The New South Wales Advertiser and the Sydney Gazette The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, Australia's first newspaper, was published in 1803. It was followed by other newspapers such as The Empire in 1813, and The Newcastle Herald in 1848.
Australia was originally inhabited by many different cultures before it was colonized by Europeans. As part of this culture change, some indigenous Australians began to plant crops such as sugar cane and export it all over Asia. But after a few decades, they found that there were better profits in exporting wool and gold. The introduction of these two products to China and India made Australia very rich.
However, the exploitation of its resources also had a negative impact on the environment. The destruction of natural habitats for agriculture and mining, as well as the killing of animals for food or money, are all problems that face Australia today.
Despite the fact that many industries have since been established in Australia, the country's first newspaper continues to be published today in an electronic format. It is called The Sydney Morning Herald and covers news from across the world, including politics, entertainment, and sports.
The Herald, founded in 1831 as the Sydney Herald, is Australia's oldest continually published newspaper and boasts "the most widely read masthead in the country." The newspaper is published in compact print form as The Sydney Morning Herald from Monday to Saturday, and as The Sun-Herald on Sunday. Its average daily circulation as of 2011 was 516,000.
The Australian was established in 1835 in Melbourne and has been published every day except for during World War I when paper supplies were scarce. Today it is one of the largest daily newspapers in Australia with a circulation of more than 240,000. It is published six days a week.
The Brisbane Courier began publication in 1824 and is now known as The Courier-Mail.
Other early newspapers include The Geelong Advertiser (established 1836), The Hobart Town Gazette (1842), The Wellington Daily News (1844) and The West Australian (1895).
The Sydney Morning Herald The Sydney Morning Herald, Australia's longest-running newspaper, was founded in 1831 as the Sydney Herald. It has been published daily except for during World War II and the 1970s financial crisis.
It is owned by News Corp and is based in Sydney. The paper has a regular readership of 1 million people and offers news coverage across the Australian capital city as well as state politics and business.
In addition to its printed edition, the Herald has online and mobile versions of its website and app. These provide news coverage and access to other content including sports articles from around the world.
The Sydney Morning Herald has won more than 50 awards from journalism bodies around the world. These include six Gold Walkley Awards for excellence in journalism.
It was also voted best newspaper in Australia in the 2012 Roy Morgan Research survey of more than 15,000 Australians.
The Herald has two major competitors in Sydney - the Age and the Sun-Herald. All three newspapers are published by the same company - Fairfax Media - which also publishes the Melbourne Herald Sun, the Adelaide Advertiser, the Brisbane Courier-Mail, the Hobart Mercury, the Northern Territory News and Westnet. There are also several smaller regional newspapers.
18 April 1840. Samuel Revans printed the first newspapers in New Zealand a month after arriving in Port Nicholson (Wellington). Revans had launched the New Zealand Gazette in London in August 1839, just before the New Zealand Company's emigrant ships set sail. He brought this publication with him to New Zealand.
Revans' paper was not a success and after publishing 13 issues he moved on to start another newspaper, this time titled The New Zealander. This paper too failed and was shut down after seven issues. Revans then returned to England where he managed to interest several large publishers in starting newspapers in New Zealand but they all refused. Unsuccessful in his attempt to get foreign printing companies to come to New Zealand, Revans decided to set up shop himself and started a third newspaper called The New Zealander and Colonial Advertiser. This last paper was successful and survived until 1844 when it was merged with another newspaper to form The Wellington Independent.
New Zealand's first newspaper was a monthly publication that covered news in New Zealand and Australia. It began as a joint venture between Samuel Revans and William Fitzherbert and was called The New Zealand Gazette. After Revans left New Zealand, Fitzherbert continued the paper on its own. It had a circulation of about 2000 at its peak in 1842. In 1844, The New Zealand Courier replaced The New Zealand Gazette-Colonial Advertiser.