Sonnet 73, one of William Shakespeare's 154 sonnets, deals with the issue of old age. The sonnet is addressed to the "beautiful youngster." Each of the three quatrains incorporates a metaphor: fall, the passage of time, and the extinguishing of a fire. Each metaphor suggests a different way for the young guy to perceive the poet. In the first quatrain, he is described as falling from a great height; in the second, as passing away like smoke; and in the third, as dying of thirst after a fire has been put out.
Shakespeare was born in April 1564 and he died in April 1616. So, he was just over forty years old when this sonnet was written down probably around fifteen hundred and fifty-four.
Here is the full text of Sonnet 73:
My tongue-tyrant, teach thou my stiffened pen
To speak like thee. Fall'n enemy, who art
Not so much older than thy years as I
Am far beyond thy lifetime, who shouldst be
As young as spring or early summer flowers.
Thou art too hard for me. These wrinkles tell
The story of these gracious years that pass'd
So quickly! Yet remember, O thou young
The topic of William Shakespeare's Sonnet 73 is the necessity of the poet's friend loving him more intensely due to the poet's temporal state of existence. The poet employs symbols such as "yellow leaves" and "twilight" to persuade his admirer of the need of complete attachment. He also uses the phrase "what price my life?" to ask what value his life holds for his friend.
Shakespeare's sonnets have been interpreted as poems about love between 1593 and 1609. Sonnet 73 is a late sonnet, written perhaps as early as 1603. It was probably written for someone who had recently died, like many of Shakespeare's sonnets. Sonnets are usually addressed to one specific person, but in this case both the poet and the object of his love are unknown. Some scholars believe that the poet may have been married, but there is no conclusive evidence for this theory.
Love is an important theme in Shakespeare's works. Sonnet 73 is just one of several poems that discuss the subject. Love is described as a noble thing in "A Lover's Complaint" by William Wordsworth and John Donne describes it as a wild passion in "No Man Is An Island". Charlotte Brontë wrote a famous poem called "Love Is Not All Sunshine" which shows how love can be a source of pain too.
William Shakespeare's sonnets Sonnet 18 and Sonnet 130 are two of his most well-known works. The use of direct analogies from line to line, rather than a single metaphor extended throughout the poem, distinguishes this sonnet's style. Metaphor is the comparison of one thing to another in order to explain it or its properties, while simile is a figure of speech that directly compares like with like. These two forms are common in poetry, but their combination as they do here has not been seen before or since.
These two sonnets share many similarities. They both begin with the word "love," address someone who may or may not love the poet, describe that person in sexual terms, and end with a request for commitment from him or her. However, there are differences between them too. In Sonnet 18, the poet describes his mistress with words such as "breathe" and "life" while in Sonnet 130 he uses more scientific terminology, comparing her to stars and planets. There is also more detail given about her physical appearance in Sonnet 18 than in Sonnet 130, perhaps because she was originally written as a separate poem called "The Lover's Complaint."
Sonnet 18 is classified as a love sonnet because it discusses the love the poet feels for his mistress.
The most significant figure of speech in "Sonnet 18" is a long metaphor comparing Shakespeare's lover to a summer's day that runs throughout the sonnet. "But thine endless summer shall not fade," a metaphor inside the sonnet-long extended metaphor, compares the lover's beauty to an eternal summer. The word "eternal" here means "without end", and thus the lover will never age and become wrinkled like everyone else.
This sonnet was probably written for someone who had already left his or her heart behind when they were summoned by the poet to come see what love looks like compared to eternity. Using language that sounds beautiful but is really about something deeper, Shakespeare tries to convince them that what he has to say is worth listening to.
Shakespeare uses other figures of speech too. For example, in the first line he says that the lover is an "angel" because angels are usually described as being without sin or fault and therefore perfect. This idea is expanded on later in the poem when Shakespeare says that the lover is an "undefiled angel" because angels are supposed to be pure and innocent.
Also, "love songs" are poems that talk about love, so this sonnet is saying that the lover is better than any song ever written before because it is saying something important about love that no one else has before.