Fortunately for Hedda, the Los Angeles Times, a morning paper like Louella's Examiner, was one of the first to publish "Hedda Hopper's Hollywood." "No matter how excellent a writer was syndicated, if he didn't have a local outlet, no one in the industry considered him very important," producer A. C. Lyles explains. So Hedda decided to write some articles herself.
She started with the assumption that she knew everything about movies, so she made up things about them. For example, she claimed that Mary Pickford paid $250,000 for her movie contract because it was more than Louis B. Mayer would pay ($200,000). She also said that actress Lillian Gish had been left blind after an accident on the set of The Whistle Blower. Both claims were false; Pickford actually paid $125,000 and Gish was not completely blind but could only see out of one eye. However, since no one else in the industry was talking, Hedda got away with it.
In another article, she accused director Cecil B. DeMille of stealing scenes from other films. This time, it was true: DeMille did copy scenes from other movies. But instead of apologizing, he sued Hopper for libel.
The case went all the way to the California Supreme Court, which ruled in DeMille's favor, saying that since he wasn't a public figure his reputation couldn't be damaged by these lies.
John Campbell, a Boston bookseller and postmaster, was the first editor of the News-Letter. For the last year or so, Campbell had been busily composing and delivering "newsletters" of European incidents to New England governors, and he decided it would be a waste of time to publish them all. So he sold his business and moved to Germantown, where he began the Pennsylvania Gazette in 1729. He is considered by some historians to be the father of American journalism.
Campbell's brother Samuel took over the publication after John's death in 1730. In 1731, Samuel moved the newspaper from Germantown to Philadelphia. He hired William Franklin, the youngest son of Benjamin Franklin, to be his assistant editor. The Pennsylvania Gazette became one of the most influential newspapers in America; its reporting on the events leading up to the French and Indian War is credited with helping convince British leaders of the importance of defending their North American colonies. After Samuel's death in 1753, William Franklin managed the paper alone until his retirement in 1762. He was succeeded by his son John, who died at age 40.
The Pennsylvania Gazette played an important role in the American Revolution. It published letters written by American colonists protesting the taxation of their ships by the British Parliament and calling for a stronger relationship with the United States instead. The paper also printed news about the war efforts of both Britain and France, which helped readers make informed decisions about how they should support their governments.
The Boston News-Letter America's first continuously published newspaper, the Boston News-Letter, published its first issue on April 24, 1704. John Campbell, a bookseller and postmaster of Boston, was its first editor, printing the newspaper on what was then referred to as a half-sheet. The paper was published weekly on Saturdays.
In its early days, the News-Letter covered news in New England with particular emphasis on events in Boston. It also printed notices of ships arriving at Boston Harbor and advertisements from local merchants. The paper included accounts of colonial politics and debates in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. It even printed an account of the French and Indian War being fought between France and Great Britain until that war's conclusion in 1763.
The Boston News-Letter is considered the first successful American newspaper because it was established before the United States government began issuing its own newspapers. However, some other papers did begin publication earlier but only lasted for several issues due to financial difficulties. These include the Pennsylvania Gazette and the Maryland Journal.
The Boston News-Letter is also considered the first successful daily newspaper in America because it was published seven days a week until 1917 when the New York Times started publishing Monday through Saturday editions.
Today, newspapers are part of every community in America. They cover news about people, businesses, schools, sports, weather, and more. Some newspapers have become very large while others are only published once a month.
William Randolph Hearst is most known for founding the largest newspaper chain in the United States in the late nineteenth century, and for spectacular "yellow journalism." His papers often featured sensationalized coverage of crime and violence, along with photos of bloodied bodies and mugshots. These images helped make his newspapers popular and influential.
Hearst started out working for a newspaper when he was just 14 years old. He printed his first issue of The Union on January 1, 1851. This newspaper was owned by his father, who had been its editor for several years previously. Hearst worked for The Union until it was sold to another publisher in 1855. From there, he began work on another paper called The Daily Californian.
In 1861, at the age of twenty-one, Hearst bought The San Francisco Examiner from its previous owner and changed its name to the Morning Examiner. Two years later, he acquired a rival paper called The Chronicle and renamed it The San Francisco Daily Chronicle. In 1877, he merged the two papers into one called the San Francisco Bulletin, which remained his main publication until his death in 1919.
During this time, Hearst also built up a large media empire that included radio stations, television networks, movie theaters, and even mining properties.
The Daily Mirror of New York On June 10, 1929, he published his first daily column for the New York Daily Mirror, a Hearst product that was syndicated by King Features in about 1000 newspapers. By the end of the 1920s, Walter Winchell had achieved national acclaim. His "Winchell Watchers" phone poll attracted more than five million votes per year, helping determine which candidates were leading in the presidential election.
He began his career as a journalist working for the Brooklyn Eagle and then the New York Evening Journal. He later worked for NBC Radio and finally for the gossip magazine Variety.
In addition to being an influential media figure, he also served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II. After leaving the Marines, he returned to civilian life but continued to work as a radio announcer. In 1946, he started writing a column for the newly formed Hollywood Reporter newspaper. This column became so popular that it eventually led him to start his own film magazine called Confidential.
He is credited with creating the role of celebrity interviewer and is considered one of the most important journalists in American history.
His first book was titled Walter Winchell's Self-Styled News Column: A Study of American Journalism (1951), which analyzed how journalism works in America today. The book was widely praised for its insight into modern journalism.