The most well-known penny press publication was founded in 1851 by two men: George Jones (publisher) and Henry Raymond. The name of this newspaper was changed from The New York Daily Times to The New York Times in 1857. In 1884, a daily edition was started that included all of the news from both of these papers combined. This daily edition was called The New York Times World Edition and it is it that version that appears in this book.
The other popular penny paper was published under the name American Weekly. It was started in 1872 by Charles A. Dana who also edited the paper for several years. In 1880, after acquiring the rights to the name American Weekly, James Gordon Bennett Jr. changed the paper's format to six pages instead of seven. In 1902, after being sold twice, the paper stopped publishing on Saturday and switched its headquarters from New York to Chicago.
There were other important penny papers including the New York Sun, New York Herald, New York Tribune, and New York World. But they are not listed here because they did not appear every week.
Here are the eight editions of The New York Times contained in this book: 1852-1889; vol. 1, no. 1/1a dated April 20, 1852; vol. 1, no. 2/1a dated May 4, 1852; vol. 1, no.
Day, Benjamin H. The Cent Press was well known for its low price of one penny per page of paper. It was created by Benjamin H. Day, the creator of the New York newspaper The Sun. The Sun was the first popular penny paper, and it became popular with the American audience since it was just a penny, when other publications were approximately six cents. This made it affordable to many readers.
Other penny papers followed The Sun, including The Bee-Hive: A Paper for the People (1850-1851) by Edward Dean Adams & George M. Verplanck, and The Daily News (1852-1854) by Henry Jarvis Raymond. But none became as successful or influential as The Sun was. By 1855, more than 100 different newspapers were being published in America at a time when the country only had about 5 million people. This shows how popular the penny press was becoming.
Benjamin Day was born on April 5th, 1791 in Rowan County, North Carolina. He was the son of Thomas Day and Mary Boykin. His father was a wealthy landowner and slave trader who also served as an elected official in Rowan County. When Benjamin was only nine years old, his father died, leaving him with much debt. To pay off this debt, Day decided to start a newspaper called The Sun. It was published every day except Sunday from October 16th, 1805 to July 1st, 1808.
The Penny Press was the name given to the breakthrough economic strategy of generating newspapers for one penny. The Penny Press is widely thought to have begun in 1833, when Benjamin Day established The Sun, a New York City newspaper. Day was taking a risk by creating The Sun. He knew that many people could not afford to buy a daily paper, so he priced his edition low enough to make every issue profitable. In other words, he was producing a luxury item!
The penny press grew into a large industry as other publishers followed Day's lead. By 1900, some estimates say there were over 1000 daily newspapers printed in the United States.
The modern newspaper industry began to take shape around this time. Large corporations bought up smaller papers, and some of these papers' editors started agitating for political change. For example, The Sun became a powerful force for abolitionism, while The New York Tribune helped bring about the American Revolution.
Newspapers played an important role in the development of our country. They provided news from all over the world, they informed their readers about important events, and they influenced public opinion. It is no wonder then that newspapers are called the "fourth estate."
The first newspapers were religious publications which often included ads from merchants who wanted to promote their products. These early newspapers were only available in church basements or town squares and usually had a strong political bias.