Upton Sinclair's writing style is distinguished by the use of similes and metaphors to build on the imagery utilized to captivate his readers. For the many readers who are unfamiliar with the working circumstances in Packingtown, the use of figurative speech gives analogies to ordinary concepts or ideas. By comparing the meatpacking industry to the circus industry or the prison system, for example, Sinclair is able to explain what it is like to work in these places while still keeping his audience interested in the story.
The Jungle uses several different types of figures of speech to describe the life of a circus performer. The first is the simile, which can be defined as "a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared together and given equal value," for example, "Jack's skin was as white as milk and as red as blood." In this case, the phrase "as white as milk" is a simile because it compares Jack's skin to milk so that Sinclair can explain how pale his skin is. Similes are useful when you want your reader to understand something about the subject matter but don't have time to go into detail otherwise.
Metaphors are comparisons that do not contain any actual words mapping one thing to another but instead use other language elements such as syntax or tone to create an image in the reader's mind.
The use of metaphorical language by Upton Sinclair The Jungle allusions and symbols are particular examples of imagery, personification, and similes from the text. Significant themes from "The Jungle" include injustice, exploitation, and cruelty to animals.
Sinclair uses metaphor and image to explain the process by which meat is produced and consumed. He begins with a description of a Chicago stockyard and then moves on to discuss the live cattle market. Finally, he compares the treatment of livestock to that of humans in order to make his point about animal rights.
Sinclair uses analogy to compare the treatment of animals to that of humans. He starts off the article by saying, "We eat beef, but we do not think of it as meat." This comparison makes clear that meat and beef come from living creatures and should be treated with respect.
Later in the article, he compares slaughterhouses to "hellholes" and says they are run by "a pack of bloodthirsty devils." Again, this imagery is used to show that the treatment of animals inside slaughterhouses is similar to that of people in prison cells or in the army. Both groups are subject to violence and abuse because there are people who want to cause them harm.
In "The Pedestrian," Bradbury used imagery, simile, metaphor, repetition, alliteration, and personification to create a sense of quiet, isolation, coldness, alienation, and death. Mead's stroll is thus linked to the gloomy environment of a dead civilization.
Literary devices are tools used by authors to enhance the reader's experience of their work. In fiction, devices such as imagery, metaphor, and metonymy help readers understand events or characters not explained explicitly by giving them a visual cue or linking them indirectly through associations. The use of specific words or phrases that link the reader emotionally to other parts of the book are also considered devices. For example, alluding to past events or people in order to create empathy between the reader and the character(s) on the page is called foreshadowing.
Bradbury uses many devices to create a feeling of isolation from the outside world. He begins the story by describing how sunlight filters through a man's hair as he walks across a deserted city street. This image alone could not make someone feel isolated, but combined with other details in the paragraph, it creates a sense of loneliness. Later, when the main character sees another human being - a woman walking her dog - Bradbury repeats the word "alone" three times, further emphasizing its significance.
Isolation can also be an important theme in books that focus on mental illness.