1787. The letter reminded the states that the treaty with Great Britain was a national duty that the states could not interpret. It also told the president what role he should play in resolving disputes with England and France.
The letter was necessary because now that the Treaty of Peace had been signed, it was up to the federal government to see that the states complied with its provisions. If the states didn't comply, there would be no going back to peace with Britain. This would have left America vulnerable to another invasion by the British or French who would have seen how well America stood on its own two feet after giving up its claims to Canada.
In addition to reminding the president about his role as commander-in-chief, the letter explained to him that interpreting the terms of the treaty too strictly could cause problems for the country. For example, if the federal government refused to trade with other countries that were still at war with Britain and America remained neutral on the issue, other nations might believe they could get around the ban by trading with their enemies' colonies. This would make it harder for America to go to war over issues such as freedom of navigation when there was no clear winner in these conflicts.
This letter's text may be found in "Records of the Federal Convention of 1787" (Farrand's Records, Volume 2). We now have the distinction of proposing the Constitution that appears to us to be the most suited to the consideration of the United States in Congress convened. If any thing is to preserve the Union it is essential that its powers should be clearly defined and limited; and we trust that the great body of our citizens will approve of this effort to give them a government of laws not of men.
In addition to the above, here are some other places where you can find information on the Constitution:
• The National Archives website has an extensive collection of materials related to the Constitutional Convention and the adoption of the Constitution.
• The Library of Congress has many items relating to the formation of the Constitution, including the original manuscript of Washington's letter to the people of Virginia.
• Duke University has the original manuscript of the Constitution, along with other important documents from the founding era.
• Harvard University has several items related to the creation of the Constitution, including Madison's notes on the conversations at the Philadelphia Convention.
• Yale University has the original manuscript of James Madison's draft of the Constitution, which was used as a basis for final approval by the states.
President Madison addressed a letter to both houses of Congress on June 1, 1812, which became known as "his war message." He mentioned a number of sins done by the United Kingdom against the United States in it. He also revealed why he didn't urge war with France at the time.
Here are some of the things President Madison said in his letter:
The government of the United States has been so modified by the constitution and laws as to require that they should be received by the executive officers thereof with all due respect. But I have no hesitation in saying that the measures adopted by the British ministry have transcended even these limits, and have given just cause for considering them as hostile and insulting.
It is not necessary for me to detail the various acts of piracy committed upon our commerce by the armed vessels of Britain. They are known too well to need further notice here. It is sufficient to say that they amount to a declaration of war, and fully justify this country in resisting the execution of the king's orders by force.
It is my duty to recommend to your consideration whether it would be advisable to go beyond the constitutional measure and declare war against France. The circumstances attending the conduct of that power are different from what they were when the subject was last before you.
Benjamin Franklin is the only founding father who signed all four main papers that established the United States: the Declaration of Independence (1776), the Treaty of Alliance with France (1778), the Treaty of Paris establishing peace with Great Britain (1783), and the United States Constitution (1787).
In addition to being one of our most important founders, Benjamin Franklin was also a printer, author, postmaster, diplomat, alchemist, and electrician. He published more than 300 articles in newspapers across America and Europe and is considered by many to be the first American celebrity. In 1748, at the age of 22, he became the editor of the Pennsylvania Gazette, a position he held until his death in 1818. His ideas on journalism and advertising have been adopted by news organizations around the world.
During the Revolutionary War, Benjamin Franklin helped write five major treaties with foreign governments. The most significant of these was the Treaty of Peace with Britain, which was written by Franklin and his friend Henry Laurens and signed by the Americans in 1782. This treaty ended the war between England and America and provided for the permanent extension of the border between their two countries.
Franklin's other important writings during this time include "An Address to the People of Great Britain" (which was published in London's Chronicle newspaper in April 1775) and "Some Thoughts on Foreign Affairs" (published in January 1777).
With Washington's backing for the Constitution, antifederalists struggled to explain why they...