On September 25, 1690, the first newspaper published in America, Publick Occurrences, Both Foreign and Domestick, was printed in Boston by Richard Pierce and edited by Benjamin Harris. It had three printed pages and one blank page. On a folded sheet of paper, the sheets were approximately 6 by 10 inches in size. There were no typesetters or printers; each page was done by hand.
This was more than 100 years before George Washington became president. At that time, American colonies were not countries; they were group of states with no central government. Each colony had its own government with its own laws they could create their own newspapers to keep themselves informed about what was happening in the world and within their own colonies.
In England at that time there were two papers that published news from America: The London News-Letter and The New-England Courant. These papers often printed stories about events in the colonies together since they didn't have their own reporters. They relied on English journalists to write about America.
The Boston News-Letter was founded by Benjamin Harris who also founded several other newspapers in Massachusetts. He wanted to give his readers more content than the single issue paper that came out once a month. So with this idea in mind, he decided to publish a paper every week full of interesting articles about world events as well as news about science, politics, and culture within the colony.
The first colonial newspaper in America, Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, was published in Boston on September 25, 1690. It contained news of interest to colonists in British North America, along with advertisements for ships sailing from Massachusetts Bay to destinations around the world.
In England, newspapers had been appearing since the mid-16th century, but they were not considered newsworthy items at that time. They were usually broadsheets printed on paper made from wood pulp; there were no printed papers available in Europe at this time made from cloth or any other material. The first daily newspaper, the London Daily Gazette, began publication in 1732. By the late 18th century, more than 100 newspapers were being published in Britain.
In America, the first newspaper was probably a reprint of the news from England published in Philadelphia. It appeared under the name American Weekly Mercury between 1718 and 1720. The first original newspaper was the Pennsylvania Journal, which began publication in 1766. By the end of the 18th century, over 100 newspapers were being published in America.
These are the earliest examples of political newspapers. Although they were not the first means by which people got news about politics, they did provide information about current events and issues that were unavailable elsewhere.
In 1766, a Dutch adventurer named William Bolts proposed founding a newspaper in Calcutta for English-speaking readers. The East India Company deported him before his intentions could be carried out. Hicky's Bengal Gazette, India's first newspaper, was published in January 1780 by James Augustus Hicky.
Boston News-Leader The Boston News-Letter, America's first continually published newspaper, released its first edition on April 24, 1704. Its original editor was John Campbell, a Boston bookseller and postmaster who printed the newspaper on what was then known as a half-sheet.
There were 200 newspapers published in the United States in 1800. There were 3000 by 1860. Many of the new urban publications established in the 1830s and 40s had remarkable circulation figures. The New York Sun, for example, was read from coast to coast and across the border into Canada.
Newspapers were an important element in the social life of the time. They reported major events such as wars and elections, but they also included sports scores, crime reports, and local news. Paper was more expensive than dirt (and wood) so they usually only covered stories that would make people want to buy more papers.
They often reprinted articles that had been printed elsewhere. This is how we get some very old stories still being published today. For example, a story written about Alexander Hamilton in 1812 can be found in newspaper archives all over the country. It's not known where exactly he wrote it, but it got reprinted so often that it became popular history.
Also, since newspapers were limited to only telling people what they wanted to hear, many political leaders started their own newspapers to spread their message. These includepapers such as The Washington Globe which was founded by Thomas Jefferson when he was president and The National Intelligencer which was founded by James Monroe after he became president.
Public Happenings, or The New York Journal. Published on March 2, 1704 by Jacob Leisler (1557-1617). It was a weekly publication that covered news from both Europe and the Americas.
It is believed that Leisler founded several other newspapers between 1704 and his death in 1725, including a daily newspaper called Daily Occurrences from April 18, 1704 to March 4, 1705. This edition of Public Happenings was also issued daily during that time period.
Besides being one of the first newspapers published in the United States, Public Happenings was also the first newspaper published in New Jersey. It was published at Leisler's home in Manhattan Island (now part of New York City)
An early issue of Public Happenings is held by the New York Public Library. This issue covers stories from January 3 to February 19, 1704. It includes an article about a slave rebellion in South Carolina, political cartoons, and a report on a meeting of the Council for New France in Quebec.
After Leisler died, his business dealings caused much controversy.
On April 24, 1704, John Campbell began distributing the Boston News-Letter, the country's first consistently published newspaper. One of the first newspaper advertisements appeared in the Boston News-Letter on May 8, 1704. It was a real estate advertising for a plantation near Long Island's Oyster Bay. The ad read as follows: "For Sale: A Plantation of 40 Acres with Houses, Barns, Stocks, and Other Improvements. Also, three Sloops."
Not only did this ad represent one of the first examples of advertising in a newspaper, it also had a number of other firsts. It was the first advertisement ever placed in a newspaper published in America. In addition, this was the first newspaper advertisement that we know of that sold actual property rather than items that could be bought with money.
All in all, these early American newspapers were extremely important factors in helping their communities grow and prosper. They would go on to play an even more vital role during times of war.
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Magazine were two examples. Newspapers exchanged information in 1900. Journals throughout the country have long exchanged copies of their publications by providing subscriptions to the editors of other papers upon request. This is called "subscribing" or being subscribed to a journal.
Telegrams also were used to exchange information about events happening all over the world. A telegram is an electric message that can be sent between different countries. The Western Union Company started offering service in 1851, so this form of communication has been available for quite some time.
People in the early 1900s could read about events that were happening around the world in its newspaper. They would also find out what's going on at home through reports from local newspapers. Of course, they could also see how others were doing things differently through advertisements. And since many people didn't know anyone who lived anywhere else, word of mouth was another good way to get information about other places and things that were important or interesting to them.
In conclusion, news spread in the early 1900s from newspapers to telegrams all over the world.