While still a teenager, Neruda established himself as a poet. Surrealist poetry, historical epics, explicitly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and erotically charged love poems, such as those in his 1924 book Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair, were among his works. Neruda's fame spread throughout Latin America and generated interest in his work both there and in Europe.
Neruda was one of the first Spanish-language poets to achieve international recognition. His work can be difficult to classify because he moved away from traditional forms and experimented with different styles. But he is usually grouped with other prominent left-wing Spanish-language poets such as José Martínez Ruiz, Juan Ramón Jiménez, and León Felipe. These four writers are known as the Santiago de Cuba School because they lived in that city during most of their careers. They shared many interests including politics, activism, and women's rights. Neruda was also very interested in social issues and worked toward improving working conditions for farmers and miners while living in Chile and Mexico.
Besides being a prolific writer, Neruda was also involved in several political movements over the years. He was active in Chilean politics and in favor of Communist ideology. In addition, he was supportive of Fidel Castro's campaign against Fulgencio Batista when it began in 1959 and later traveled to Cuba to meet with him.
Neruda was a gifted young man who began writing poems at the age of ten. His father discouraged him from writing and never liked his poetry, which is presumably why the young poet began to write under the pseudonym Pablo Neruda, which he formally acquired in 1946.
He published his first collection of poems, Poemas de amor y otros poemas (Love Poems and Other Poems), when he was only twenty-one years old. This caused a sensation in Chilean literary circles, since it was considered an act of rebellion against traditional Spanish poetic forms. These early works established Neruda as one of the leading poets of the Generation of 30, along with Salvador Dalí, Federico García Lorca, and Jorge Luis Borges.
In addition to being a prolific writer himself, Neruda was also a prominent critic and translator. He was friends with many great writers such as Rainer Maria Rilke, Joseph Brodsky, André Gide, Paul Éluard, William Carlos Williams, and Ezra Pound. In fact, it was through Neruda that Dalí met Pound, who later became one of his most important influences.
Pablo Neruda died on January 27, 1973 at the age of 47 after suffering from cancer for several months.
Pablo Neruda (1904–1973) is often regarded as the finest Spanish poet of the twentieth century. He finished the first two volumes of Residencia en la Tierra (Residence on Earth) in the late 1920s and early 1930s, which are widely regarded as the best surrealist poetry in Spanish....
Neruda was a prominent member of the Chilean Academy of Language since 1951 and a corresponding member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters since 1967. He won many international awards for his work, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1971.
As a young man, Neruda participated in leftist movements against the military dictatorship in Chile. He was imprisoned twice for his involvement in political protests and later exiled from his country for over three years. During his exile, he made frequent visits to Europe and the United States. Back in Chile in 1975, Neruda helped draft the country's new constitution and served as its ambassador to Spain until 1976.
In addition to writing poems, Neruda also composed several books of memoirs, essays, and literary criticism. He is considered one of the most important poets in the history of Spanish language literature.
So, yes, Neruda was a surrealist poet.
"Tonight I Can Write" was published in 1924 in Pablo Neruda's poetry book, Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada, and was translated into English by Merwin in 1969 as Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. It is considered one of the poetries from the Renaissance era.
Neruda was a Chilean poet who became well-known throughout Latin America and the world. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1975. This poem was one of twenty poems included in his book of the same name. The poem consists of twenty stanzas, with each stanza having three lines. The first line ends in an unstressed syllable, the second line ends in a stressed syllable, and the third line ends in an unstressed syllable. This creates a pattern that repeats itself throughout the poem.
In this poem, Neruda tells of his love for someone named Malvina because she makes him feel young again. He remembers their early days together when they were both in school and how much they enjoyed themselves before she went to live in Paris. He recalls how she has changed since then and says he can still see her beautiful face whenever he closes his eyes. Yet, he believes that someday she will forget about him and move on with her life.
This poem is written in the form of an ode.