Henry David Thoreau is well-known for having embodied the transcendental ideas enshrined in his opus, Walden (1854). As indicated by his article "Civil Disobedience," he was also a supporter of civil liberty (1849). He grew up in a wealthy family in Concord, Massachusetts, and became one of America's first professional writers. After serving as an army surveyor during the Mexican-American War, he quit his job to pursue other interests, including nature study and self-education. The result was Walden, which expounded on many topics including environmentalism, individual freedom, political activism, and spiritual searching.
Thoreau is considered one of the founders of environmentalism because of his efforts to protect nature from deforestation and exploitation. He is also famous for his advocacy of civil disobedience when laws are wrong. In 1846, he refused to pay taxes that supported the Mexican war, and in 1847, he moved into a cabin on Walden Pond so he could live entirely without money.
During his lifetime, he gained notoriety for his writings on non-conformity and resistance to authority, and this led to him being arrested for trespassing on government land where he had built a cabin without permission. However, he was never charged with any crime and eventually released.
Henry David Thoreau (born J. in Concord, Massachusetts, U.S.—died in Concord), American writer, poet, and practical philosopher, best known for living the Transcendentalist principles enshrined in his opus, Walden (1854), and for being a zealous supporter of civil freedoms, as...
Thoreau's father was an affluent young man who married against his family's wishes, causing them to be disowned by their former friend John Thoreau, a prominent lawyer and politician. When this marriage failed, the Davises moved to Boston, where they lived poorly while her husband pursued his career.
After graduating from Harvard College, Henry David Thoreau began to publish his essays on philosophy and literature in magazines such as The Dial and The North American Review, attracting critical praise for their wit and wisdom. In 1845 he traveled to Europe, where he spent several months visiting cities in England and Switzerland. Upon his return home, he stopped writing for several years to focus on nature and social activism. He is regarded as one of the founders of environmentalism because of his efforts to protect natural areas from development and promote civic engagement.
In 1847 Thoreau married Cynthia Dunbar, a schoolteacher, but the marriage only lasted two years.
Henry David Thoreau (born July 12, 1817 in Concord, Massachusetts, U.S.—died May 6, 1862 in Concord), American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, renowned for having lived the Transcendentalist doctrines as recorded in his masterwork, Walden (1854), and for being a zealous advocate of civil liberties, as reflected in...
He grew up in a family that was deeply involved in American history from the beginning: His father was a prominent lawyer who defended John Hancock after the latter's arrest for refusing to pay taxes to the British government; his grandfather was a major force in the fight for American independence.
Thoreau began writing at an early age, and his first publication was a poem that was published in the Boston Daily Advertiser when he was only fourteen years old. He went on to study at Harvard University for two years but left without taking a degree to pursue writing full time. His essays and poetry attracted attention from leading figures in the American transcendentalist movement, which was based in New England. In 1840, he joined a group of friends who built a cabin near Walden Pond, located near his home town of Concord, Massachusetts. The friends spent several months there every year until 1845, when Thoreau moved into town and rented a room from Mrs. Mary Moody Stafford.
Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862) was a New England-born novelist, poet, and natural philosopher. Thoreau was a key player in the Transcendentalist movement, which argued, among other things, that human connection with nature is vital for intellectual and moral soundness. He developed this idea through his writings on nature, which influenced many later environmentalists.
Thoreau's influence on the environmental movement has been great, especially during the 20th century. His emphasis on self-reliance and simplicity, his critique of industrial society, and his promotion of nature writing all remain relevant today.
Thoreau is also important to the transcendental movement because of his emphasis on individual freedom and responsibility. Like many Transcendentalists, including Ralph Waldo Emerson and William Ellery Channing, he believed that true spirituality required standing apart from society in order to find one's own path toward enlightenment.
This belief led him to move out to the woods near his home in Concord, Massachusetts, where he could think and write without interruption. He spent two years living in a cabin on the property of his friend John Muir, who would go on to become one of the leading figures in American conservationism.
Muir credited Thoreau with inspiring him to protect Yosemite Valley even though it wasn't his land.