your work as well as your emotional feelings. Use the pronoun "I" to refer to oneself if you are writing a paper by yourself. When writing a paper with coauthors, use the word "we" to refer to both yourself and your coauthors. Avoid using third-person pronouns such as "he", "she", "its", and "they" when referring to yourself or your coauthors.
In addition to first-person pronouns, include other identifying information in your bibliography. If you are citing books that have more than one author, list each one separately in the bibliography. Do not combine multiple authors' names into one reference; this violates standard citation style guidelines. Include the name of the book along with the page number for easy retrieval.
In conclusion, use proper citation styles and bibliographies to ensure that your references are correctly cited and that your paper is complete and concise.
This is one of my favorite questions since the answer is usually a nice surprise: I or we is totally fine in APA Style! To minimize misunderstanding, the Publication Manual actually advocates utilizing first person when appropriate. For example, if you are writing about your own experiences, it is correct to use first person.
There are two main reasons why writers often choose not to use first person in their work: 1 they do not want to appear self-centered and 2 they do not want to sound like themselves. The first reason seems rather obvious; if you are going to be writing about other people, using third person makes sense since each person's story is different. The second reason may come as a surprise since most people assume that writing in your own voice is the only way to really express yourself properly. But this is not true at all; you can also use third person to describe events or situations without explicitly mentioning anyone else being involved.
So yes, you can definitely write in the first person in a research paper! As long as you use proper grammar and avoid repetitive words such as 'I','me', and'my', there should be no problem with the style guide.