If the entire paragraph is a paraphrase of material from one of your sources, place the citation at the conclusion, as you suggested. You are not required to mention the author or provide an in-text reference for each phrase. These are called "endnotes," and they often appear at the end of your paper near where you cite the original source.
You should include page numbers in the endnote itself. That way, readers can find all the information they need about the source directly from your paper. Remember, only the body of the essay matters in academic writing! The endnotes are additional information that will help others understand what evidence you used to support your arguments.
Endnotes are useful tools for referencing multiple sources. They allow you to give credit where it is due while still providing readers with access to more information. Use them appropriately and they will help your essays reach its full potential.
If you are paraphrasing from a single source across a paragraph, you do not need to include a reference after each sentence. It is acceptable to provide a citation at the conclusion of the paragraph (there should be at least one citation at the end of each paragraph if the material is paraphrased).
When citing multiple sources within the same work, it is necessary to give references for each quotation. These citations should be placed in footnotes at the end of the document using the text style "In [name of author], [year]", separated by commas. For example, "In Jack London,. , our story tells us that people who drink milk have strong bones - perhaps because calcium helps the body process alcohol.
It is also acceptable to include a parenthetical citation in the main body of the text if the source can't be identified easily from the context. For example: "According to some studies, men who eat more than 70 grams of sugar per day may have higher levels of testosterone - but only up to a point. Any amount above this will actually lower testosterone."
Finally, if you are quoting from memory rather than from a written source, then you should include your own citation as proof of where you got the information from. For example: "I think there's evidence that seeing photos of animals in natural settings can help us understand how to protect those places, and thus help protect the animals themselves.
In general, there are three methods for incorporating materials into a research paper: summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. In your research report, you should summarize and paraphrase frequently, and use direct quotes rarely.
Summary and paraphrase are simple ways of integrating information from other sources into your own work. They are easy to perform because they require only copying and pasting parts of the text from the source material into your essay. Direct quotations are used to express ideas in language that was not your own. Thus, they add originality to your paper while still acknowledging your source.
Summary and paraphrase both help readers understand important concepts in the source material. Quotations also give your essay more depth by showing how others have interpreted the same idea. Finally, summary and quotation can also serve as hooks for further discussion of the topic raised in the source material. For example, a reader who wants to know more about foreign aid might read an article on this subject and then find further support for this position or argument in your summary or quotation of another source.
Summary and paraphrase are two simple yet very effective tools for integrating information from other sources into your writing. By using these techniques, you show that you have done some research on the topic and that you are aware of different perspectives on it.