Literary nonfiction, which includes shorter works such as personal essays, opinion pieces, speeches, literature essays, and journalism; explanatory texts with indexes and tables of contents; and navigational devices are examples of informative texts. Informative texts provide information for users so they can make decisions about products or services or perform other tasks. They do not give definitive answers but instead point readers toward additional resources for more detailed information.
Informative texts may be presented in many forms including: articles, essays, interviews, infographics, brochures, flyers, posters, books, manuals, tutorials, and websites. Each form conveys different types of information to users. For example, an article provides factual information while a speech will include some facts along with the speaker's opinions about what should happen next. All textual media must be written in good taste, without obscenity or libel. Offensive language on public signs is considered obscene language. The use of vulgar language on any school bus is prohibited by law.
Speech consists of words spoken by someone using his or her voice. It is one way that people communicate ideas and feelings. Speech includes oral communication (such as conversations) and signed language (such as American Sign Language). Written language is used in addition to speech because we want others to understand us even when we cannot speak out loud.
Nonfiction writing that is created with the goal of enlightening the reader on a certain topic is known as informational literature. They are constructed using particular text qualities that enable the reader to quickly locate vital information and comprehend the primary theme. The three main types of informational texts include explanations, descriptions, and narratives.
Explanations are written answers to questions that reveal or clarify some aspect of life or knowledge. They can be found in books, magazines, and online articles. An explanation is considered educational if it helps readers understand concepts or principles by providing examples and explanations for how they apply. For example, an article explaining how blood cells work would be an educational resource for someone learning about human anatomy for the first time.
Descriptions are written accounts of things either experienced by the author or learned about from others. They usually use simple language and straightforward narration to explain what the author has observed or heard about. Descriptions are useful for giving readers a clear picture of something they may have never seen before, such as a new type of bird or a different way of cooking an egg.
Narratives are stories that involve people, events, or ideas and describe what happened under specific circumstances. Narrative essays often ask readers to think critically and make their own judgments about what they read. By exploring different perspectives on a subject, students learn how to evaluate evidence and come to their own conclusions.
It is commonly encountered in publications, science or history books, memoirs, and user manuals. Informational texts can be divided up into several categories based on their purpose.
In academic settings, informative texts are often required to explain a concept or theory, use examples to facilitate understanding, or describe the process by which a fact or idea came to be accepted by the community. These types of texts are often written in an abstract or formal tone because they are intended for an audience that may not be familiar with the subject matter.
In commercial contexts, informative texts are any piece of advertising or promotional material that provides information about a company's products or services. They are usually concise and easy to read.
In self-help books or guides, informative texts offer advice on how to live a more successful or meaningful life. They may also include testimonials from people who have used these methods and what effect they had on their lives.
In religious texts, informative poems or stories provide information about the divine or spiritual world that cannot be found elsewhere. They often use symbols or metaphors to make important ideas easier to understand.