The earliest documented literary mention to Robin Hood and his companions, however, was in 1377, and the Sloane manuscripts in the British Museum include an account of Robin's biography that indicates he was born about 1160 in Lockersley (most likely modern-day Loxley) in South Yorkshire. The manuscript also contains a poem called "Robin Hood and the Monk" that probably dates from around 1400.
He died in 1199 at the age of 52 after spending most of his life in captivity. After the death of King Richard II, his brother John became king as Richard's third son Henry paid homage to secure his throne. But only two years later, John was imprisoned by his cousin Philip III of France who wanted revenge for Richard's support of John's predecessor, Arthur of England.
During his imprisonment, John was forced to agree to the release of all prisoners including Robin Hood. When he returned home, however, he did not relinquish his claim to the throne and continued to fight against his father's former friend and ally, Prince Henry, who had taken his place on the throne.
As soon as he regained his freedom, Robin joined forces with Prince Henry and their army against John but they were defeated at the battle of Bethune in 1214. According to some historians, Robin Hood may have been killed in this battle but other sources say he escaped prison once again!
Robin Hood was born at Loxley, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, according to a legend stretching back at least to the end of the 16th century. The original Robin Hood songs, written in the fifteenth century, take place in the medieval woodland of Barnsdale. Local people would have known him as "Robin of Loxley".
The legend says that he was an English outlaw who lived in the late 1170s or early 1200s. He is thought to have been born Robert Hood, and he had two brothers. After their father died when they were young, their mother married another man who treated her children badly. So they ran away to join the army of King John of England, but they were both killed during a battle against the forces of Prince Henry (who later became Henry II). After their deaths, their friends continued the fight on their behalf with the help of their uncle, who took over as leader of the band.
Hood's body was taken home for burial, but before he lay down to rest, he is said to have told his followers that one day they would be able to go home too. This is why on his grave in Loxley Church there is an arrow with three leaves painted next to his name - holly, which represents death followed by life, and three stars underneath, which represent the stars that covered heaven when Robin died.
If the "Sloane Manuscript" of 1600 is to be believed, Robin was born in Loxley. Despite the fact that "Loxley" provided the basis for the song character, he was not born there. Loxley can be found in Warwickshire, Staffordshire, and Yorkshire.
Robin Hood's father was an English lord named Richard de Lacy. He owned land in both England and Ireland. When Robin was born, his father was in the Middle East on a military campaign against the Crusaders. He returned home when Robin was only seven years old.
Loxley is a small town near Birmingham, West Midlands, England. It was first mentioned in writing in 1189 when it was given by William Fitzherbert to his wife Maria. They had two children who were born in Loxley: a son who died soon after birth and a daughter who lived for ten years.
Fitzherbert was granted the land around Loxley by his husband Maria's family because she was a widow. This means that Robin Hood must have been born into slavery because his mother was a slave herself. Slavery was common during this time period. Many slaves were treated very badly and some even killed by their owners.
When Robin was nine years old, his father died in Palestine while fighting the Muslims.
Robin Hood was born in the year 1160 in Locksley, Nottinghamshire, during the reign of King Henry the Second. His ancestors were noble, and his original name was Robert Fitzoth, which was readily changed into Robin Hood by vulgar pronunciation. He was a leader of the common people and fought against the oppressive measures taken by the powerful Baronial class. He is regarded as a hero by many for his efforts to improve their living conditions and is celebrated on 5 April every year as Children's Day.
Robin Hood's family belonged to the minor nobility; he had no title of his own but was called "Lord" because of his influential friends. He was a generous man who helped the poor and needy, and once explained his reason for fighting against the authorities: "I fight against the law because it's wrong. I defend the weak because they can't do it themselves."
He was active in several battles against the soldiers of the time, most notably those of the Sheriff of Nottingham. The story of Robin Hood's life has been popular throughout England for hundreds of years, and he continues to be admired today as a heroic figure.
Some historians believe that he may have been real while others think he is a fictional character created by writers. What is certain is that he existed sometime between 1150 and 1190 and was born in England.
The first documented court documents referencing a person named Robin Hood (Robert Hod) are from 1226, when that individual's assets worth 32 shillings and 6 pence were confiscated and he became an outlaw. The money was owing to St Peter's Church in York by Robert Hod. The document also names another man named Robert Hod who was arrested along with Robin.
Before this time, there had been tales of robbers in Sherwood Forest, but they were not named Robin Hood. He is thought to have originated as a fictional character created by author Sir Walter Scott in his 1820 novel "Ivanhoe".
Robin Hood has many variants around the world. In some cases, the name is given to other individuals who may or may not have anything to do with England's folklore hero. For example, in America, a Robyn Hood lived in Pennsylvania in 1750. She was executed for murdering her husband. In France, a 16th-century poet named Robin des Bois wrote poems about a heroic hunter named Robin Hood. There are also people named Robin Hood in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and elsewhere.
In England, Robin Hood became a popular figure among peasants because of the power of his militia group, which robbed the rich and gave money to the poor. His main target was the property of the British monarchy and the large landowners.
While most modern academics have been unable to unearth convincing evidence, medieval chroniclers assumed that a genuine Robin Hood lived and breathed in the 12th or 13th centuries. However, the details of their narratives differ greatly, putting him in competing areas and times. For example, one version has him living in Yorkshire, while another has him being born in Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire.
They also conflict on whether he was a real person or not. Some believe he is a fictional character created by media enthusiasts, others say he is a composite figure made up of several individuals who fought against injustice in Medieval England.
Robin Hood has always been popular among children and adults alike. He has appeared in many forms of media including poetry, songs, cartoons, and movies. There are even several museums dedicated to him. So, it can be inferred that he had both an influential life and death and remains interesting to people today.