Most academic papers (exposition, persuasion, and research papers) should be written in the third person, using references to other writers and researchers from respectable and academic sources to support your thesis rather than your own personal experiences. This is known as "factual writing." Factual writing makes your work objective, credible, and reliable.
The first person is used when you are describing or analyzing yourself or someone else. For example, if you were writing about how your personality affects how you approach schoolwork, then you would use the first person to describe yourself thinking and feeling during this process. The last person is used when referring to God or some other higher power. For example, "God saved me on [date]," or "God has been with me through all my troubles." Using the first person when writing about God is inappropriate because it implies that you are directly communicating with him/her.
There are times when you may want to write about personal experiences in your life story format, but these stories should be included in any case study or similar type of paper that requires original content. If you choose to use only first-person narrative in your paper, be sure to include a strong reason for doing so.
Although some first-person language may be used in personal essays, lab experiments, or survey findings parts of papers, third-person point of view is most typically employed in formal academic writing and when citing other people's work to ensure the ideas are authentic. Third-person points of view can also help make abstract concepts more accessible to readers by explaining them in terms they can understand.
Third-person points of view can be either objective or subjective. An objective perspective gives equal weight to each side of an argument, while a subjective one favors one over the other. For example, in describing a scene from history one might use an objective point of view by stating that "so-and-so interpreted such-and-such data," meaning that many people interpreted the data in different ways. But if I were to describe the same scene using a subjective point of view, I would say something like "I think so-and-so interpreted the data this way, but someone else might have seen it differently." Subjective points of view are often used when writing about someone famous, because it is difficult to present both their positive and negative aspects without being judgmental. They can also be useful when discussing matters of opinion or taste.
In academic writing, subjects usually write papers in third-person point of view because it makes ideas explicit and accessible to others.
The third person is used in the majority of formal academic writing. This perspective gives a complete description of events as they occur outside the mind of the narrator or author.
In first person writing, the writer tells his or her own story. Although this choice allows for greater intimacy between reader and writer, it can be difficult to convey action or detail when the speaker is the actor. First person narrative is useful in social science essays that study how people think or act (i.e., psychology essays).
Second person narrative refers to literature written in the voice of its protagonist. In academic papers that use second person narration, you will often see phrases such as "you" or "your body" instead of "I". The purpose of using the second person is to make the reader feel like he or she is the one experiencing the event or situation described in the paper.
Third person narrative is used in articles that report on events without an explicit connection to the audience. For example, an article about a movie review would use third-person narration because the reviewer isn't describing events inside his or her head, but rather those experienced by the audience member reading the review.
As previously stated, a narrative or descriptive essay might be written in the first person. Because a business message may be addressed directly to someone, the second person is suitable. A persuasive or informative essay will address a formal audience, hence the third person should be employed.
The first person refers to the writer himself or herself. The second person refers to someone who is known to the reader or listener, but not by name. This could be another person, such as someone who is famous or whose picture is available, or it could be a general term for everyone else, such as "everyone else." The third person refers to a group of people of which the reader or listener is not a part. These could be your school's faculty or staff, for example, or it could be a larger group, such as all students at a particular college or university.
Informative and persuasive essays use different language and have different purposes. In order to write effective essays, it is important that you understand the difference between them. An informative essay presents information and arguments that support a position or claim. It can be written in either a factual or analytical style. A persuasive essay asks readers/listeners to agree with its argument by showing how each side of the debate is valid.
Both informative and persuasive essays require you to choose an angle or perspective from which to view your topic.