Letters, cheques, petitions, lottery tickets, contracts, and passports. Writings are partially visible imprints that occur on a sheet of paper beneath the apparent writing. They may be caused by ink blots, watermarks, or other marks present in the paper. The word "ink blot" is also used to describe any such mark. Ink blot patterns are commonly seen in letters and documents written with a pen or pencil.
In addition to being interesting artifacts in themselves, writings that contain ink blotches can provide evidence for dating events (such as when a letter was written) or contents (such as secret messages). Because of this last point, criminals have been known to write misleading words in letters they send out so that if their handwriting is found in a book it will appear to date from after the theft was committed.
Criminals have also used ink blotting to hide their identity. If an unknown person writes a letter with clear ink blobs then it cannot be said with certainty whether that person is male or female, old or young. As more modern pens become available with different colors of ink it becomes harder still to identify the writer.
In conclusion, writings containing ink blotches can provide evidence for dating events or contents not readily apparent from just looking at the writing itself.
The characterization of what is viewed as "some true reality beyond appearances" is critical here. Clearly, it is the moment of witnessing the "actual thing" that provides both some necessary material for writing and the motivation to write. Witnessing happens when one has an immediate physical experience of something - it is seen, heard, felt - and this experience triggers in us a need to express ourselves.
Writing, then, is the attempt to express this experience through the medium of words. It is a way of capturing and holding onto this experience so that we can return to it at a later time. When we do return to it, we find that it is still there and we are able to use it again as inspiration for more writing.
So writing is really just about remembering experiences and using language to express them. We write because we want others who were not present to witness these experiences too and we write because without words we would have no way of returning to these moments later.
In conclusion, writing is the attempt to remember experiences through the medium of words and use language to express them so others can witness them too.
Formatting refers to the general organization and look of text in a document. It includes things like indentation, new paragraphs, headings, subheadings, font style, size, and color.
The three main formatting options are plain text, bold text, and italicized text. Plain text has no additional attributes other than these. Bold text is written in another font or color, or both. Italicized text is written in another font but with italicized tags. Users can also create their own formatting styles by using template files provided by Microsoft or others. These can be applied to any section of a document easily by simply selecting them from a list.
Documents can have many formats. Some common ones include:
Word documents - Microsoft's standard format for writing papers and reports. Word documents use a.doc extension.
Excel spreadsheets - Users can write down calculations and formulas in cells and then link them together to create more advanced functions. Excel documents use a.xls extension.
PowerPoint presentations - Slides can contain drawings, photos, and videos along with regular text. Presentations use a.ppt extension.
The following are characteristics of journalistic writing:
"Typography is the visual component of the written word," says Typography Practical Typography. Typography is used in all visually displayed text, whether on paper, screen, or billboard. It includes both typeface design and type arrangement (the selection of sizes, shapes, weights, and colors of letters for a given text).
In print media, typography is also responsible for presenting information on pages that are not entirely composed of text. For example, tables and illustrations are usually included to help organize and present information more effectively. These elements are referred to as non-textual components.
When you read online articles or books, you are reading text with different types of non-textual components attached. For example, an illustration might be placed where there is text to highlight something important about the topic being discussed or shown. A table could be used to list terms from a dictionary for easy reference. These non-textual components help readers understand the content better by giving them additional clues as to what is important and how the writer thinks they should interpret the text.
In web design, typography is the art and science of selecting, arranging, and designing typefaces and other fonts for optimal presentation. This involves choosing typefaces and other font features that match the intended audience and purpose while still looking good together.
Precision alignment of imprints generated by two or more printing blocks or plates on the same sheet of paper, as when printing an image in several colors. Areas that will not print are cut away, leaving elevated areas to accept the ink. The result is a precise registration of the color images.
Precision alignment of components during manufacturing processes to ensure proper function and fit between parts. For example, computer chips are aligned during packaging to ensure that all contain the same number of devices. Components may also be aligned using fixtures during testing or final assembly.
The term "alignment" has other meanings in mathematics and physics. Alignment of objects in three-dimensional space is often required for them to function properly. In geometry, two lines or planes are said to be collinear or parallel if they intersect at a single point, called their intersection. If two lines are perpendicular to each other then they form a right angle. They are then said to be aligned. In physics, particles within an atom or molecule must be aligned in order for them to function properly. If they are not aligned properly, they would have different energy levels which could cause undesirable effects such as chemical reactions occurring at random times or temperatures outside of normal limits.
In astronomy, the phrase "aligned galaxy" refers to two galaxies with similar properties that appear to be lying along the same line in space.
Indented writing is generally retrieved using one of two methods: photography with oblique (glancing) light or the use of an ESDA, which stands for Electro-static Detection Apparatus. The Indentograph was another device used to reveal indentations in paper before it became obsolete about 1920.
In oblique-light photographs, the background is illuminated from the side or top, and the indentation in the page is visible as a dark area within the lettering. The image is developed by spraying it with a fixative spray such as Auto Film Fixer. The indentations trap dust particles, which are white against the black background. The photograph provides information about the height of the indentation relative to the surrounding text. It can also provide evidence of writing direction if both sides of the page are shown.
In ESDA photographs, an electric charge is applied to one side of a sheet of paper, causing the indentations on the opposite side to print darker than the surrounding text. These prints are called "positive" proofs because they show how the page will look when printed in black and white.
A second set of prints is made using a "negative" developing process. With this method, the background is darkened and the indentations become lighter than the surrounding text.