The Fourteen Points were a proposal made by the United States. On January 8, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson delivered a speech to Congress detailing his vision for ending World War I in a way that would avoid such a catastrophe from happening again. The points consisted of ideas for an international peace agreement and became known as the "Peace Plan."
One of the main ideas within the Peace Plan was the notion of self-determination, or giving nations autonomy over their own affairs without imposing foreign rule. This would be achieved by having smaller groups of people within each country meet and decide what role they want their country to play within the world community. Then, representatives would be chosen by these groups to negotiate an end to war on their behalf.
Another important idea within the Peace Plan was called "Open Door Policy," which meant other countries could freely trade with America if they chose to do so. The United States believed this policy would help them become more economically powerful which in turn would make them more influential in global affairs.
Finally, the United States proposed the creation of an independent League of Nations to prevent future wars. They also suggested creating a system where every five years there would be a conference like the one they held at the Hague to review progress being made toward achieving the goals set out in the Peace Plan.
The Fourteen Points were a set of peace ideas that were to be utilized in peace talks to end World War I. President Woodrow Wilson presented the concepts in a speech to the United States Congress on war objectives and peace conditions on January 8, 1918. The speech is often called "A Declaration of Principles" because it included both declarations and propositions.
The goals of the points were as follows: 1 Enduring peace based on justice, 2 Free self-determination, 3 Effective security, 4 Reduction of armaments, 5 Open covenants not restraints, 6 Free trade, 7 Balance of power, 8 Prevention of wars, 9 Disarmament, 10 Creation of a new world order, 11 Good offices of the president of the united states.
These ideas are generally regarded as the inspiration for the creation of the League of Nations after World War I. However, unlike the league, which was an international organization, the Fourteen Points were merely proposals intended to lead to negotiations between nations. No government or official body adopted all of the ideas put forth by Wilson; some governments may have accepted parts of them. But even so, many people regard them as representing true wishes of the president at a critical time in world history.
The speech was widely regarded as one of the greatest speeches in American history.
These are the original words of the speech: "The aim shall be world peace based on justice and not merely peace at any price. It is impossible to have real security without economic well-being and freedom, but neither can exist at the expense of the other. Our mission will be a difficult one, for man's nature is such that he cannot be trusted with power, authority or responsibility. Only the strong may keep him down and make him remain quiet. Even then, it is only by keeping him oppressed that we hold him in check. It is therefore necessary to control the people or they will rise up against you."
Here are the points listed by number:
1. Self-determination (nationalism)
2. Freedom from Want (economic rights)
3. Democracy (government accountability)
4. Security of Person and Property (personal autonomy/liberty)
5. Justice In Administration Of Law And Equity (fairness)