Walt Whitman's Beat! Beat! Drums! is a three-stanza poem with no discernible rhyme scheme other than the work's inclination to begin and end each stanza with lines that end with the word "blow," and the trio of stanzas are organized into groups of seven lines each. The first two stanzas describe a series of blows that have fallen on Whitman during a boxing match he has been observing, while the third stanza celebrates the resilience of the human body in the face of such trauma.
The poem was written sometime between April 30 and May 3, 1855, when Whitman was living at his residence at Number 36 Johnson Street in Brooklyn. He had traveled to the city from Camden, New Jersey, where he had gone to attend a boxing match. During this trip he witnessed several more fights and decided to write about them afterward.
Whitman used an autographic mode of composition, which means he wrote down his poems exactly as they came to him rather than following a prescribed form. This allowed him to experiment with different styles and meters (the rhythmic patterns used in poetry) without worrying about misplacing or losing any words or lines. It also prevented him from having to wait until later to decide how he wanted each poem to shape up before writing it down.
In addition to its status as a prelude to modernism, another term that might be used to describe Walt Whitman's Beat!
The poet commands the drums and bugles to drown out their dissident cries. The drumming is a symbol of battle, and it elicits fervent, even radical responses; Whitman's writings express these feelings. The poet's excitement, ardor, and emotion are reflected in the poem's velocity of movement. These qualities are evident throughout "When Lilacs Last In The Valley" by William Wordsworth.
"'Tis said that when the lilac blooms, / Full heart means full stomach; / And now, 'tis said that when the lilac blooms / Men eat meat for dinner." Although this quotation comes from a traditional rhyme, its origin is probably based on factual data. Scientists have recently discovered that there is a connection between eating well and feeling good. When you feed your body with nutritious foods, it will be able to fight off disease and feel happy.
Lilacs are famous for their purity and innocence. They don't talk back or get angry like other plants, instead they offer their fragrance to the world as a sign of love. This idea is expressed in the last line of the poem: "And if my heart were stores," (meaning "if I had money") "I'd buy some, too."
Wordsworth was an English poet who lived from 1770-1850. He is best known for his poems which reflect on nature and the human condition.
Take Two: How to Write a Beat Poem
Characteristics of Beat Generation Literature
The pulse or flow of a poem can be conceived of as rhythm in poetry. It is made up of beat and repetition, hence it typically relates to sound characteristics. The stressed and unstressed syllables in a line or stanza produce it. Free verse refers to poems that lack a clear rhythm. These poems are not restricted to any particular number of beats per line, but rather the poet creates flexibility by varying the number of lines per poem.
Rhythm is important in poetry because it gives the reader or listener a sense of balance and structure. A poem with no discernible pattern or structure is difficult to read or listen to. However, a poem that relies entirely on rhyme or meter for its effect becomes tedious to read or hear. Therefore, while poetry without rhythm is possible, it requires more effort from the poet.
Rhythm also helps us understand the meaning of a poem by giving it form. When we read a poem, we look at what the poet has done with the available space on each page. We interpret different elements within the text based on our understanding of how the poet uses rhythm. For example, if we know that a poem is divided into four lines each containing an iambic pentameter, we can guess that it deals with love. Iambs are five-beat patterns found in English poetry and refer to the accentuation of the final syllable of a word or phrase.
The beat and tempo of a poem might be characterized as rhythm. The sequence of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line or stanza creates the rhythmic beat. Line breaks, repetition, and even silence can serve to generate rhythm in modern poetry. A poet may also use alliteration, assonance, consonance, and other sound patterns to create rhythm in his work.
How do you identify meter? Does every poem have to use it?
Poems that use metric or metrical forms such as iambs, anapests, dactyls, and spondees have clear beats that usually fall on the same word boundaries as normal sentences. These poems are said to be in meter because their lines always contain the same number of beats. Some poets may choose not to count these beats explicitly but instead allow the natural pattern of the language to suggest how many beats are contained in a line. Others may vary the number of beats per line from poem to poem in order to achieve different effects.
Non-metric or free verse does not follow a strict pattern of stresses or pauses that would allow one to say that it is divided into lines with regular beat quantities. Instead, free verse is composed of unbroken sequences of words that seem to go together because they fit well conceptually or aesthetically.
A Poetry Term Evaluation
|stanza||a poetic paragraph containing one main idea|
|free verse||poetry without a regular rhythm, meter, or rhyme|
|rhythm||the pattern of stresses or beats in written language|
|rhyme scheme||a regular pattern of rhymed words at the end of a line of poetry|