The Wiener Zeitung, founded in 1703 in Austria, is said to be the world's oldest surviving daily newspaper. The official Swedish gazette, Post-och Inrikes Tidningar, began publication in 1645 and transitioned to an Internet-only edition in 2007. The first English newspaper was the London Gazette, which was published from about 1665 to 1800.
Other early newspapers include: Le Courrier de France (1771), The New-York Daily Advertiser and North American Daily News (both 1790), The Boston News-Letter (1772), The Pennsylvania Evening Post (1793), and The Federal Republican and National Gazette (both 1798).
After the French Revolution, France had many different papers that fought for popularity including the Courier de Paris, le Moniteur Universel, and La Révolte. In 1801, a new paper called Le Constitutionnel started publication under the leadership of Napoleon's brother Louis Bonaparte. This marked the beginning of the modern press in France.
American newspapers were first printed on colonial stock before they were shipped back to England where they were reprinted and distributed throughout the country. The first printed issue of what would become the United States Newspaper Directory lists over 150 publications as active in 1789. These included several weekly and daily newspapers such as The Philadelphia Journal, The Maryland Journal, and The Virginia Herald.
Wiener Zeitung is the first daily newspaper published in Vienna. It was established on 5 December 1608 by Michael Pfaller and Paul Anton von Hiltermann.
The paper today is one of the most widely read newspapers in Austria, with a circulation of over 90,000 copies. It is published in German, English, Spanish and Croatian.
It has been estimated that Wiener Zeitung is read by its readers every day for about an hour and forty minutes. This would make it the longest-running newspaper in the world. The first issue mentioned God and the emperor in its opening line, so it can be assumed that it was intended to advocate the Habsburg cause during the Turkish Wars. However, it soon became clear that this newspaper was not about fighting wars but reporting them, which makes it the first true news magazine.
Some consider the Edinburgh Evening News to be the first daily newspaper, since it was first published on 20 November 1731. But since some editions were printed twice-weekly, this newspaper was also published for several years before Wiener Zeitung came into being.
The Relation of Strasbourg, initially produced in 1609 by Johann Carolus, is the newsletter most commonly regarded as a definite newspaper. The Avisa Relation or Zeitung (Zeitung is the German term for "newspaper"), created the same year by Heinrich Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, is a close competitor. Both publications included news from various sources including reports from travelers and items about current events. They also published essays on politics and culture.
Both journals were successful from their beginnings and continued to appear until 1779 when they were succeeded by other newspapers. Today, there are many different kinds of newspapers in use around the world: from daily and weekly editions to monthly and quarterly magazines. Newspaper printing has also advanced over time with some publications now being printed using electronic technology instead of hand-set type. Newspapers can be found in almost every country in the world.
In England, the first daily newspaper, the London Daily News, was issued between 8 and 15 August 1731. It was followed by several others including The Morning Post which was started in 1801. These days, there are many different newspapers available in England. The biggest ones are The Guardian, The Times and The Sun.
In America, the first newspaper was the Boston Gazette, which was established in 1770. There are many other newspapers today that have become major players on the national stage including The New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times.
The first newspaper, Badger, was founded in 1894 by local sisters Eleanor and Marilla Andrews and was controlled entirely by women. Vol. 1, no. 1 was published on October 13, 1894, and Vol. 12, no. 14 was published on April 7, 1906. The paper closed in 1906.
Women had to fight for their right to publish newspapers. They could not be held legally responsible for what they wrote, so they needed protection from libel laws. They also needed support from men who would help them establish offices and print houses. The Andrews sisters got both of these things. Their paper was printed in Madison by the Western Newspaper Union which allowed it to be distributed nationwide. It ceased publication in 1906 when its owners decided to move away from journalism to other businesses.
Two years after the closing of the Badger, another newspaper was started in Evansville. The Evansville Daily Journal began publication on August 10, 1908, under the ownership of H.W. Dickey. The Daily Journal was a daily newspaper that covered news in Evansville, Indiana, and Central Wisconsin. In 1917, Dickey acquired the Watertown Daily Times and moved its headquarters to Watertown. He merged the papers into one weekly edition in 1919. In 1921, Dickey died at the age of 64. The paper was then managed by his sons until 1929 when it was sold to Edward L. Bowen.
The term "newspaper" first used in the 17th century. However, publications that we now regard to be newspaper publications began appearing in Germany as early as the 16th century. These were ordered lists of news items that were distributed for free by boys on horseback through the streets of German towns.
In England, the first printed newspaper, entitled "The English Mercury," was published from 1556 to 1559 by William Pynchon. The English Mercury was a list of news items divided into sections such as "World News" and "Local News." It is regarded as the first newspaper because it was the first publication where information was printed rather than written.
In America, the first newspaper published in Boston was called the Boston Gazette and it was started in 1722 by Jacob Barker and Edward Hinkley. The Gazette was a list of news items arranged by topic and was published daily except for Sunday.
Through history, newspapers have been important tools for journalists to report events happening around the world. At one time, journalists would travel to places to report on events but this is expensive and time-consuming. So when newspapers came about they were an effective way for journalists to spread news about events without having to spend lots of money or time traveling to different places.
The Toronto Star (circulation 650,000) became the first newspaper in the world to have its complete history, from 1892 to the present, digitized and made available to the public for viewing and searching. This groundbreaking technique permanently changed how huge metropolitan newspapers performed their research and inspired the founding of PaperofRecord.com (r). The project, which started in 1998 and is still ongoing, has so far scanned 1 million pages and uploaded them to computer servers for online access.
How did the New York Times react to this achievement? They commented that it was "a remarkable accomplishment". They also noted that the project was a labor of love for Star's director of digital archives, John Honderich, who had been working on it since the early 1990s.
The Toronto Star was founded in 1881 by Joseph E. Atkinson as a pro-government paper aimed at reducing unemployment during the Great Depression. It was known as the "Daily Sun" until 1889 when it was renamed after its city of publication.
Atkinson hired George Brown as editor in chief in 1882. Under Brown's guidance, the paper developed a strong reputation for editorial independence from William Randolph Hearst. In 1984, the two men had a bitter feud over political coverage which led to an agreement being reached in which Brown would get control of the paper's editorial page if he left town without saying anything negative about Hearst. Brown went ahead with the deal even though Hearst didn't like him.